12,922 research outputs found

    Thermodynamics of Plasmaballs and Plasmarings in 3+1 Dimensions

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    We study localized plasma configurations in 3+1 dimensional massive field theories obtained by Scherk-Schwarz compactification of 4+1 dimensional CFT to predict the thermodynamic properties of localized blackholes and blackrings in Scherk-Schwarz compactified AdS6AdS_6 using the AdS/CFT correspondence. We present an exact solution to the relativistic Navier-Stokes equation in the thin ring limit of the fluid configuration. We also perform a thorough numerical analysis to obtain the thermodynamic properties of the most general solution. Finally we compare our results with the recent proposal for the phase diagram of blackholes in six flat dimensions and find some similarities but other differences.Comment: 18 pages, 11 figures, latex; v2: Typos corrected and new references adde

    On the Special Significance of the Latest PAMELA Results in Astroparticle Physics

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    In continuation of their earlier measurements, the PAMELA group reported data on antiproton flux and Pˉ/P\bar{P}/P ratios in 2010 at much higher energies. In past we had dealt with these specific aspects of PAMELA data in great detail and each time we captured the contemporary data-trends quite successfully with the help of a multiple production model of secondary antiprotons with some non-standard ilk and with some other absolutely standard assumptions and approximations. In this work we aim at presenting a comprehensive and valid description of all the available data on antiproton flux and the nature of Pˉ/P\bar{P}/P ratios at the highest energies reported so far by the PAMELA experiment in 2010. The main physical implication of all this would, in the end, be highlighted.Comment: 8 pages, 6 figure

    Mean Field Methods for a Special Class of Belief Networks

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    The chief aim of this paper is to propose mean-field approximations for a broad class of Belief networks, of which sigmoid and noisy-or networks can be seen as special cases. The approximations are based on a powerful mean-field theory suggested by Plefka. We show that Saul, Jaakkola and Jordan' s approach is the first order approximation in Plefka's approach, via a variational derivation. The application of Plefka's theory to belief networks is not computationally tractable. To tackle this problem we propose new approximations based on Taylor series. Small scale experiments show that the proposed schemes are attractive

    Some characteristic cosmic ray events and an attempt at their explanation

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    Some cosmic ray events with very large multiplicities and very high transverse momenta have recently been reported in balloon-borne emulsion chamber experiments. The explanation for these events by the standard approaches has become a bit problematical. An attempt has been made in this paper to understand and interpret them in the light of a dynamical model of multihadron production phenomena with power-law nature of average multiplicity and automatic scale-breaking derived in the model

    Nonlinear Magnetohydrodynamics from Gravity

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    We apply the recently established connection between nonlinear fluid dynamics and AdS gravity to the case of the dyonic black brane in AdS_4. This yields the equations of fluid dynamics for a 2+1 dimensional charged fluid in a background magnetic field. We construct the gravity solution to second order in the derivative expansion. From this we find the fluid dynamical stress tensor and charge current to second and third order in derivatives respectively, along with values for the associated transport coefficients.Comment: 20 pages. v3: Added section 2.3 on comparison to other approaches and definition of viscosit