11,846 research outputs found

    Toward an Ab-initio Description of Quasiparticle Properties

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    Preliminary ab-initio applications of many-body Green's functions theory to the ground state of He-4 suggest that high accuracy can be achieved in the so-called Faddeev-random-phase-approximation method. We stress the potentialities of this approach for microscopic studies of medium-large nuclei and report applications to 1s0d and 1p0f-shell nuclei. In particular, we discuss the role of long-range correlations on spectroscopic factors and their dependence on asymmetry.Comment: Minor corrections and references added -- Proceedings of the Varenna conference, June 15-19, 200

    Many-body Propagator Theory with Three-Body Interactions: a Path to Exotic Open Shell Isotopes

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    Ab-initio predictions of nuclei with masses up to A~100 or more is becoming possible thanks to novel advances in computations and in the formalism of many-body physics. Some of the most fundamental issues include how to deal with many-nucleon interactions, how to calculate degenerate--open shell--systems, and pursuing ab-initio approaches to reaction theory. Self-consistent Green's function (SCGF) theory is a natural approach to address these challenges. Its formalism has recently been extended to three- and many-body interactions and reformulated within the Gorkov framework to reach semi-magic open shell isotopes. These exciting developments, together with the predictive power of chiral nuclear Hamiltonians, are opening the path to understanding large portions of the nuclear chart, especially within the sdsd and pfpf shells. The present talk reviews the most recent advances in ab-initio nuclear structure and many-body theory that have been possible through the SCGF approach.Comment: 17 pages, 11 figures; Proceeding of the 17th International Conference on Recent Progress in Many-Body-Theories; Journal of Physics: Conference Series (JPCS). Very minor corrections, published versio

    Study of the 16O(p,gamma) Reaction at Astrophysical Energies

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    The Feshbach theory of the optical potential naturally leads to a microscopic description of scattering in terms of the many-body self-energy. We consider a recent calculation of this quantity for 16O and study the possibility of applying it at astrophysical energies. The results obtained for the phase shifts and the 16O(p,\gamma) capture suggest that such studies are feasible but the calculations require some improvement geared to this specific task.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures; Proceedings of Nuclei In The Cosmos VIII, to appear in Nucl. Phys.

    Effects of Rescattering in (e,e'p) Reactions within a Semiclassical Model

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    The contribution of rescattering to final state interactions in (e,e'p) cross sections is studied for medium and high missing energies using a semiclassical model. This approach considers two-step processes that lead to the emission of both nucleons. The effects of nuclear transparency are accounted for in a Glauber inspired approach and the dispersion effects of the medium at low energies are included. It is found that rescattering is strongly reduced in parallel kinematics. At high missing energy and momenta, the distortion of the short-range correlated tail of the spectral function is dominated by a rearrangement of that strength itself. In perpendicular kinematics, a further enhancement of the experimental yield is due to strength that is originally in the mean field region. This contribution becomes negligible at large missing momenta.Comment: 10 pages, 9 figures. Minor corrections: improved figures and few comments adde

    Nuclear electromagnetic dipole response with the Self-Consistent Green's Function formalism

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    Microscopic calculations of the electromagnetic response of medium-mass nuclei are now feasible thanks to the availability of realistic nuclear interactions with accurate saturation and spectroscopic properties, and the development of large-scale computing methods for many-body physics. The purpose is to compute isovector dipole electromagnetic (E1) response and related quantities, i.e. integrated dipole cross section and polarizability, and compare with data from photoabsorption and Coulomb excitation experiments. The single-particle propagator is obtained by solving the Dyson equation, where the self-energy includes correlations non-perturbatively through the Algebraic Diagrammatic Construction (ADC) method. The particle-hole (phph) polarization propagator is treated in the Dressed Random Phase Approximation (DRPA), based on an effective correlated propagator that includes some 2p2h2p2h effects but keeps the same computation scaling as the standard Hartree-Fock propagator. The E1 responses for 14,16,22,24^{14,16,22,24}O, 36,40,48,52,54,70^{36,40,48,52,54,70}Ca and 68^{68}Ni have been computed: the presence of a soft dipole mode of excitation for neutron-rich nuclei is found, and there is a fair reproduction of the low-energy part of the experimental excitation spectrum. This is reflected in a good agreement with the empirical dipole polarizability values. For a realistic interaction with an accurate reproduction of masses and radii up to medium-mass nuclei, the Self-Consistent Green's Function method provides a good description of the E1 response, especially in the part of the excitation spectrum below the Giant Dipole Resonance. The dipole polarizability is largely independent from the strategy of mapping the dressed propagator to a simplified one that is computationally manageableComment: 14 pages, 12 figure

    3C 345: the historical light curve (1967-1990) from the digitized plates of the Asiago Observatory

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    In the frame of a large project to digitize the plate archives of the Italian and Vatican Astronomical Observatories, we have already performed the digitization of all available plates of the field of the quasar 3C345. The plates, approximately 100, were taken with the three telescopes of the Asiago Observatory (122 cm, 182 cm, 67/90 cm Schmidt Telescope) in the period from 1967 to 1990. We present here essentially new data, mostly in the B band, about the variability of 3C 345 and also of other four objects (3 quasars and the active galaxy NGC 6212) in the same field, in that period. Beyond the well known 3C 345 itself, also the other three quasars show variability, with a range of 2.0 mag for Q1 and Q2, 1 mag for Q3. The low level variability detected for the nucleus of NGC 6212 is more suspicious, and should be confirmed by linear detector data.Comment: 8 pages, 9 figures, 7 tables, submitted to MNRA

    Self-consistent Green's function calculation of 16O at small missing energies

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    Calculations of the one-hole spectral function of 16O for small missing energies are reviewed. The self-consistent Green's function approach is employed together with the Faddeev equations technique in order to study the coupling of both particle-particle and particle-hole phonons to the single-particle motion. The results indicate that the characteristics of hole fragmentation are related to the low-lying states of 16O and an improvement of the description of this spectrum, beyond the random phase approximation, is required to understand the experimental strength distribution. A first calculation in this direction that accounts for two-phonon states is discussed.Comment: Proceedings of ``Nuclear Forces and the Quantum Many-Body Problem'', INT, Oct. 4-8, 200
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