15,392 research outputs found

    Canonical bases arising from quantum symmetric pairs

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    We develop a general theory of canonical bases for quantum symmetric pairs (\mathbf{U}, \mathbf{U}^\imath) with parameters of arbitrary finite type. We construct new canonical bases for the simple integrable U\mathbf{U}-modules and their tensor products regarded as \mathbf{U}^\imath-modules. We also construct a canonical basis for the modified form of the ı\imathquantum group \mathbf{U}^\imath. To that end, we establish several new structural results on quantum symmetric pairs, such as bilinear forms, braid group actions, integral forms, Levi subalgebras (of real rank one), and integrality of the intertwiners.Comment: v1, 76 pages. v2, 62 pages, much shortened appendix, modified introduction and other corrections, to appear in Invent. Mat

    Block Spin Ground State and 3-Dimensionality of (K,Tl)Fe1.6_{1.6}Se2_2

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    The magnetic properties and electronic structure of (K,Tl)y Fe1.6 Se2 is studied using first-principles calculations. The ground state is checkerboard antiferromagnetically coupled blocks of the minimal Fe4 squares, with a large block spin moment ~11.2{\mu}B . The magnetic interactions could be modelled with a simple spin model involving both the inter- and intra-block, as well as the n.n. and n.n.n. couplings. The calculations also suggest a metallic ground state except for y = 0.8 where a band gap ~400 - 550 meV opens, showing an antiferromagnetic insulator ground state for (K,Tl)0.8 Fe1.6 Se2 . The electronic structure of the metallic (K,Tl)y Fe1.6 Se2 is highly 3-dimensional with unique Fermi surface structure and topology. These features indicate that the Fe-vacancy ordering is crucial to the physical properties of (K,Tl)y Fe2-x Se2 .Comment: Magnetic coupling constants double checked, journal ref. adde

    Isospin Diffusion in Heavy-Ion Collisions and the Neutron Skin Thickness of Lead

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    The correlation between the thickness of the neutron skin in Pb-208, and the degree of isospin diffusion in heavy-ion collisions is examined. The same equation of state is used to compute the degree of isospin diffusion in an isospin-depedent transport model and the neutron skin thickness in the Hartree-Fock approximation. We find that skin thicknesses less than 0.15 fm are excluded by the isospin diffusion data.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures; few minor corrections and updates; version to appear in PR

    Triton-3He relative and differential flows and the high density behavior of nuclear symmetry energy

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    Using a transport model coupled with a phase-space coalescence after-burner we study the triton-3He relative and differential transverse flows in semi-central 132Sn+124Sn reactions at a beam energy of 400 MeV/nucleon. We find that the triton-3He pairs carry interesting information about the density dependence of the nuclear symmetry energy. The t-3He relative flow can be used as a particularly powerful probe of the high-density behavior of the nuclear symmetry energy.Comment: 6 pages, 2 figures, Proceeding of The International Workshop on Nuclear Dynamics in Heavy-Ion Reactions and the Symmetry Energ

    Constraining the Skyrme effective interactions and the neutron skin thickness of nuclei using isospin diffusion data from heavy ion collisions

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    Recent analysis of the isospin diffusion data from heavy-ion collisions based on an isospin- and momentum-dependent transport model with in-medium nucleon-nucleon cross sections has led to the extraction of a value of L=88±25L=88\pm 25 MeV for the slope of the nuclear symmetry energy at saturation density. This imposes stringent constraints on both the parameters in the Skyrme effective interactions and the neutron skin thickness of heavy nuclei. Among the 21 sets of Skyrme interactions commonly used in nuclear structure studies, the 4 sets SIV, SV, Gσ_\sigma, and Rσ_\sigma are found to give LL values that are consistent with the extracted one. Further study on the correlations between the thickness of the neutron skin in finite nuclei and the nuclear matter symmetry energy in the Skyrme Hartree-Fock approach leads to predicted thickness of the neutron skin of 0.22±0.040.22\pm 0.04 fm for 208^{208}Pb, 0.29±0.040.29\pm 0.04 fm for 132^{132}Sn, and 0.22±0.040.22\pm 0.04 fm for 124^{124}Sn.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figures, 1 Table, Talk given at 1) International Conference on Nuclear Structure Physics, Shanghai, 12-17 June, 2006; 2) 11th China National Nuclear Structure Physics Conference, Changchun, Jilin, 13-18 July, 200

    A Note on Topological M5-branes and String-Fivebrane Duality

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    We derive the stability conditions for the M5-brane in topological M-theory using kappa-symmetry. The non-linearly self-dual 3-form on the world-volume is necessarily non-vanishing, as is the case also for the 2-form field strengths on coisotropic branes in topological string theory. It is demonstrated that the self-duality is consistent with the stability conditions, which are solved locally in terms of a tensor in the representation 6 of SU(3) in G_2. The double dimensional reduction of the M5-brane is the D4-brane, and its direct reduction is an NS5-brane. We show that the equation of motion for the 3-form on the NS5-brane wrapping a Calabi-Yau space is exactly the Kodaira-Spencer equation, providing support for a string-fivebrane duality in topological string theory.Comment: 11 pp, plain te

    Laboratory studies of photodissociation processes relevant to the formation of cometary radicals

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    The strength of the C2(d 3 Pi g yields a 3 Pi u) Swan band emission in the spectra of cometary comae identifies this species as a prominent constituent of the coma gas. It was previously suggested that the formation of cometary C2 proceeds via the secondary photolysis of the C2H radical. The detection of C2H in the interstellar medium and the recent analysis of the radial variation in C2(delta V=O) surface brightness of Comet Halley support the postulate that C2 is a third-generation molecule. Measurement of the C2 and C2H translational energy distributions produced from the multiphoton dissociation (MPD) of acetylene at 193 nm are identified . Time-resolved FTIR emission studies of the nascent C2H radical formed in the C2H2 yields C2H + H reaction verify that this species is produced both vibrationally and electronically excited. A survey of the internal energy distributions of the C2 fragments produced from the MPD of acetylene using a high intensity ArF laser is currently in progress in the laboratory. Recent experiments have focused on the measurement of rotational energy distribution for the C2(A 1 Pi u, a 3 Pi u) fragments. The C2(a 3 Pi u) detection capability is currently being improved by performing this experiment in a molecular beam, thus allowing for discrimination between initial emission and laser-induced fluorescence (LIF). Although the experiments performed to date provide considerable evidence in support of C2H yields C2 + H reaction, there is an important distinction to be made when comparing the laboratory conditions to those typically found in comets. The C2H radicals generated in the laboratory experiments are formed vibrationally and/or electronically excited. Any rotationally/vibrationally excited C2H present in cometary comae will quickly undergo radiative relaxation in the infrared to their lowest rotational and vibrational state. Experiments are currently under way to confirm the cometary formation of C2 via the VUV dissociation of cold C2H

    Efficacy of crustal superfluid neutrons in pulsar glitch models

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    In order to assess the ability of purely crust-driven glitch models to match the observed glitch activity in the Vela pulsar, we conduct a systematic analysis of the dependence of the fractional moment of inertia of the inner crustal neutrons on the stiffness of the nuclear symmetry energy at saturation density LL. We take into account both crustal entrainment and the fact that only a fraction YgY_{\rm g} of the core neutrons may couple to the crust on the glitch-rise timescale. We use a set of consistently-generated crust and core compositions and equations-of-state which are fit to results of low-density pure neutron matter calculations. When entrainment is included at the level suggested by recent microscopic calculations and the core is fully coupled to the crust, the model is only able to account for the Vela glitch activity for a 1.4MM_{\odot} star if the equation of state is particularly stiff L>100L>100 MeV. However, an uncertainty of about 10\% in the crust-core transition density and pressure allows for the Vela glitch activity to be marginally accounted for in the range L3060L\approx30-60MeV consistent with a range of experimental results. Alternatively, only a small amount of core neutrons need be involved. If less than 50\% of the core neutrons are coupled to the crust during the glitch, we can also account for the Vela glitch activity using crustal neutrons alone for EOSs consistent with the inferred range of LL. We also explore the possibility of Vela being a high-mass neutron star, and of crustal entrainment being reduced or enhanced relative to its currently predicted values.Comment: 10 pages, 6 figure
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