14,348 research outputs found

    Simulations of a Magnetic Fluctuation Driven Large Scale Dynamo and Comparison with a Two-scale Model

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    Models of large scale (magnetohydrodynamic) dynamos (LSD) which couple large scale field growth to total magnetic helicity evolution best predict the saturation of LSDs seen in simulations. For the simplest so called "{\alpha}2" LSDs in periodic boxes, the electromotive force driving LSD growth depends on the difference between the time-integrated kinetic and current helicity associated with fluctuations. When the system is helically kinetically forced (KF), the growth of the large scale helical field is accompanied by growth of small scale magnetic (and current) helicity which ultimately quench the LSD. Here, using both simulations and theory, we study the complementary magnetically forced(MF) case in which the system is forced with an electric field that supplies magnetic helicity. For this MF case, the kinetic helicity becomes the back-reactor that saturates the LSD. Simulations of both MF and KF cases can be approximately modeled with the same equations of magnetic helicity evolution, but with complementary initial conditions. A key difference between KF and MF cases is that the helical large scale field in the MF case grows with the same sign of injected magnetic helicity, whereas the large and small scale magnetic helicities grow with opposite sign for the KF case. The MF case can arise even when the thermal pressure is approximately smaller than the magnetic pressure, and requires only that helical small scale magnetic fluctuations dominate helical velocity fluctuations in LSD driving. We suggest that LSDs in accretion discs and Babcock models of the solar dynamo are actually MF LSDs.Comment: 12 pages, 34 figure

    Effect of Fractional Kinetic Helicity on Turbulent Magnetic Dynamo Spectra

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    Magnetic field amplification in astrophysics ultimately requires an understanding of magnetohydrodynamic turbulence. Kinetic helicity has long been known to be important for large scale field growth in forced MHD turbulence, and has been recently demonstrated numerically to be asymptotically consistent with slow mean field dynamo action in a periodic box. Here we show numerically that the magnetic spectrum at and below the forcing scale is also strongly influenced by kinetic helicity. We identify a critical value, fh,critf_{h,crit} above which the magnetic spectrum develops maxima at wavenumber =1= 1 scale {\it and} at the forcing scale, For f<fh,critf< f_{h,crit} the field peaks only at the resistive scale. Kinetic helicity may thus be important not only for generating a large scale field, but also for establishing observed peaks in magnetic spectra at the forcing scale. The turbulent Galactic disk provides an example where both large scale (>> supernova forcing scale) fields and small scale (\le forcing scale, with peak at forcing scale) fields are observed. We discuss this, and the potential application to the protogalaxy, but also emphasize the limitations in applying our results to these systems.Comment: version accepted to ApJL, 10 pages, 3 fig

    The Domestic Establishment Clause

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