13,540 research outputs found

    Bogoliubov transformations and exact isolated solutions for simple non-adiabatic Hamiltonians

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    We present a new method for finding isolated exact solutions of a class of non-adiabatic Hamiltonians of relevance to quantum optics and allied areas. Central to our approach is the use of Bogoliubov transformations of the bosonic fields in the models. We demonstrate the simplicity and efficiency of this method by applying it to the Rabi Hamiltonian.Comment: LaTeX, 16 pages, 1 figure. Minor additions and journal re

    Low-energy parameters and spin gap of a frustrated spin-ss Heisenberg antiferromagnet with s32s \leq \frac{3}{2} on the honeycomb lattice

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    The coupled cluster method is implemented at high orders of approximation to investigate the zero-temperature (T=0)(T=0) phase diagram of the frustrated spin-ss J1J_{1}--J2J_{2}--J3J_{3} antiferromagnet on the honeycomb lattice. The system has isotropic Heisenberg interactions of strength J1>0J_{1}>0, J2>0J_{2}>0 and J3>0J_{3}>0 between nearest-neighbour, next-nearest-neighbour and next-next-nearest-neighbour pairs of spins, respectively. We study it in the case J3=J2κJ1J_{3}=J_{2}\equiv \kappa J_{1}, in the window 0κ10 \leq \kappa \leq 1 that contains the classical tricritical point (at κcl=12\kappa_{{\rm cl}}=\frac{1}{2}) of maximal frustration, appropriate to the limiting value ss \to \infty of the spin quantum number. We present results for the magnetic order parameter MM, the triplet spin gap Δ\Delta, the spin stiffness ρs\rho_{s} and the zero-field transverse magnetic susceptibility χ\chi for the two collinear quasiclassical antiferromagnetic (AFM) phases with N\'{e}el and striped order, respectively. Results for MM and Δ\Delta are given for the three cases s=12s=\frac{1}{2}, s=1s=1 and s=32s=\frac{3}{2}, while those for ρs\rho_{s} and χ\chi are given for the two cases s=12s=\frac{1}{2} and s=1s=1. On the basis of all these results we find that the spin-12\frac{1}{2} and spin-1 models both have an intermediate paramagnetic phase, with no discernible magnetic long-range order, between the two AFM phases in their T=0T=0 phase diagrams, while for s>1s > 1 there is a direct transition between them. Accurate values are found for all of the associated quantum critical points. While the results also provide strong evidence for the intermediate phase being gapped for the case s=12s=\frac{1}{2}, they are less conclusive for the case s=1s=1. On balance however, at least the transition in the latter case at the striped phase boundary seems to be to a gapped intermediate state

    Systematic Inclusion of High-Order Multi-Spin Correlations for the Spin-121\over2 XXZXXZ Models

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    We apply the microscopic coupled-cluster method (CCM) to the spin-121\over2 XXZXXZ models on both the one-dimensional chain and the two-dimensional square lattice. Based on a systematic approximation scheme of the CCM developed by us previously, we carry out high-order {\it ab initio} calculations using computer-algebraic techniques. The ground-state properties of the models are obtained with high accuracy as functions of the anisotropy parameter. Furthermore, our CCM analysis enables us to study their quantum critical behavior in a systematic and unbiased manner.Comment: (to appear in PRL). 4 pages, ReVTeX, two figures available upon request. UMIST Preprint MA-000-000

    Phase Transitions in the Spin-Half J_1--J_2 Model

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    The coupled cluster method (CCM) is a well-known method of quantum many-body theory, and here we present an application of the CCM to the spin-half J_1--J_2 quantum spin model with nearest- and next-nearest-neighbour interactions on the linear chain and the square lattice. We present new results for ground-state expectation values of such quantities as the energy and the sublattice magnetisation. The presence of critical points in the solution of the CCM equations, which are associated with phase transitions in the real system, is investigated. Completely distinct from the investigation of the critical points, we also make a link between the expansion coefficients of the ground-state wave function in terms of an Ising basis and the CCM ket-state correlation coefficients. We are thus able to present evidence of the breakdown, at a given value of J_2/J_1, of the Marshall-Peierls sign rule which is known to be satisfied at the pure Heisenberg point (J_2 = 0) on any bipartite lattice. For the square lattice, our best estimates of the points at which the sign rule breaks down and at which the phase transition from the antiferromagnetic phase to the frustrated phase occurs are, respectively, given (to two decimal places) by J_2/J_1 = 0.26 and J_2/J_1 = 0.61.Comment: 28 pages, Latex, 2 postscript figure

    Exact isolated solutions for the two-photon Rabi Hamiltonian

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    The two-photon Rabi Hamiltonian is a simple model describing the interaction of light with matter, with the interaction being mediated by the exchange of two photons. Although this model is exactly soluble in the rotating-wave approximation, we work with the full Hamiltonian, maintaining the non-integrability of the model. We demonstrate that, despite this non-integrability, there exist isolated, exact solutions for this model analogous to the so-called Juddian solutions found for the single-photon Rabi Hamiltonian. In so doing we use a Bogoliubov transformation of the field mode, as described by the present authors in an earlier publication.Comment: 15 Pages, 1 Figure, Latex, minor change

    High-Order Coupled Cluster Method Calculations for the Ground- and Excited-State Properties of the Spin-Half XXZ Model

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    In this article, we present new results of high-order coupled cluster method (CCM) calculations, based on a N\'eel model state with spins aligned in the zz-direction, for both the ground- and excited-state properties of the spin-half {\it XXZ} model on the linear chain, the square lattice, and the simple cubic lattice. In particular, the high-order CCM formalism is extended to treat the excited states of lattice quantum spin systems for the first time. Completely new results for the excitation energy gap of the spin-half {\it XXZ} model for these lattices are thus determined. These high-order calculations are based on a localised approximation scheme called the LSUBmm scheme in which we retain all kk-body correlations defined on all possible locales of mm adjacent lattice sites (kmk \le m). The ``raw'' CCM LSUBmm results are seen to provide very good results for the ground-state energy, sublattice magnetisation, and the value of the lowest-lying excitation energy for each of these systems. However, in order to obtain even better results, two types of extrapolation scheme of the LSUBmm results to the limit mm \to \infty (i.e., the exact solution in the thermodynamic limit) are presented. The extrapolated results provide extremely accurate results for the ground- and excited-state properties of these systems across a wide range of values of the anisotropy parameter.Comment: 31 Pages, 5 Figure

    Influence of quantum fluctuations on zero-temperature phase transitions between collinear and noncollinear states in frustrated spin systems

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    We study a square-lattice spin-half Heisenberg model where frustration is introduced by competing nearest-neighbor bonds of different signs. We discuss the influence of quantum fluctuations on the nature of the zero-temperature phase transitions from phases with collinear magnetic order at small frustration to phases with noncollinear spiral order at large frustration. We use the coupled cluster method (CCM) for high orders of approximation (up to LSUB6) and the exact diagonalization of finite systems (up to 32 sites) to calculate ground-state properties. The role of quantum fluctuations is examined by comparing the ferromagnetic-spiral and the antiferromagnetic-spiral transition within the same model. We find clear evidence that quantum fluctuations prefer collinear order and that they may favour a first order transition instead of a second order transition in case of no quantum fluctuations.Comment: 6 pages, 6 Postscipt figures; Accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.

    The Coupled Cluster Method Applied to Quantum Magnets: A New LPSUBmm Approximation Scheme for Lattice Models

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    A new approximation hierarchy, called the LPSUBmm scheme, is described for the coupled cluster method (CCM). It is applicable to systems defined on a regular spatial lattice. We then apply it to two well-studied prototypical (spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic) spin-lattice models, namely: the XXZ and the XY models on the square lattice in two dimensions. Results are obtained in each case for the ground-state energy, the ground-state sublattice magnetization and the quantum critical point. They are all in good agreement with those from such alternative methods as spin-wave theory, series expansions, quantum Monte Carlo methods and the CCM using the alternative LSUBmm and DSUBmm schemes. Each of the three CCM schemes (LSUBmm, DSUBmm and LPSUBmm) for use with systems defined on a regular spatial lattice is shown to have its own advantages in particular applications
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