642 research outputs found

    Clustering at high redshift

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    The addition of deep near infrared images to the database provided by the HDF-S WFPC2 is essential to monitor the SEDs of the objects on a wide baseline and address a number of key issues including the total stellar content of baryonic mass, the effects of dust extinction, the dependence of morphology on the rest frame wavelength, the photometric redshifts, the detection and nature of extremely red objects (EROs). For these reasons deep near infrared images were obtained with the ISAAC instrument at the ESO VLT in the Js, H and Ks bands reaching, respectively, 23.5, 22.0, 22.0 limiting Vega-magnitude. A multi-color (F300, F450, F606, F814, Js, H, Ks) photometric catalog of the HDF-S has been produced. Photometric redshifts have been generated both fitting templates to the observed SEDs and with neural network techniques. Spectroscopic observations of the 9 candidates with I_AB <24.25 have confirmed all of them to be galaxies with 2<z<3.5. The photometric redshifts for all the galaxies brighter than I_AB< 27.5 have been used to study the evolution of galaxy clustering in the interval 0<z<4.5.Comment: 2 pages Latex, To appear in the proceedings of "The mass of galaxies at low and high redshift", Venice, Oct 24-26, 2001,eds. R. Bender and A. Renzini (ESO Astrophysics Symposia, Springer-Verlag

    Studying the Evolution of Multi-Wavelength Emissivities with the Vimos VLT Deep Survey

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    The VIMOS VLT Deep Survey is a unique I-selected spectroscopic sample to study galaxies all the way from z=5 to z=0. We recapitulate the first results about the evolution of the galaxy populations as a function of type, morphology, environment and luminosity.Comment: 9 pages, 11 figures. To appear in the proceedings of the XLIst Rencontres de Moriond, XXVIth Astrophysics Moriond Meeting: "From dark halos to light", Eds. L.Tresse, S. Maurogordato and J. Tran Thanh Van (Editions Frontieres

    Comparing the Evolution of the Galaxy Disk Sizes with CDM Models: The Hubble Deep Field

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    The intrinsic sizes of the field galaxies with I<26 in the Hubble and ESO-NTT Deep Fields are shown as a function of their redshifts and absolute magnitudes using photometric redshifts derived from the multicolor catalogs and are compared with the CDM predictions. Extending to lower luminosities and to higher z our previous analysis performed on the NTT field alone, we find that the distribution of the galaxy disk sizes at different cosmic epochs is within the range predicted by typical CDM models. However, the observed size distribution of faint (M_B>-19) galaxies is skewed with respect to the CDM predictions and an excess of small-size disks (R_d<2 kpc) is already present at z~ 0.5. The excess persists up to z~3 and involves brighter galaxies . Such an excess may be reduced if luminosity-dependent effects, like starburst activity in interacting galaxies, are included in the physical mechanisms governing the star formation history in CDM models.Comment: 9 pages, 3 figures, ApJ Letters in pres

    The ESO-Sculptor Faint Galaxy Redshift Survey: The Photometric Sample

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    We present the photometric sample of a faint galaxy survey carried out in the southern hemisphere, using CCDs on the 3.60m and NTT-3.5m telescopes at La Silla (ESO). The survey area is a continuous strip of 0.2 deg x 1.53 deg located at high galactic latitude (-83 deg) in the Sculptor constellation. The photometric survey provides total magnitudes in the bands B, V (Johnson) and R (Cousins) to limiting magnitudes of 24.5, 24.0, 23.5 respectively. To these limits, the catalog contains about 9500, 12150, 13000 galaxies in B, V, R bands respectively and is the first large digital multi-colour photometric catalog at this depth. This photometric survey also provides the entry catalog for a fully-sampled redshift survey of ~ 700 galaxies with R < 20.5 (Bellanger et al. 1995). In this paper, we describe the photometric observations and the steps used in the data reduction. The analysis of objects and the star-galaxy separation with a neural network are performed using SExtractor, a new photometric software developed by E. Bertin (1996). The photometric accuracy of the resulting catalog is ~ 0.05 mag for R < 22. The differential galaxy number counts in B, V, R are in good agreement with previously published CCD studies and confirm the evidence for significant evolution at faint magnitudes as compared to a standard non evolving model (by factors 3.6, 2.6, 2.1). The galaxy colour distributions B-R, B-V of our sample show a blueing trend of ~ 0.5 mag between 21 < R < 23.5 in contrast to the V-R colour distribution where no significant evolution is observed.Comment: LATEX, 18 Postscript figures, 20 pages. To appear July 1997. Modified version of article. Abstract corrected for missing lin

    The Evolution of the Luminosity Function in Deep Fields: A Comparison with CDM Models

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    The galaxy Luminosity Function (LF) has been estimated in the rest frame B luminosity at 0<z<1.25 and at 1700 {\AA} for 2.5<z<4.5 from deep multicolor surveys in the HDF-N, HDF-S, NTT-DF. The results have been compared with a recent version of galaxy formation models in the framework of hierarchical clustering in a flat Cold Dark Matter Universe with cosmological constant. The results show a general agreement for z<= 1, although the model LF has a steeper average slope at the faint end; at z~3 such feature results in an overprediction of the number of faint (I_{AB}~ 27) galaxies, while the agreement at the bright end becomes critically sensitive to the details of dust absorption at such redshifts. The discrepancies at the faint end show that a refined treatement of the physical processes involving smaller galaxies is to be pursued in the models, in terms of aggregation processes and/or stellar feedback heavily affecting the luminosity of the low luminosity objects. The implications of our results on the evolution of the cosmological star formation rate are discussed.Comment: Revised version; corrected magnitudes at 1700 Angstrom in figure 2; ApJ

    The First VLT FORS1 spectra of Lyman-break candidates in the HDF-S and AXAF Deep Field

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    We report on low-resolution multi-object spectroscopy of 30 faint targets (R \~ 24-25) in the HDF-S and AXAF deep field obtained with the VLT Focal Reducer/low dispersion Spectrograph (FORS1). Eight high-redshift galaxies with 2.75< z < 4 have been identified. The spectroscopic redshifts are in good agreement with the photometric ones with a dispersion σz=0.07\sigma_z = 0.07 at z<2 and σz=0.16\sigma_z = 0.16 at z>2. The inferred star formation rates of the individual objects are moderate, ranging from a few to a few tens solar masses per year. Five out of the eight high-z objects do not show prominent emission lines. One object has a spectrum typical of an AGN. In the AXAF field two relatively close pairs of galaxies have been identified, with separations of 8.7 and 3.1 proper Mpc and mean redshifts of 3.11 and 3.93, respectively.Comment: 5 pages Latex, with 2 PostScript figures. Astronomy and Astrophysics, in pres