19 research outputs found

### Explicit Free Parameterization of the Modified Tetrahedron Equation

The Modified Tetrahedron Equation (MTE) with affine Weyl quantum variables at
N-th root of unity is solved by a rational mapping operator which is obtained
from the solution of a linear problem. We show that the solutions can be
parameterized in terms of eight free parameters and sixteen discrete phase
choices, thus providing a broad starting point for the construction of
3-dimensional integrable lattice models. The Fermat curve points parameterizing
the representation of the mapping operator in terms of cyclic functions are
expressed in terms of the independent parameters. An explicit formula for the
density factor of the MTE is derived. For the example N=2 we write the MTE in
full detail. We also discuss a solution of the MTE in terms of bosonic
continuum functions.Comment: 28 pages, 3 figure

### Ansatz of Hans Bethe for a two-dimensional Bose gas

The method of q-oscillator lattices, proposed recently in [hep-th/0509181],
provides the tool for a construction of various integrable models of quantum
mechanics in 2+1 dimensional space-time. In contrast to any one dimensional
quantum chain, its two dimensional generalizations -- quantum lattices -- admit
different geometrical structures. In this paper we consider the q-oscillator
model on a special lattice. The model may be interpreted as a two-dimensional
Bose gas. The most remarkable feature of the model is that it allows the
coordinate Bethe Ansatz: the p-particles' wave function is the sum of plane
waves. Consistency conditions is the set of 2p equations for p one-particle
wave vectors. These "Bethe Ansatz" equations are the main result of this paper.Comment: LaTex2e, 12 page

### Ground states of Heisenberg evolution operator in discrete three-dimensional space-time and quantum discrete BKP equations

In this paper we consider three-dimensional quantum q-oscillator field theory
without spectral parameters. We construct an essentially big set of eigenstates
of evolution with unity eigenvalue of discrete time evolution operator. All
these eigenstates belong to a subspace of total Hilbert space where an action
of evolution operator can be identified with quantized discrete BKP equations
(synonym Miwa equations). The key ingredients of our construction are specific
eigenstates of a single three-dimensional R-matrix. These eigenstates are
boundary states for hidden three-dimensional structures of U_q(B_n^1) and
U_q(D_n^1)$.Comment: 13 page

### Quantum 2+1 evolution model

A quantum evolution model in 2+1 discrete space - time, connected with 3D
fundamental map R, is investigated. Map R is derived as a map providing a zero
curvature of a two dimensional lattice system called "the current system". In a
special case of the local Weyl algebra for dynamical variables the map appears
to be canonical one and it corresponds to known operator-valued R-matrix. The
current system is a kind of the linear problem for 2+1 evolution model. A
generating function for the integrals of motion for the evolution is derived
with a help of the current system. The subject of the paper is rather new, and
so the perspectives of further investigations are widely discussed.Comment: LaTeX, 37page

### The modified tetrahedron equation and its solutions

A large class of 3-dimensional integrable lattice spin models is constructed.
The starting point is an invertible canonical mapping operator in the space of
a triple Weyl algebra. This operator is derived postulating a current branching
principle together with a Baxter Z-invariance. The tetrahedron equation for
this operator follows without further calculations. If the Weyl parameter is
taken to be a root of unity, the mapping operator decomposes into a matrix
conjugation and a C-number functional mapping. The operator of the matrix
conjugation satisfies a modified tetrahedron equation (MTE) in which the
"rapidities" are solutions of a classical integrable Hirota-type equation. The
matrix elements of this operator can be represented in terms of the
Bazhanov-Baxter Fermat curve cyclic functions, or alternatively in terms of
Gauss functions. The paper summarizes several recent publications on the
subject.Comment: 24 pages, 6 figures using epic/eepic package, Contribution to the
proceedings of the 6th International Conference on CFTs and Integrable
Models, Chernogolovka, Spetember 2002, reference adde

### The vertex formulation of the Bazhanov-Baxter Model

In this paper we formulate an integrable model on the simple cubic lattice.
The $N$ -- valued spin variables of the model belong to edges of the lattice.
The Boltzmann weights of the model obey the vertex type Tetrahedron Equation.
In the thermodynamic limit our model is equivalent to the Bazhanov -- Baxter
Model. In the case when $N=2$ we reproduce the Korepanov's and Hietarinta's
solutions of the Tetrahedron equation as some special cases.Comment: 20 pages, LaTeX fil

### Quantum geometry of 3-dimensional lattices

We study geometric consistency relations between angles on 3-dimensional (3D)
circular quadrilateral lattices -- lattices whose faces are planar
quadrilaterals inscribable into a circle. We show that these relations generate
canonical transformations of a remarkable ``ultra-local'' Poisson bracket
algebra defined on discrete 2D surfaces consisting of circular quadrilaterals.
Quantization of this structure leads to new solutions of the tetrahedron
equation (the 3D analog of the Yang-Baxter equation). These solutions generate
an infinite number of non-trivial solutions of the Yang-Baxter equation and
also define integrable 3D models of statistical mechanics and quantum field
theory. The latter can be thought of as describing quantum fluctuations of
lattice geometry. The classical geometry of the 3D circular lattices arises as
a stationary configuration giving the leading contribution to the partition
function in the quasi-classical limit.Comment: 27 pages, 10 figures. Minor corrections, references adde

### Permutation-type solutions to the Yang-Baxter and other n-simplex equations

We study permutation type solutions to n-simplex equations, that is,
solutions whose R matrix can be written as a product of delta- functions
depending linearly on the indices. With this ansatz the D^{n(n+1)} equations of
the n-simplex equation reduce to an [n(n+1)/2+1]x[n(n+1)/2+1] matrix equation
over Z_D. We have completely analyzed the 2-, 3- and 4-simplex equations in the
generic D case. The solutions show interesting patterns that seem to continue
to still higher simplex equations.Comment: 20 pages, LaTeX2e. to appear in J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. (1997

### Tetrahedron and 3D reflection equations from quantized algebra of functions

Soibelman's theory of quantized function algebra A_q(SL_n) provides a
representation theoretical scheme to construct a solution of the Zamolodchikov
tetrahedron equation. We extend this idea originally due to Kapranov and
Voevodsky to A_q(Sp_{2n}) and obtain the intertwiner K corresponding to the
quartic Coxeter relation. Together with the previously known 3-dimensional (3D)
R matrix, the K yields the first ever solution to the 3D analogue of the
reflection equation proposed by Isaev and Kulish. It is shown that matrix
elements of R and K are polynomials in q and that there are combinatorial and
birational counterparts for R and K. The combinatorial ones arise either at q=0
or by tropicalization of the birational ones. A conjectural description for the
type B and F_4 cases is also given.Comment: 26 pages. Minor correction