1,840 research outputs found

    From d- to p-wave pairing in the t-t' Hubbard model at zero temperature

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    We develop a DCA(PQMC) algorithm which employs the projective quantum Monte Carlo (PQMC) method for solving the equations of the dynamical cluster approximation (DCA) at zero temperature, and apply it for studying pair susceptibilities of the two-dimensional Hubbard-model with next-nearest neighbor hopping. In particular, we identify which pairing symmetry is dominant in the U-n parameter space (U: repulsive Coulomb interaction; n: electron density). We find that p_{x+y}- (d_{x^2-y^2}-) wave is dominant among triplet (singlet) pairings -at least for 0.3<n<0.8 and U<=4t. The crossover between d_{x^2-y^2}-wave and p_{x+y}-wave occurs around n~0.4.Comment: 5 pages 5 figures; two additional panels in Fig. 2; as to appear in Phys. Rev.

    Electronic Structure of Sodium Cobalt Oxide: Comparing Mono- and Bilayer-hydrate

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    To shed new light on the mechanism of superconductivity in sodium cobalt oxide bilayer-hydrate (BLH), we perform a density functional calculation with full structure optimization for BLH and its related nonsuperconducting phase, monolayer hydrate (MLH). We find that these hydrates have similar band structures, but a notable difference can be seen in the a1ga_{1g} band around the Fermi level. While its dispersion in the zz direction is negligibly small for BLH, it is of the order of 0.1 eV for MLH. This result implies that the three dimensional feature of the a1ga_{1g} band may be the origin for the absence of superconductivity in MLH.Comment: 5 pages, 7 figures, to be published in Phys. Rev.

    Matrix product solution to an inhomogeneous multi-species TASEP

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    We study a multi-species exclusion process with inhomogeneous hopping rates. This model is equivalent to a Markov chain on the symmetric group that corresponds to a random walk in the affine braid arrangement. We find a matrix product representation for the stationary state of this model. We also show that it is equivalent to a graphical construction proposed by Ayyer and Linusson, which generalizes Ferrari and Martin's construction

    Correlation effects on magnetic frustration in the triangular-lattice Hubbard model

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    Evolution of the magnetic response function in the triangular-lattice Hubbard model is studied with interaction strength within a systematic inverse-degeneracy expansion scheme which incorporates self-energy and vertex corrections and explicitly preserves the spin-rotation symmetry. It is shown that at half filling the response function goes through a nearly dispersionless regime around K for intermediate coupling strength, before undergoing an inversion at strong coupling, resulting in maximum response at the K point, consistent with the expected 120^o AF instability. Effects of finite hole/electron doping on the magnetic response function are also examined.Comment: 20 pages, 9 figure

    Remarks on the multi-species exclusion process with reflective boundaries

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    We investigate one of the simplest multi-species generalizations of the one dimensional exclusion process with reflective boundaries. The Markov matrix governing the dynamics of the system splits into blocks (sectors) specified by the number of particles of each kind. We find matrices connecting the blocks in a matrix product form. The procedure (generalized matrix ansatz) to verify that a matrix intertwines blocks of the Markov matrix was introduced in the periodic boundary condition, which starts with a local relation [Arita et al, J. Phys. A 44, 335004 (2011)]. The solution to this relation for the reflective boundary condition is much simpler than that for the periodic boundary condition

    Mechanism of charge transfer/disproportionation in LnCu3Fe4O12 (Ln: Lanthanides)

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    The Fe-Cu intersite charge transfer and Fe charge disproportionation are interesting phenomena observed in some LnCu3Fe4O12 (Ln: Lanthanides) compounds containing light and heavy Ln atoms, respectively. We show that a change in the spin state is responsible for the intersite charge transfer in the light Ln compounds. At the high spin state, such systems prefer an unusual Cu-d^8 configuration, whereas at the low spin state they retreat to the normal Cu-d^9 configuration through a charge transfer from Fe to Cu-3d_{xy} orbital. We find that the strength of the crystal field splitting and the relative energy ordering between Cu-3d_{xy} and Fe-3d states are the key parameters, determining the intersite charge transfer (charge disproportionation) in light (heavy) Ln compounds. It is further proposed that the size of Ln affects the onsite interaction strength of Cu-3d states, leading to a strong modification of the Cu-L_3 edge spectrum, as observed by the X-ray absorption spectroscopy.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures, 1 table. To appear in PR

    Orbital-selective Mott-Hubbard transition in the two-band Hubbard model

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    Recent advances in the field of quantum Monte Carlo simulations for impurity problems allow --within dynamical mean field theory-- for a more thorough investigation of the two-band Hubbard model with narrow/wide band and SU(2)-symmetric Hund's exchange. The nature of this transition has been controversial, and we establish that an orbital-selective Mott-Hubbard transition exists. Thereby, the wide band still shows metallic behavior after the narrow band became insulating -not a pseudogap as for an Ising Hund's exchange. The coexistence of two solutions with metallic wide band and insulating or metallic narrow band indicates, in general, first-order transitions.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures; 2nd version as published in Phys. Rev. B (R); minor corrections, putting more emphasis on differences in spectra when comparing SU(2) and Ising Hund's exchang
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