13,540 research outputs found

### Bogoliubov transformations and exact isolated solutions for simple non-adiabatic Hamiltonians

We present a new method for finding isolated exact solutions of a class of
non-adiabatic Hamiltonians of relevance to quantum optics and allied areas.
Central to our approach is the use of Bogoliubov transformations of the bosonic
fields in the models. We demonstrate the simplicity and efficiency of this
method by applying it to the Rabi Hamiltonian.Comment: LaTeX, 16 pages, 1 figure. Minor additions and journal re

### Low-energy parameters and spin gap of a frustrated spin-$s$ Heisenberg antiferromagnet with $s \leq \frac{3}{2}$ on the honeycomb lattice

The coupled cluster method is implemented at high orders of approximation to
investigate the zero-temperature $(T=0)$ phase diagram of the frustrated
spin-$s$ $J_{1}$--$J_{2}$--$J_{3}$ antiferromagnet on the honeycomb lattice.
The system has isotropic Heisenberg interactions of strength $J_{1}>0$,
$J_{2}>0$ and $J_{3}>0$ between nearest-neighbour, next-nearest-neighbour and
next-next-nearest-neighbour pairs of spins, respectively. We study it in the
case $J_{3}=J_{2}\equiv \kappa J_{1}$, in the window $0 \leq \kappa \leq 1$
that contains the classical tricritical point (at $\kappa_{{\rm
cl}}=\frac{1}{2}$) of maximal frustration, appropriate to the limiting value $s
\to \infty$ of the spin quantum number. We present results for the magnetic
order parameter $M$, the triplet spin gap $\Delta$, the spin stiffness
$\rho_{s}$ and the zero-field transverse magnetic susceptibility $\chi$ for the
two collinear quasiclassical antiferromagnetic (AFM) phases with N\'{e}el and
striped order, respectively. Results for $M$ and $\Delta$ are given for the
three cases $s=\frac{1}{2}$, $s=1$ and $s=\frac{3}{2}$, while those for
$\rho_{s}$ and $\chi$ are given for the two cases $s=\frac{1}{2}$ and $s=1$. On
the basis of all these results we find that the spin-$\frac{1}{2}$ and spin-1
models both have an intermediate paramagnetic phase, with no discernible
magnetic long-range order, between the two AFM phases in their $T=0$ phase
diagrams, while for $s > 1$ there is a direct transition between them. Accurate
values are found for all of the associated quantum critical points. While the
results also provide strong evidence for the intermediate phase being gapped
for the case $s=\frac{1}{2}$, they are less conclusive for the case $s=1$. On
balance however, at least the transition in the latter case at the striped
phase boundary seems to be to a gapped intermediate state

### Systematic Inclusion of High-Order Multi-Spin Correlations for the Spin-$1\over2$ $XXZ$ Models

We apply the microscopic coupled-cluster method (CCM) to the spin-$1\over2$
$XXZ$ models on both the one-dimensional chain and the two-dimensional square
lattice. Based on a systematic approximation scheme of the CCM developed by us
previously, we carry out high-order {\it ab initio} calculations using
computer-algebraic techniques. The ground-state properties of the models are
obtained with high accuracy as functions of the anisotropy parameter.
Furthermore, our CCM analysis enables us to study their quantum critical
behavior in a systematic and unbiased manner.Comment: (to appear in PRL). 4 pages, ReVTeX, two figures available upon
request. UMIST Preprint MA-000-000

### Phase Transitions in the Spin-Half J_1--J_2 Model

The coupled cluster method (CCM) is a well-known method of quantum many-body
theory, and here we present an application of the CCM to the spin-half J_1--J_2
quantum spin model with nearest- and next-nearest-neighbour interactions on the
linear chain and the square lattice. We present new results for ground-state
expectation values of such quantities as the energy and the sublattice
magnetisation. The presence of critical points in the solution of the CCM
equations, which are associated with phase transitions in the real system, is
investigated. Completely distinct from the investigation of the critical
points, we also make a link between the expansion coefficients of the
ground-state wave function in terms of an Ising basis and the CCM ket-state
correlation coefficients. We are thus able to present evidence of the
breakdown, at a given value of J_2/J_1, of the Marshall-Peierls sign rule which
is known to be satisfied at the pure Heisenberg point (J_2 = 0) on any
bipartite lattice. For the square lattice, our best estimates of the points at
which the sign rule breaks down and at which the phase transition from the
antiferromagnetic phase to the frustrated phase occurs are, respectively, given
(to two decimal places) by J_2/J_1 = 0.26 and J_2/J_1 = 0.61.Comment: 28 pages, Latex, 2 postscript figure

### Exact isolated solutions for the two-photon Rabi Hamiltonian

The two-photon Rabi Hamiltonian is a simple model describing the interaction
of light with matter, with the interaction being mediated by the exchange of
two photons. Although this model is exactly soluble in the rotating-wave
approximation, we work with the full Hamiltonian, maintaining the
non-integrability of the model. We demonstrate that, despite this
non-integrability, there exist isolated, exact solutions for this model
analogous to the so-called Juddian solutions found for the single-photon Rabi
Hamiltonian. In so doing we use a Bogoliubov transformation of the field mode,
as described by the present authors in an earlier publication.Comment: 15 Pages, 1 Figure, Latex, minor change

### High-Order Coupled Cluster Method Calculations for the Ground- and Excited-State Properties of the Spin-Half XXZ Model

In this article, we present new results of high-order coupled cluster method
(CCM) calculations, based on a N\'eel model state with spins aligned in the
$z$-direction, for both the ground- and excited-state properties of the
spin-half {\it XXZ} model on the linear chain, the square lattice, and the
simple cubic lattice. In particular, the high-order CCM formalism is extended
to treat the excited states of lattice quantum spin systems for the first time.
Completely new results for the excitation energy gap of the spin-half {\it XXZ}
model for these lattices are thus determined. These high-order calculations are
based on a localised approximation scheme called the LSUB$m$ scheme in which we
retain all $k$-body correlations defined on all possible locales of $m$
adjacent lattice sites ($k \le m$). The ``raw'' CCM LSUB$m$ results are seen to
provide very good results for the ground-state energy, sublattice
magnetisation, and the value of the lowest-lying excitation energy for each of
these systems. However, in order to obtain even better results, two types of
extrapolation scheme of the LSUB$m$ results to the limit $m \to \infty$ (i.e.,
the exact solution in the thermodynamic limit) are presented. The extrapolated
results provide extremely accurate results for the ground- and excited-state
properties of these systems across a wide range of values of the anisotropy
parameter.Comment: 31 Pages, 5 Figure

### Influence of quantum fluctuations on zero-temperature phase transitions between collinear and noncollinear states in frustrated spin systems

We study a square-lattice spin-half Heisenberg model where frustration is
introduced by competing nearest-neighbor bonds of different signs. We discuss
the influence of quantum fluctuations on the nature of the zero-temperature
phase transitions from phases with collinear magnetic order at small
frustration to phases with noncollinear spiral order at large frustration. We
use the coupled cluster method (CCM) for high orders of approximation (up to
LSUB6) and the exact diagonalization of finite systems (up to 32 sites) to
calculate ground-state properties. The role of quantum fluctuations is examined
by comparing the ferromagnetic-spiral and the antiferromagnetic-spiral
transition within the same model. We find clear evidence that quantum
fluctuations prefer collinear order and that they may favour a first order
transition instead of a second order transition in case of no quantum
fluctuations.Comment: 6 pages, 6 Postscipt figures; Accepted for publication in Phys. Rev.

### The Coupled Cluster Method Applied to Quantum Magnets: A New LPSUB$m$ Approximation Scheme for Lattice Models

A new approximation hierarchy, called the LPSUB$m$ scheme, is described for
the coupled cluster method (CCM). It is applicable to systems defined on a
regular spatial lattice. We then apply it to two well-studied prototypical
(spin-1/2 Heisenberg antiferromagnetic) spin-lattice models, namely: the XXZ
and the XY models on the square lattice in two dimensions. Results are obtained
in each case for the ground-state energy, the ground-state sublattice
magnetization and the quantum critical point. They are all in good agreement
with those from such alternative methods as spin-wave theory, series
expansions, quantum Monte Carlo methods and the CCM using the alternative
LSUB$m$ and DSUB$m$ schemes. Each of the three CCM schemes (LSUB$m$, DSUB$m$
and LPSUB$m$) for use with systems defined on a regular spatial lattice is
shown to have its own advantages in particular applications

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