1,948 research outputs found

    Interacting clusters and their environment

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    Central regions of superclusters are the ideal places where to study cluster merging phenomena: in fact the accretion activity is enhanced, as predicted by the cosmological simulations. In this paper I review the case-study of the Shapley Concentration, aimed to understand the effect of major mergings on the intracluster medium and the galaxy population of the involved clusters.Comment: Invited talk IAU Colloquium 195 - "Outskirts of Galaxy Clusters: intense life in the suburbs". The figures here are available only in jpeg forma

    Star Formation and AGN in the Core of the Shapley Supercluster: A VLA Survey of A3556, A3558, SC1327-312, SC1329-313, and A3562

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    The core of the Shapley supercluster (A3556, A3558, SC1327-312, SC1329-313, and A3562) is an ideal region in which to study the effects of cluster mergers on the activity of individual galaxies. This paper presents the most comprehensive radio continuum investigation of the region, relying on a 63-pointing mosaic obtained with the Very Large Array yielding an areal coverage of nearly 7 square degrees. The mosaic provides a typical sensitivity of about 80 uJy at a resolution of 16", enabling detection of galaxies with star formation rates as low as 1 solar mass per year. The radio data are complemented by optical imaging in B and R, producing a catalog of 210 radio-detected galaxies with m_R <= 17.36 (M_R <= -19). At least 104 of these radio-detected galaxies are members of the supercluster on the basis of public velocity measurements. Across the entire core of the supercluster, there appears to be a significant deficit of radio galaxies at intermediate optical magnitudes (M_R between -21 and -22). This deficit is offset somewhat by an increase in the frequency with which brighter galaxies (M_R less than -22) host radio sources. More dramatic is the highly significant increase in the probability for fainter galaxies (M_R between -20 and -21) in the vicinity of A3562 and SC1329-313 to be associated with radio emission. The radio and optical data for these sources strongly suggest that these active galaxies are powered by star formation. In conjunction with recent X-ray analysis, this is interpreted as young starbursts related to the recent merger of SC1329-313 with A3562 and the rest of the supercluster.Comment: Accepted by AJ; 50 pages, including 16 figures (for full resolution PDF, see http://mywebpages.comcast.net/nealamiller2/Shapley_pp.pdf

    Radio Properties of the Shapley Concentration. III. Merging Clusters in the A3558 Complex

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    We present the results of a 22 cm radio survey carried out with the A3558 complex, a chain formed by the merging ACO clusters A3556-A3558-A3562 and thetwo groups SC1327-312 and SC1323-313, located in the central region of the complex, a chain formed by the merging ACO clusters A3556-A3558-A3562 and the two groups SC1327-312 and SC1323-313, located in the central region of the Shapley Concentration. The purpose of our survey is to study the effects of cluster mergers on the statistical properties of radio galaxies and to investigate the connection between mergers and the presence of radio halos and relic sources. We found that the radio source counts in the A3558 complex are consistent with the background source counts. Furthermore, we found that no correlation exists between the local density and the radio source power, and that steep spectrum radio galaxies are not segregated in denser optical regions. The radio luminosity function for elliptical and S0 galaxies is significantly lower than that for cluster type galaxies and for those not selected to be in clusters at radio powers logP(1.4) > 22.5, implying that the probability of a galaxy becoming a radio source above this power limit is lower in the Shapley Concentration compared with any other environment. The detection of a head-tail source in the centre of A3562, coupled with careful inspection of the 20 cm NRAO VLA Sky Survey (NVSS) and of 36 cm MOST observations, allowed us to spot two extended sources in the region between A3562 and SC1329-313, i.e. a candidate radio halo at the centre of A3562, and low brightness extended emission around a 14.96 magnitude Shapley galaxy.Comment: 18 pages, 14 figures. Accepted for publication on MNRA

    The cluster relic source in A521

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    We present high sensitivity radio observations of the merging cluster A521, at a mean redsfhit z=0.247. The observations were carried out with the GMRT at 610 MHz and cover a region of ∌\sim1 square degree, with a sensitivity limit of 1σ1\sigma = 35 ÎŒ\muJy b−1^{-1}. The most relevant result of these observations is the presence of a radio relic at the cluster periphery, at the edge of a region where group infalling into the main cluster is taking place. Thanks to the wealth of information available in the literature in the optical and X-ray bands, a multi--band study of the relic and its surroundings was performed. Our analysis is suggestive of a connection between this source and the complex ongoing merger in the A521 region. The relic might be ``revived' fossil radio plasma through adiabatic compression of the magnetic field or shock re--acceleration due to the merger events. We also briefly discussed the possibility that this source is the result of induced ram pressure stripping of radio lobes associated with the nearby cluster radio galaxy J0454--1016a. Allowing for the large uncertainties due to the small statistics, the number of radio emitting early--type galaxies found in A521 is consistent with the expectations from the standard radio luminosity function for local (z≀\le0.09) cluster ellipticals.Comment: 30 pages 8 figures, 5 tables, accepted by New Astronom

    A substructure analysis of the A3558 cluster complex

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    The "algorithm driven by the density estimate for the identification of clusters" (DEDICA, Pisani 1993, 1996) is applied to the A3558 cluster complex in order to find substructures. This complex, located at the center of the Shapley Concentration supercluster, is a chain formed by the ACO clusters A3556, A3558 and A3562 and the two poor clusters SC 1327-312 and SC 1329-313. We find a large number of clumps, indicating that strong dynamical processes are active. In particular, it is necessary to use a fully three-dimensional sample(i.e. using the galaxy velocity as third coordinate) in order to recover also the clumps superimposed along the line of sight. Even if a great number of detected substructures were already found in a previous analysis (Bardelli et al. 1998), this method is more efficient and faster when compared with the use of a wide battery of tests and permits the direct estimate of the detection significance. Almost all subclusters previously detected by the wavelet analyses found in the literature are recognized by DEDICA. On the basis of the substructure analysis, we also briefly discuss the origin of the A3558 complex by comparing two hypotheses: 1) the structure is a cluster-cluster collision seen just after the first core-core encounter; 2) this complex is the result of a series of incoherent group-group and cluster-group mergings, focused in that region by the presence of the surrounding supercluster. We studied the fraction of blue galaxies in the detected substructures and found that the bluest groups reside between A3562 and A3558, i.e. in the expected position in the scenario of the cluster-cluster collision.Comment: 10 pages with 12 encapsulated figures; MNRAS in pres