10,359 research outputs found

    Relations of Turkey with the European Union a candidate forever?

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    This paper primarily addresses three aspects of Turkish-EU relations: the first section of the study gives an overview of the history of Turkey’s relations with and the EEC/EC/ EU in the period between 1959 and 2008, focusing on “the Ankara Agreement” of 1964 (or the Association Agreement). With that agreement, which was supplemented and specified by an “Additional Protocol” in 1973, Turkey began what has become one of the longest-lasting association agreements. The second section will elaborate on the diffi–culties and serious disputes that have arisen between Turkey and the EU, and particu–larly on the current discussion of Turkey’s membership. Finally, in light of the remark–able political and economic changes taking place in the international and the European arena, we will draw some lessons from the past in order to make some predictions about the path Turkish-EU relations may follow in the future

    Prospects for Turkey’s role in international politics at the beginning of the 21st century

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    The purpose of this working paper is to discuss Turkey’s new role in international politics at the beginning of the 21st Century and to analyse the main political and economic challenges for the country to become a regional power of medium size. The paper has three main parts. The first provides a brief overview of the main characteristics of Turkey’s international relations during the Cold War period. Then it examines Turkey’s present economic and political development in order to identify its basic handicaps and the pre-conditions necessary for becoming a regional power. The final section focuses on the future prospects of Turkey’s place in the international order. Turkey’s international relations after the Second World War were mainly determined by three interdependent factors: (1) national security; (2) economic cooperation; and (3) the country’s full integration into ‘Western civilisation’ through the so-called ‘Europeanisation process’

    The role of Turkey in the European energy market

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    The essay in this Med-Agenda aims to examine the role of Turkey in the global energy market within the context of European Energy Security. In the essay we have attempted to answer the following questions: What will the future role of Turkey be in the global energy market? As is usually argued, can Turkey play a leading role as an energy hub or an energy corridor/transit land in the European Union’s energy security? As conclusion we may argue that Russia will continue to match the European demand for natural gas by diversifying transportation routes in the coming decades. For the time being, Turkey can take a part in Gastrom energy policy and European energy security as a transit land and in the meanwhile can cover its own consumption demand for energy

    Turkey's competitiveness in the European Union: A comparison with five candidate countries - Bulgaria, The Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania - and the EU15

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    The main purpose of this paper is to examine the international competitiveness of the Turkish economy and the structure of specialisation in foreign trade in comparison with the five EU candidate countries Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania, Poland and the EU/15. This research work attempts to find out Turkey's ability to overcome difficulties and challenges that might arise from the hard competition with the enlarged EU, mainly in the field of foreign trade.International Competitiveness of Turkish Economy, EU 15, EU Candidate Countries