2,632 research outputs found

    B2 1144+35B, a giant low power radio galaxy with superluminal motion. Orientation and evidence for recurrent activity

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    The goal of this work is a detailed study of the nearby, low power radio galaxy B2 1144+35B. For this purpose, we performed new Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) and Very Large Array (VLA) observations. This source has several properties (bright, nearby, large range of spatial structures, visible counterjet, etc.) that make it an excellent astrophysical laboratory for the study of the evolution of radio jets. Here we report the detection of motion in the counterjet at 0.23 ±\pm 0.07 c, which allows us to estimate the orientation of the parsec-scale jet at 33∘±7∘^\circ \pm 7^\circ from the line of sight, with an intrinsic velocity of (0.94−0.11+0.06^{+0.06}_{-0.11})c. We also report on a brightening of the core at high frequencies which we suggest could be the result of a new component emerging from the core. High dynamic range VLBA observations at 5 GHz reveal, for the first time, extended emission connecting the core with the bright complex of emission that dominates the flux density of the parsec scale structure at frequencies below 20 GHz. The evolution of this bright complex is considered and its slow decline in flux density is interpreted as the result of an interaction with the interstellar medium of the host galaxy.Comment: 7 pages, 6 b&w figures. A&A in pres

    Gorkov equations for a pseudo-gapped high temperature superconductor

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    A theory of superconductivity based on the two-body Cooperon propagator is presented. This theory takes the form of a modified Gorkov equation for the Green's function and allows one to model the effect of local superconducting correlations and long range phase fluctuations on the spectral properties of high temperature superconductors, both above and below Tc. A model is proposed for the Cooperon propagator, which provides a simple physical picture of the pseudo-gap phenomenon, as well as new insights into the doping dependence of the spectral properties. Numerical calculations of the density of states and spectral functions based on this model are also presented, and compared with the experimental STM and ARPES data. It is found, in particular, that the sharpness of the peaks in the density of states is related to the strength and the range of the superconducting correlations and that the apparent pseudo-gap in STM and ARPES can be different, although the underlying model is the same.Comment: REVTEX 3.1, 8 pages, 5 EPS figures, submitted to Phys. Rev.

    Dynamical suppression of non-adiabatic modes

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    Recent analyses of the WMAP 5-year data constrain possible non-adiabatic contributions to the initial conditions of CMB anisotropies. Depending upon the early dynamics of the plasma, the amplitude of the entropic modes can experience a different suppression by the time of photon decoupling. Explicit examples of the latter observation are presented both analytically and numerically when the post-inflationary dynamics is dominated by a stiff contribution.Comment: 9 pages, four figure

    VLBI observations of nearby radio loud Active Galactic Nuclei

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    We present an update of the parsec scale properties of the Bologna Complete Sample consisting of 95 radio sources from the B2 Catalog of Radio Sources and the Third Cambridge Revised Catalog (3CR), with z < 0.1. Thanks to recent new data we have now parsec scale images for 76 sources of the sample. Most of them show a one-sided jet structure but we find a higher fraction of two-sided sources in comparison with previous flux-limited VLBI surveys. A few peculiar sources are presented and discussed in more detail.Comment: 6 pages, 7 figures, Proceedings for "The Universe under the Microscope" (AHAR 2008), April 2008, to be published in Journal of Physics: Conference Series by Institute of Physics Publishing; R. Schoedel, A. Eckart, S. Pfalzner, and E. Ros ed

    A sample of low-redshift BL Lacertae objects. II. EVN and MERLIN data and multi-wavelength analysis

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    We present new radio observations of 9 members of a sample of 29 nearby (z < 0.2) BL Lac objects. The new data have been obtained with the European VLBI Network and/or the MERLIN at 1.6 and 5 GHz and complement previous observations. For one object, the TeV source Mrk 421, we also present deep multi-epoch VLBA and Global VLBI data, which reveal a resolved diffuse jet, with clear signatures of limb brightening. We use the new and old data to estimate physical parameters of the jets of the sample from which the subset with new radio data is drawn. We derive Doppler factors in the parsec scale radio jet in the range ~2 < delta < ~9. Using HST data, we separate the contribution of the host galaxy from that of the active core. From the measured and de-beamed observables, we find a weak correlation between radio power and black hole mass, and a tight correlation between radio and optical core luminosities. We interpret this result in terms of a common synchrotron origin, with little contribution from a radiatively efficient accretion disk. The BL Lacs in our sample have de-beamed properties similar to low power radio galaxies, including the fundamental plane of black hole activity.Comment: Accepted by ApJ. 17 page

    Last scattering, relic gravitons and the circular polarization of the CMB

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    The tensor contribution to the VV-mode polarization induced by a magnetized plasma at last scattering vanishes exactly. Conversely a polarized background of relic gravitons cannot generate a VV-mode polarization. The reported results suggest that, in the magnetized Λ\LambdaCDM paradigm, the dominant source of circular dichroism stems from the large-scale fluctuations of the spatial curvature.Comment: 8 pages, no figure
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