4 research outputs found

    Deep Learning at Scale

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    Datasheet1_Convolutional neural network (CNN)-enabled electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis: a comparison between standard twelve-lead and single-lead setups.pdf

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    BackgroundArtificial intelligence (AI) has shown promise in the early detection of various cardiac conditions from a standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). However, the ability of AI to identify abnormalities from single-lead recordings across a range of pathological conditions remains to be systematically investigated. This study aims to assess the performance of a convolutional neural network (CNN) using a single-lead (D1) rather than a standard 12-lead setup for accurate identification of ECG abnormalities.MethodsWe designed and trained a lightweight CNN to identify 20 different cardiac abnormalities on ECGs, using data from the PTB-XL dataset. With a relatively simple architecture, the network was designed to accommodate different combinations of leads as input (ResultsThe CNN based on single-lead ECG (D1) outperformed the one based on the standard 12-lead framework [with an average percentage difference of the area under the curve (AUC) of −8.7%]. Notably, for certain diagnostic classes, there was no difference in the diagnostic AUC between the single-lead and the standard 12-lead setups. When a second lead was detected in the CNN in addition to D1, the AUC gap was further reduced to an average percentage difference of −2.8% compared with that of the standard 12-lead setup.ConclusionsA relatively lightweight CNN can predict different classes of cardiac abnormalities from D1 alone and the standard 12-lead ECG. Considering the growing availability of wearable devices capable of recording a D1-like single-lead ECG, we discuss how our findings contribute to the foundation of a large-scale screening of cardiac abnormalities.</p

    Datasheet2_Convolutional neural network (CNN)-enabled electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis: a comparison between standard twelve-lead and single-lead setups.pdf

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    BackgroundArtificial intelligence (AI) has shown promise in the early detection of various cardiac conditions from a standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). However, the ability of AI to identify abnormalities from single-lead recordings across a range of pathological conditions remains to be systematically investigated. This study aims to assess the performance of a convolutional neural network (CNN) using a single-lead (D1) rather than a standard 12-lead setup for accurate identification of ECG abnormalities.MethodsWe designed and trained a lightweight CNN to identify 20 different cardiac abnormalities on ECGs, using data from the PTB-XL dataset. With a relatively simple architecture, the network was designed to accommodate different combinations of leads as input (ResultsThe CNN based on single-lead ECG (D1) outperformed the one based on the standard 12-lead framework [with an average percentage difference of the area under the curve (AUC) of −8.7%]. Notably, for certain diagnostic classes, there was no difference in the diagnostic AUC between the single-lead and the standard 12-lead setups. When a second lead was detected in the CNN in addition to D1, the AUC gap was further reduced to an average percentage difference of −2.8% compared with that of the standard 12-lead setup.ConclusionsA relatively lightweight CNN can predict different classes of cardiac abnormalities from D1 alone and the standard 12-lead ECG. Considering the growing availability of wearable devices capable of recording a D1-like single-lead ECG, we discuss how our findings contribute to the foundation of a large-scale screening of cardiac abnormalities.</p
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