1,397 research outputs found

### Some new results on irradiation characteristics of synthetic quartz crystals and their application to radiation hardening

The paper reports some new results on irradiation characteristics of synthetic quartz crystals and their application to radiation hardening. The present results show how the frequency shift in quartz crystals can be influenced by heat processing prior to irradiation and how this procedure can lead to radiation hardening for obtaining precise frequencies and time intervals from quartz oscillators in space

### Some new results on the frequency characteristics on quartz crystals irradiated by ionizing and particle radiations

The frequency behavior of AT-cut quartz crystals irradiated by X -, gamma rays and fast neutrons. Initial instability in frequency for gamma and neutron irradiated crystals was found. All the different radiations first give a negative frequency shift at lower doses which are followed by positive frequency shift for increased doses. Results are explained in terms of the fundamental crystal structure. Applications of the frequency results for radiation hardening are proposed

### A note on quantiles in large samples

This article does not have an abstract

### A note on the fundamental identity of sequential analysis

This article does not have an abstract

### Topological phase transition and two dimensional topological insulators in Ge-based thin films

We discuss possible topological phase transitions in Ge-based thin films of
Ge(Bi$_x$Sb$_{1-x}$)$_2$Te$_4$ as a function of layer thickness and Bi
concentration $x$ using the first principles density functional theory
framework. The bulk material is a topological insulator at $x$ = 1.0 with a
single Dirac cone surface state at the surface Brillouin zone center, whereas
it is a trivial insulator at $x$ = 0. Through a systematic examination of the
band topologies we predict that thin films of Ge(Bi$_x$Sb$_{1-x}$)$_2$Te$_4$
with $x$ = 0.6, 0.8 and 1.0 are candidates for two-dimensional (2D) topological
insulators, which would undergo a 2D topological phase transition as a function
of $x$. A topological phase diagram for Ge(Bi$_x$Sb$_{1-x}$)$_2$Te$_4$ thin
films is presented to help guide their experimental exploration.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figures, Accepted for publication in Physical Review B
(2012

### Classification into two multivariate normal distributions with different covariance matrices

Linear procedures for classifying an observation as coming from one of two multivariate normal distributions are studied in the case that the two distributions differ both in mean vectors and covariance matrices. We find the class of admissible linear procedures, which is the minimal complete class of linear procedures. It is shown how to construct the linear procedure which minimizes one probability of misclassification given the other and how to obtain the minimax linear procedure; Bayes linear procedures are also discussed

### Large deviations of the sample mean in general vector spaces

Let X1, X2, ··· be a sequence of i.i.d. random vectors taking values in a space V, let X-n = (X1 + ··· + Xn)/n, and for J ⊂ V let an(J) = n-1log P(X-n∈ J). A powerful theory concerning the existence and value of limn→∞ an(J) has been developed by Lanford for the case when V is finite-dimensional and X1 is bounded. The present paper is both an exposition of Lanford's theory and an extension of it to the general case. A number of examples are considered; these include the cases when X1 is a Brownian motion or Brownian bridge on the real line, and the case when X-n is the empirical distribution function based on the first n values in an i.i.d. sequence of random variables (the Sanov problem)

### Preparation and Study of Charge Transfer Complexes of N.N.N.N-Tetra-Methyl-Para-Phenylene-Diamine (TMPD) with NG, Tetryl, RDX and HMX

Charge transfer complexes of NG tetryl, RDX and HMX as electron acceptors with tetra-methyl-para-phenylene-diamine (TMPD) as electron donor were prepared and studied. When the solution of nitro-explosives in an inert solvent were added to a solution of TMPD, an intense violet colour was produced. This colour is due to the formation of TMPD cation known as Wurster radical formed from TMPD through the loss of an electron. It has been shown that one mole of each of NG, tetryl, RDX and HMX is needed to form oneTMPD cation. These complexes have also been studied by ultra-violet and infrared spectroscopy

- …