1,479 research outputs found

    Procurement and Predation: Dynamic Sourcing from Financially Constrained Suppliers

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    This paper studies the interaction between financially constrained and financially strong firms on a procurement market. It characterizes and discusses a procurement agency’s optimal response when faced with financially asymmetric firms. By considering a dynamic setting, both present and future consequences and incentives are taken into account

    Editor\u27s Welcome for Volume 2, Issue 1

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    The Relationship Between Prisoners’ Academic Self-efficacy and Participation in Education, Previous Convictions, Sentence Length, and Portion of Sentence Served

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    Prison education is an important aspect of adult education. The study investigated current participation in prison education, as well as previous convictions, sentence length, and the portion of sentence served as predictors of academic self-efficacy. Survey data derived from prisoners in all Norwegian prisons provided the empirical evidences for the analyses. A principal component analysis of a 40-item academic self-efficacy questionnaire revealed self-efficacy components in literacy, mathematics, ICT, and self-regulated learning. Educational participation had a positive influence on self-efficacy in both mathematics and self-regulated learning. Participants who reported no previous conviction scored higher than others did on self-efficacy in mathematics, self-regulated learning, and ICT. Furthermore, the results showed that perceived efficacy in ICT decreased with longer sentence length. Portion of sentence served was not significantly related to any of the four self-efficacy components. The findings are discussed with reference to a need for mastery experiences in prison and implications for policy and practic

    Symptoms of ADHD are related to education and work experience among incarcerated adults

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    Several reports document increased prevalence of attention deficit and hyperactivity (ADHD) and similar symptoms in incarcerated members of the community, but little is known about how the symptoms are related to education and work experience. An ongoing study among Norwegian inmates reveals that 60 % report signs of ADHD. In the present study a sample of 600 inmates incarcerated in Norway filled out a questionnaire including the WURS-k (Wender Utah Rating Scale, short form) and questions to survey completed education level and work experience. A clear relationship was found between the WURS-k score and earlier job-experience, with increased probability of ADHD with work experience from low socio-economic status jobs. The scale was also found to share variance with the inmates’ reported education history, as higher education reduces the probability of ADHD among the incarcerated adults. Thus, the WURS-k could be a useful screening instrument in education assessment among inmates. The link between the present findings and development of anti-social behaviour is discussed

    Editor\u27s Welcome for Volume 3, Issue 1

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    Welcome to the fall issue of volume 3 of the JPER. The spring issue appeared with a focus on women in prison. Brittnie Aiello and Krista McQueeney contributed an article on the implications for understanding motherhood as a mechanism of moral identity and social control. They discussed how incarcerated mothers constructed moral identities in the face of stigma of incarceration. Following an analysis of data from participant observation and in-depth interviews with incarcerated mothers, they discuss how mothers claim moral identities by embracing the identity of incarcerated mothers to reinforce the assumptions that motherhood is compulsory and should be reserved for women with enough money and standing to give their children advantages

    Hvordan oppfatter utenforstÄende flerkulturelt kontaktutvalg i Østfold Fylkeskommune? en ekstern evaluering

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    Flerkulturelt kontaktutvalg i Østfold fylkeskommune trÄdte i funksjon i 2007, som en forsÞksordning. Denne rapporten er utarbeidet pÄ oppdrag av Østfold fylkeskommune og inngÄr i en bredere evaluering av utvalget. Temaet for denne undersÞkelsen er hvordan relevante eksterne aktÞrer oppfatter utvalget. Rapporten bygger pÄ dokumentundersÞkelser av utvalgets mandat og arbeid, og intervjuer med 41 personer, hvorav 13 innvandrere, 20 medlemmer i flerkulturelle utvalg i kommunene, 14 deltakere pÄ utvalgets arrangementer, og 11 tilsatte i integreringsarbeidet. Respondentenes kunnskaper om utvalget viste seg Ä vÊre begrenset og utvalget fremsto som anonymt for de fleste. Men de fleste som hadde deltatt pÄ utvalgets arrangementer, hadde positive erfaringer. Rapporten peker pÄ at utvalget bÄde sikter mot Ä vÊre et organ som gir innvandrerne en stemme, og Ä vÊre et samarbeidsorgan for instanser som arbeider med integreringsspÞrsmÄl i fylket, uten helt Ä lykkes pÄ noen av disse to omrÄdene. Respondentene forteller om et behov for begge disse funksjonene. Rapporten anbefaler at fylkeskommunen skiller dem fra hverandre og rendyrker dem begge