3,748 research outputs found

    Theory and phenomenology of non-global logarithms

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    We discuss the theoretical treatment of non-global observables, those quantities that are sensitive only to radiation in a restricted region of phase space, and describe how large `non-global' logarithms arise when we veto the energy flowing into the restricted region. The phenomenological impact of non-global logarithms is then discussed, drawing on examples from event shapes in DIS and energy-flow observables in 2-jet systems. We then describe techniques to reduce the numerical importance of non-global logarithms, looking at clustering algorithms in energy flow observables and the study of associated distribution of multiple observables.Comment: Based on talks presented at the XXXVIIIth Rencontres de Moriond 'QCD and high-energy hadronic interactions', 8 page

    Machine Protection for the Experiments of the LHC

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    The LHC stored beam contains 362 MJ of energy at the top beam energy of 7 TeV/c, presenting a significant risk to the components of the machine and the detectors. In response to this threat, a sophisticated system of machine protection has been developed to minimize the danger, and detect potentially dangerous situations. In this paper, the protection of the experiments in the LHC from the machine is considered, focusing on pilot beam strikes on the experiments during injection and on the dynamics of hardware failure with a circulating beam, with detailed time-domain calculations performed for LHC ring power converter failures and magnet quenches. The prospects for further integration of the machine protection and experimental protection systems are considered, along with the risk to nearbeam detectors from closed local bumps

    The FLUKA Model of IR8

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    The study of machine induced background (MIB), the radiation environment and beam dynamics of the LHC requires a detailed model of the machine tunnel, elements and electromagnetic fields. In this note, a specially created model of IR8 in FLUKA is described, including the tunnel, vacuum chambers, magnets, collimators, injection elements and shielding. The inclusion of all relevant machine elements in the LSS of IR8 results in a very flexible model suitable for a large variety of calculations and studies. The validation of the model is discussed, and some example applications described

    Gaps between Jets in the High Energy Limit

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    We use perturbative QCD to calculate the parton level cross section for the production of two jets that are far apart in rapidity, subject to a limitation on the total transverse momentum Q0 in the interjet region. We specifically address the question of how to combine the approach which sums all leading logarithms in Q/Q0 (where Q is the jet transverse momentum) with the BFKL approach, in which leading logarithms of the scattering energy are summed. This paper constitutes progress towards the simultaneous summation of all important logarithms. Using an "all orders" matching, we are able to obtain results for the cross section which correctly reproduce the two approaches in the appropriate limits.Comment: 29 pages, 9 figures, minor corrections to text and improved figure

    Biology and control of the hackberry nipple and blister gall makers

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    Life history and control of the juniper tip midge, Oligotrophus apicis Appleby and Neiswander

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    A Quantum-Bayesian Route to Quantum-State Space

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    In the quantum-Bayesian approach to quantum foundations, a quantum state is viewed as an expression of an agent's personalist Bayesian degrees of belief, or probabilities, concerning the results of measurements. These probabilities obey the usual probability rules as required by Dutch-book coherence, but quantum mechanics imposes additional constraints upon them. In this paper, we explore the question of deriving the structure of quantum-state space from a set of assumptions in the spirit of quantum Bayesianism. The starting point is the representation of quantum states induced by a symmetric informationally complete measurement or SIC. In this representation, the Born rule takes the form of a particularly simple modification of the law of total probability. We show how to derive key features of quantum-state space from (i) the requirement that the Born rule arises as a simple modification of the law of total probability and (ii) a limited number of additional assumptions of a strong Bayesian flavor.Comment: 7 pages, 1 figure, to appear in Foundations of Physics; this is a condensation of the argument in arXiv:0906.2187v1 [quant-ph], with special attention paid to making all assumptions explici

    Integration of the Forward Detectors inside the LHC Machine

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    Several forward detectors have been installed in the LHC long straight sections located on each side of the experimental caverns. Most of these detectors have been designed by the LHC experiments to study the forward physics while some of them are dedicated to the measurement of the LHC luminosity. The integration and the installation of the forward detectors have required an excellent coordination between the experiments and the different CERN groups involved into the design and the installation of the LHC accelerator. In some cases the integration of these detectors has required a modification of the standard beam lines in order to maximise their physics potential. Finally, additional systems have been installed in the LHC tunnel to ensure the operation of the forward detectors in a high radiation environment

    The 2mrad horizontal crossing angle IR layout for a TeV ILC

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    The current status of the 2mrad crossing angle layout for the ILC is reviewed. The scheme developed in the UK and France is described and the performance discussed for a TeV machine. Secondly, the scheme developed at SLAC and BNL is then studied and modified for a TeV machine. We find that both schemes can handle the higher energy beam with modifications, and share many common features.Comment: The proceedings of the 2005 International Linear Collider Workshop, March 2005. 4 pages, 5 figure
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