479 research outputs found

    Spin correlations and velocity-scaling in color-octet NRQCD matrix elements

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    We compute spin-dependent decay matrix elements for S-wave charmonium and bottomonium in lattice nonrelativistic quantum chromodynamics (NRQCD). Particular emphasis is placed upon the color-octet matrix elements, since the corresponding production matrix elements are expected to appear in the dominant contributions to the production cross sections at large transverse momenta. We use three slightly different versions of the heavy-quark lattice Green's functions in order to minimize the contributions that scale as powers of the ultraviolet cutoff. The lattice matrix elements that we calculate obey the hierarchy that is suggested by the velocity-scaling rules of NRQCD.Comment: 25 pages, 2 figures, 2 tables, further discussion of effective lattice cutoffs and uncertainties, additional minor revisions, version to be published in Phys. Rev.

    Lattice Calculation of Quarkonium Decay Matrix Elements

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    We calculate the NRQCD matrix elements for the decays of the lowest-lying S- and P-wave states of charmonium and bottomonium in quenched lattice QCD. We also compute the one-loop relations between the lattice and continuum matrix elements.Comment: 10 pages, LaTeX. Talk presented at the Quarkonium Physics Workshop, University of Illinois, Chicago, June 13-15, 199

    Improved determination of color-singlet nonrelativistic QCD matrix elements for S-wave charmonium

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    We present a new computation of S-wave color-singlet nonrelativistic QCD matrix elements for the J/psi and the eta_c. We compute the matrix elements of leading order in the heavy-quark velocity v and the matrix elements of relative order v^2. Our computation is based on the electromagnetic decay rates of the J/psi and the eta_c and on a potential model that employs the Cornell potential. We include relativistic corrections to the electromagnetic decay rates, resumming a class of corrections to all orders in v, and find that they significantly increase the values of the matrix elements of leading order in v. This increase could have important implications for theoretical predictions for a number of quarkonium decay and production processes. The values that we find for the matrix elements of relative order v^2 are somewhat smaller than the values that one obtains from estimates that are based on the velocity-scaling rules of nonrelativistic QCD.Comment: 31 pages, minor corrections, version published in Phys. Rev.

    Resummation of Relativistic Corrections to e+ e- -> J/psi+eta_c

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    We present a new calculation, in the nonrelativistic QCD (NRQCD) factorization formalism, of the relativistic corrections to the double-charmonium cross section sigma[e+ e- -> J/psi+eta_c] at the energy of the Belle and BABAR experiments. In comparison with previous work, our calculation contains several refinements. These include the use of the improved results for the nonperturbative NRQCD matrix elements, the resummation of a class of relativistic corrections, the use of the vector-meson-dominance method to calculate the fragmentation contribution to the pure QED amplitude, the inclusion of the effects of the running of alpha, and the inclusion of the contribution that arises from the interference between the relativistic corrections and the corrections of next-to-leading order in alpha_s. We also present a detailed estimate of the theoretical uncertainty. We conclude that the discrepancy between the theoretical prediction for sigma[e+e- -> J/psi+eta_c] and the experimental measurements has been resolved.Comment: 31 pages, 2 figures, minor corrections, version published in Phys. Rev.

    The Color-Octet intrinsic charm in η′\eta^\prime and B→η′XB\to \eta^\prime X decays

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    Color-octet mechanism for the decay B\to \eta^\prime X is proposed to explain the large branching ratio of Br(B\to \eta^\prime X)\sim 1\times 10^{-3} recently announced by CLEO. We argue that the inclusive \eta^\prime production in B decays may dominantly come from the Cabbibo favored b\to (\bar c c)_8s process where \bar c c pair is in a color-octet configuration, and followed by the nonperturbative transition (\bar c c)_8\to \eta^\prime X. The color-octet intrinsic charm component in the higher Fock states of \eta^\prime is crucial and is induced by the strong coupling of \eta^\prime to gluons via QCD axial anomaly.Comment: 9 pages, RevTex, 1 PS figur

    Double charmonium production at B-factories within light cone formalism

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    This paper is devoted to the study of the processes e^+e^- \to J/\Psi \eta_c, J/\Psi \eta_c', \psi' \eta_c, \psi' \eta_c' within light cone formalism. It is shown that if one disregards the contribution of higher fock states, the twist-3 distribution amplitudes needed in the calculation can be unambiguously determined from the twist-2 distribution amplitudes and equations of motion. Using models of the twist-2 distribution amplitudes the cross sections of the processes under study have been calculated. The results of the calculation are in agreement with Belle and BaBar experiments. It is also shown that relativistic and radiative corrections to the cross sections play crucial role in the achievement of the agreement between the theory and experiments. The comparison of the results of this paper with the results obtained in other papers has been carried out. In particular, it is shown that the results of papers where relativistic and radiative corrections were calculated within NRQCD are overestimated by a factor of ~1.5.Comment: 14 pages, 1 figur

    Color Octet Contribution to High p_T J/\Psi Production in pp Collisions at \sqrt s = 500 and 200 GeV at RHIC

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    We compute \frac{d\sigma}{dp_T} of the J/\psi production in pp collisions at RHIC at \sqrt s = 500 and 200 GeV by using both the color octet and singlet models in the framework of non-relativistic QCD. The J/\psi we compute here includes the direct J/\psi from the partonic fusion processes and the J/\psi coming from the radiative decays of \chi_J's both in the color octet and singlet channel. The high p_T J/\psi production cross section is computed within the PHENIX detector acceptance ranges: -0.35 < \eta < 0.35 and 1.2 < \|\eta| < 2.4, the central electron and forward muon arms. It is found that the color octet contribution to J/\psi production is dominant at RHIC energy in comparison to the color singlet contributions. We compare our results with the recent preliminary data obtained by PHENIX detector for the high p_T J/\psi measurements. While the color singlet model fails to explain the data completely the color octet model is in agreement with the single data point above 2 GeV transverse momentum. A measurement of J/\psi production at RHIC in the next run with better statistics will allow us to determine the validity of the color octet model of J/\psi production at RHIC energies. This is very important because it is necessary to know the exact mechanism for J/\psi production in pp collisions at RHIC if one is to make predictions of J/\psi suppression as a signature of quark-gluon plasma. These mechanisms also play an important role in determining the polarized spin structure function of the proton at RHIC.Comment: 16 pages latex, 6 figure

    Photoproduction of h_c

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    Using the NRQCD factorization formalism, we calculate the total cross section for the photoproduction of h_c mesons. We include color-octet and color-singlet mechanisms as well as next-to-leading order perturbative QCD corrections. The theoretical prediction depends on two nonperturbative matrix elements that are not well determined from existing data on charmonium production. For reasonable values of these matrix elements, the cross section is large enough that the h_c may be observable at the E831 experiment and at the HERA experiments.Comment: Revtex file 8 pages, 1 figure. Macros needed: epsf,floats,rotate Minor typos changed, and reference added. Version to be published in Phys.Rev.
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