4,530 research outputs found

    Property in the Moral Life of Human Beings

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    AbstractLiberal egalitarian political philosophers have often argued that private property is a legal convention dependent on the state and that complaints about taxation from entitlement theorists are therefore based on a conceptual mistake. But our capacity to grasp and use property concepts seems too embedded in human nature for this to be correct. This essay argues that many standard arguments that property is constitutively a legal convention fail, but that the opposition between conventionalists and natural rights theorists is outmoded. In doing this, the essay draws on recent literature in evolutionary biology and psychology. Even though modern property in a complex society involves legal conventions, those conventions should be sensitive to our natural dispositions concerning ownership.</jats:p

    Realism, Moralism, Models and Institutions

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    Lightning in the eastern Alps 1993-1999, part I: Thunderstorm tracks

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    International audienceThunderstorm tracks in the eastern Alps for the summers of 1993-1999 are investigated based on lightning data. The tracking method consists of three steps. Step one filters weak storms. Step two fixes the positions of the single cells, which are then connected. The wind at 700hPa, which approximates the steering level of the thunderstorms, is used to distinguish between six weather patterns. Maps including all discovered tracks are discussed for each flow type. While locations from which thunderstorms originate are almost similar, the track patterns are distinct for each flow type. Main initiation areas are mountain ranges of moderate altitude (?2.5km MSL) from where most of the tracks lead into flat areas

    A New Species of Chironomus From Jamaica (Chironomidæ)

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    Indication of electron neutrino appearance from an accelerator-produced off-axis muon neutrino beam

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    The T2K experiment observes indications of nu(mu) -> nu(mu) e appearance in data accumulated with 1.43 x 10(20) protons on target. Six events pass all selection criteria at the far detector. In a three-flavor neutrino oscillation scenario with |Delta m(23)(2)| = 2.4 x 10(-3) eV(2), sin(2)2 theta(23) = 1 and sin(2)2 theta(13) = 0, the expected number of such events is 1.5 +/- 0.3(syst). Under this hypothesis, the probability to observe six or more candidate events is 7 x 10(-3), equivalent to 2.5 sigma significance. At 90% C.L., the data are consistent with 0.03(0.04) < sin(2)2 theta(13) < 0.28(0.34) for delta(CP) = 0 and a normal (inverted) hierarchy

    QCD Tests in High Energy Collisions

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    Recent measurements and theoretical developments on the hadronic final state in deep-inelastic scattering, pp and ee collisions are presented

    Assessment of the 2,4 km run as a predictor of aerobic capacity

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    CITATION: Burger, S.C., Bertram, S.R. & Stewart, R.I. 1990. Assessment of the 2,4 km run as a predictor of aerobic capacity. S Afr Med J, 78(9):327-329.The original publication is available at http://www.samj.org.zaENGLISH ABSTRACT: Since the 2,4 km run time test is routinely used in military training programmes as an indicator of aerobic capacity and its possible improvement, an atemtp was made to: (i) establish a regression equation of VO2(max) v. 2,4 km run time in a group of 20 young military volunteers; and (ii) determine whether this equation could be used to predict VO2(max) reliably from the 2,4 km time obtained from another group. Before and after training, VO2(max) was measured in all subjects using a treadmill test, and 2,4 km run time was determined in the field. Linear regression equations using the 2,4 km run time as the independent variable accounted for 76-92% of the variance in VO2(max), while the standard error of the estimate varied from 2,24-2,91 ml/kg/min. In the second test group, the directly measured VO2(max) was 59,89 ± 0,99 ml/kg/min, while the mean values estimated from the regression equation of the first group was 59,61 ± 1,16 ml/kg/min (P< 0.001). It was concluded that, in the population studied, the 2,4 km run time in the field reliably predicts VO2(max) measured during treadmill exercise in the laboratory.AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Geen opsomming beskikbaarPublisher’s versio

    The cult of Isis in Italy under the Empire

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    1. Introductory. The Egyptian Isis - origin unknown - a primordial deity. Hieroglyphic texts prove her to have held a different position from all other goddesses, whose attributes she gradually absorbs until she becomes 2. The Hellenised Cult. " Le culte alexandrien qul se repandit dans le monde greco-romain sortait du Serapeum d'Alexandria. Policy of Ptolemy Soter aimed at a religion acceptable alike to Greeks and Egyptians. His methods. The next stage - Serapis = . osiris - Apis. The story of Ptolemy's dream in Plutarch De Is. et Os. 28 and Tac. Hist. 4. Establishment of the new cult in the Serapeum, its immediate success. Characteristics : 1. syncretism, 2. philosophy (Plutarch) 3. personal salvation and immortality as V offered by mysteries. 3. Diffusion. Very early communication between Italy and Egypt. Constantly increasing trade with E.Mediterranean. Introduced into Sicily and Delos, thence to Puteoli, from there finally to S. Italy, Naples and Pompeii. Chief media of dissemination were 1. merchants, 2. soldiers, 3. embassies, 4. Importation of Egyptians and others for menial work.( Tac. Ann. 14.44 ) 4.The Cult in Rome and Italy - reasons for popularity - festivals and mysteries with special reference to Plutarch and Apuleius. 5.The Cult in Rome and Italy. History from the founding of the College of Pastophores by Sulla in 80 B.C. to the destruction of the Serapeum at Alexandria in 391 A.D. 6.Relation to and analogies with Christianity. Why the exitiabilis | superstition finally triumphed. 7.Conclusion.<p

    Multilinear Wavelets: A Statistical Shape Space for Human Faces

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    We present a statistical model for 33D human faces in varying expression, which decomposes the surface of the face using a wavelet transform, and learns many localized, decorrelated multilinear models on the resulting coefficients. Using this model we are able to reconstruct faces from noisy and occluded 33D face scans, and facial motion sequences. Accurate reconstruction of face shape is important for applications such as tele-presence and gaming. The localized and multi-scale nature of our model allows for recovery of fine-scale detail while retaining robustness to severe noise and occlusion, and is computationally efficient and scalable. We validate these properties experimentally on challenging data in the form of static scans and motion sequences. We show that in comparison to a global multilinear model, our model better preserves fine detail and is computationally faster, while in comparison to a localized PCA model, our model better handles variation in expression, is faster, and allows us to fix identity parameters for a given subject.Comment: 10 pages, 7 figures; accepted to ECCV 201
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