17 research outputs found

    Heavy Quark Potential in a static and strong homogeneous magnetic field

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    We have investigated the properties of quarkonia in a thermal QCD medium in the background of strong magnetic field. For that purpose, we employ the Schwinger proper-time quark propagator in the lowest Landau level to calculate the one-loop gluon self-energy, which in the sequel gives the the effective gluon propagator. As an artifact of strong magnetic field approximation (eB>>T2eB>>T^2 and eB>>m2eB>>m^2), the Debye mass for massless flavors is found to depend only on the magnetic field which is the dominant scale in comparison to the scales prevalent in the thermal medium. However, for physical quark masses, it depends on both magnetic field and temperature in a low temperature and high magnetic field but the temperature dependence is very meagre and becomes independent of temperature beyond a certain temperature and magnetic field. With the above mentioned ingredients, the potential between heavy quark (QQ) and anti-quark (Qˉ\bar Q) is obtained in a hot QCD medium in the presence of strong magnetic field by correcting both short and long range components of the potential in real-time formalism. It is found that the long range part of the quarkonium potential is affected much more by magnetic field as compared to the short range part. This observation facilitates us to estimate the magnetic field beyond which the potential will be too weak to bind QQˉQ\bar Q together. For example, the J/ψJ/\psi is dissociated at eBeB \sim 10 mπ2m_\pi^2 and Υ\Upsilon is dissociated at eBeB \sim 100 mπ2m_\pi^2 whereas its excited states, ψ\psi^\prime and Υ\Upsilon^\prime are dissociated at smaller magnetic field eB=mπ2eB= m_\pi^2, 13mπ213 m_\pi^2, respectively.Comment: 20 pages, 5 figure

    Strong CP violation and chiral symmetry breaking in hot and dense quark matter

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    We investigate chiral symmetry breaking and strong CP violation effects in the phase diagram of strongly interacting matter. We demonstrate the effect of strong CP violating terms on the phase structure at finite temperature and densities in a 3-flavor Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model including the Kobayashi-Maskawa-t'Hooft (KMT) determinant term. This is investigated using an explicit structure for the ground state in terms of quark-antiquark condensates for both in the scalar and the pseudoscalar channels. CP restoring transition with temperature at zero baryon density is found to be a second order transition at θ=π\theta = \pi while the same at finite chemical potential and small temperature turns out to be a first order transition. Within the model, the tri-critical point turns out to be (Tc,μc)(273,94)(T_c,\mu_c)\simeq(273,94) MeV at θ=π\theta = \pi for such a transition.Comment: 10 pages, 12 figure

    Chiral symmety breaking in 3-flavor Nambu-Jona Lasinio model in magnetic background

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    Effect of magnetic field on chiral symmetry breaking in a 3-flavor Nambu Jona Lasinio (NJL) model at finite temperature and densities is considered here using an explicit structure of ground state in terms of quark and antiquark condensates. While at zero chemical potential and finite temperature, magnetic field enhances the condensates, at zero temperature, the critical chemical potential decreases with increasing magnetic field.Comment: Talk given at ICPAQGP-2010, Dec 6-10, 2010, Goa, India, 4 pages, 4 figure

    Violation of Wiedemann-Franz Law for Hot Hadronic Matter created at NICA, FAIR and RHIC Energies using Non-extensive Statistics

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    We present here the computation of electrical and thermal conductivity by solving the Boltzmann transport equation in relaxation time approximation. We use the qq-generalized Boltzmann distribution function to incorporate the effects of non-extensivity. The behaviour of these quantities with changing temperature and baryochemical potential has been studied as the system slowly moves towards thermodynamic equilibrium. We have estimated the Lorenz number at NICA, FAIR and the top RHIC energies and studied as a function of temperature, baryochemical potential and the non-extensive parameter, qq. We have observed that Wiedemann-Franz law is violated for a non-extensive hadronic phase as well as for an equilibrated hadron gas at high temperatures.Comment: Same as the published versio

    Centrality dependence of Electrical and Hall conductivity at RHIC and LHC energies for a Conformal System

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    In this work, we study electrical conductivity and Hall conductivity in the presence of electromagnetic field using Relativistic Boltzmann Transport Equation with Relaxation Time Approximation. We evaluate these transport coefficients for a strongly interacting system consisting of nearly massless particles which is similar to Quark-Gluon Plasma and is likely to be formed in heavy-ion collision experiments. We explicitly include the effects of magnetic field in the calculation of relaxation time. The values of magnetic field are obtained for all the centrality classes of Au+Au collisions at sNN=\sqrt {s_{\rm NN}} = 200 GeV and Pb+Pb collisions at sNN=\sqrt {s_{\rm NN}} = 2.76 TeV. We consider the three lightest quark flavors and their corresponding antiparticles in this study. We estimate the temperature dependence of the electrical conductivity and Hall conductivity for different strengths of magnetic field. We observe a significant dependence of temperature on electrical and Hall conductivity in the presence of magnetic field.Comment: Same as the published version in EPJ

    BCS BEC crossover and phase structure of relativistic system: a variational approach

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    We investigate here the BCS BEC crossover in relativistic systems using a variational construct for the ground state and the minimization of the thermodynamic potential. This is first studied in a four fermion point interaction model and with a BCS type ansatz for the ground state with fermion pairs. It is shown that the antiparticle degrees of freedom play an important role in the BCS BEC crossover physics, even when the ratio of fermi momentum to the mass of the fermion is small. We also consider the phase structure for the case of fermion pairing with imbalanced populations. Within the ansatz, thermodynamically stable gapless modes for both fermions and anti fermions are seen for strong coupling in the BEC regime. We further investigate the effect of fluctuations of the condensate field by treating it as a dynamical field and generalize the BCS ansatz to include quanta of the condensate field also in a boson fermion model with quartic self interaction of the condensate field. It is seen that the critical temperature decreases with inclusion of fluctuations.Comment: 18 pages, 13 figures, one more section added, title modified, version to appear in Phys Rev