902 research outputs found

    Boundary effects on localized structures in spatially extended systems

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    We present a general method of analyzing the influence of finite size and boundary effects on the dynamics of localized solutions of non-linear spatially extended systems. The dynamics of localized structures in infinite systems involve solvability conditions that require projection onto a Goldstone mode. Our method works by extending the solvability conditions to finite sized systems, by incorporating the finite sized modifications of the Goldstone mode and associated nonzero eigenvalue. We apply this method to the special case of non-equilibrium domain walls under the influence of Dirichlet boundary conditions in a parametrically forced complex Ginzburg Landau equation, where we examine exotic nonuniform domain wall motion due to the influence of boundary conditions.Comment: 9 pages, 5 figures, submitted to Physical Review

    Complex sine-Gordon-2: a new algorithm for multivortex solutions on the plane

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    We present a new vorticity-raising transformation for the second integrable complexification of the sine-Gordon equation on the plane. The new transformation is a product of four Schlesinger maps of the Painlev\'{e}-V to itself, and allows a more efficient construction of the nn-vortex solution than the previously reported transformation comprising a product of 2n2n maps.Comment: Part of a talk given at a conference on "Nonlinear Physics. Theory and Experiment", Gallipoli (Lecce), June-July 2004. To appear in a topical issue of "Theoretical and Mathematical Physics". 7 pages, 1 figur

    Localised nonlinear modes in the PT-symmetric double-delta well Gross-Pitaevskii equation

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    We construct exact localised solutions of the PT-symmetric Gross-Pitaevskii equation with an attractive cubic nonlinearity. The trapping potential has the form of two ╬┤\delta-function wells, where one well loses particles while the other one is fed with atoms at an equal rate. The parameters of the constructed solutions are expressible in terms of the roots of a system of two transcendental algebraic equations. We also furnish a simple analytical treatment of the linear Schr\"odinger equation with the PT-symmetric double-╬┤\delta potential.Comment: To appear in Proceedings of the 15 Conference on Pseudo-Hermitian Hamiltonians in Quantum Physics, May 18-23 2015, Palermo, Italy (Springer Proceedings in Physics, 2016

    Einstein-Infeld-Hoffman method and soliton dynamics in a parity noninvariant system

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    We consider slow motion of a pointlike topological defect (vortex) in the nonlinear Schrodinger equation minimally coupled to Chern-Simons gauge field and subject to external uniform magnetic field. It turns out that a formal expansion of fields in powers of defect velocity yields only the trivial static solution. To obtain a nontrivial solution one has to treat velocities and accelerations as being of the same order. We assume that acceleration is a linear form of velocity. The field equations linearized in velocity uniquely determine the linear relation. It turns out that the only nontrivial solution is the cyclotron motion of the vortex together with the whole condensate. This solution is a perturbative approximation to the center of mass motion known from the theory of magnetic translations.Comment: 6 pages in Latex; shortened version to appear in Phys.Rev.

    Exact vortex solutions of the complex sine-Gordon theory on the plane

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    We construct explicit multivortex solutions for the first and second complex sine-Gordon equations. The constructed solutions are expressible in terms of the modified Bessel and rational functions, respectively. The vorticity-raising and lowering Backlund transformations are interpreted as the Schlesinger transformations of the fifth Painleve equation.Comment: 10 pages, 1 figur

    Resonantly driven wobbling kinks

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    The amplitude of oscillations of the freely wobbling kink in the ¤Ľ4\phi^4 theory decays due to the emission of second-harmonic radiation. We study the compensation of these radiation losses (as well as additional dissipative losses) by the resonant driving of the kink. We consider both direct and parametric driving at a range of resonance frequencies. In each case, we derive the amplitude equations which describe the evolution of the amplitude of the wobbling and the kink's velocity. These equations predict multistability and hysteretic transitions in the wobbling amplitude for each driving frequency -- the conclusion verified by numerical simulations of the full partial differential equation. We show that the strongest parametric resonance occurs when the driving frequency equals the natural wobbling frequency and not double that value. For direct driving, the strongest resonance is at half the natural frequency, but there is also a weaker resonance when the driving frequency equals the natural wobbling frequency itself. We show that this resonance is accompanied by translational motion of the kink.Comment: 19 pages in a double-column format; 8 figure
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