1,098 research outputs found

### Idling Magnetic White Dwarf in the Synchronizing Polar BY Cam. The Noah-2 Project

Results of a multi-color study of the variability of the magnetic cataclysmic
variable BY Cam are presented. The observations were obtained at the Korean
1.8m and Ukrainian 2.6m, 1.2m and 38-cm telescopes in 2003-2005, 56
observational runs cover 189 hours. The variations of the mean brightness in
different colors are correlated with a slope dR/dV=1.29(4), where the number in
brackets denotes the error estimates in the last digits. For individual runs,
this slope is much smaller ranging from 0.98(3) to 1.24(3), with a mean value
of 1.11(1). Near the maximum, the slope becomes smaller for some nights,
indicating more blue spectral energy distribution, whereas the night-to-night
variability has an infrared character. For the simultaneous UBVRI photometry,
the slopes increase with wavelength from dU/dR=0.23(1) to dI/dR=1.18(1). Such
wavelength dependence is opposite to that observed in non-magnetic cataclysmic
variables, in an agreement to the model of cyclotron emission. The principal
component analysis shows two (with a third at the limit of detection)
components of variablitity with different spectral energy distribution, which
possibly correspond to different regions of emission. The scalegram analysis
shows a highest peak corresponding to the 200-min spin variability, its quarter
and to the 30-min and 8-min QPOs. The amplitudes of all these components are
dependent on wavelength and luminosity state. The light curves were fitted by a
statistically optimal trigonometrical polynomial (up to 4-th order) to take
into account a 4-hump structure. The dependences of these parameters on the
phase of the beat period and on mean brightness are discussed. The amplitude of
spin variations increases with an increasing wavelength and with decreasing
brightnessComment: 30pages, 11figures, accepted in Cent.Eur.J.Phy

### Spectral and polarization dependencies of luminescence by hot carriers in graphene

The luminescence caused by the interband transitions of hot carriers in
graphene is considered theoretically. The dependencies of emission in mid- and
near-IR spectral regions versus energy and concentration of hot carriers are
analyzed; they are determined both by an applied electric field and a gate
voltage. The polarization dependency is determined by the angle between the
propagation direction and the normal to the graphene sheet. The characteristics
of radiation from large-scale-area samples of epitaxial graphene and from
microstructures of exfoliated graphene are considered. The averaged over angles
efficiency of emission is also presented.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figure

### Electric instability in superconductor-normal conductor ring

Non-linear electrodynamics of a ring-shaped Andreev interferometer
(superconductor-normal conductor-superconductor hybrid structure) inductively
coupled to a circuit of the dissipative current is investigated. The
current-voltage characteristics (CVC) is demonstrated to be a series of loops
with several branches intersecting in the CVC origin. The sensitivity of the
transport current to a change of the applied external magnetic flux can be
comparable to the one of the conventional SQUID's. Spontaneous arising of
coupled non-linear oscillations of the transport current, the Josephson current
and the magnetic flux in Andreev interferometers are also predicted and
investigated. The frequency of these oscillations can be varied in a wide
range, while the maximal frequency can reach $\omega_{max} \sim 10^{12}$
$sec^{-1}$.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

### Theory, Politics... and History? Early post-war Soviet Control Engineering

A fascinating feature of post-war control engineering in the former Soviet Union was the rÃ´le played by the study of the history of the discipline. Even before and during World War II some Soviet control scientists were actively researching the history of their subject; while after the war, historical studies played an important part both in technical developments and in legitimating a native Russian tradition. Two of the most important figures in this historical activity were A. A. Andronov and I. N. Voznesenskii, whose contributions are briefly considered

### Secondary electron emission yield in the limit of low electron energy

Secondary electron emission (SEE) from solids plays an important role in many
areas of science and technology.1 In recent years, there has been renewed
interest in the experimental and theoretical studies of SEE. A recent study
proposed that the reflectivity of very low energy electrons from solid surface
approaches unity in the limit of zero electron energy2,3,4, If this was indeed
the case, this effect would have profound implications on the formation of
electron clouds in particle accelerators,2-4 plasma measurements with
electrostatic Langmuir probes, and operation of Hall plasma thrusters for
spacecraft propulsion5,6. It appears that, the proposed high electron
reflectivity at low electron energies contradicts to numerous previous
experimental studies of the secondary electron emission7. The goal of this note
is to discuss possible causes of these contradictions.Comment: 3 pages, contribution to the Joint INFN-CERN-EuCARD-AccNet Workshop
on Electron-Cloud Effects: ECLOUD'12; 5-9 Jun 2012, La Biodola, Isola d'Elba,
Ital

### Hyperbolic Chaos of Turing Patterns

We consider time evolution of Turing patterns in an extended system governed
by an equation of the Swift-Hohenberg type, where due to an external periodic
parameter modulation long-wave and short-wave patterns with length scales
related as 1:3 emerge in succession. We show theoretically and demonstrate
numerically that the spatial phases of the patterns, being observed
stroboscopically, are governed by an expanding circle map, so that the
corresponding chaos of Turing patterns is hyperbolic, associated with a strange
attractor of the Smale-Williams solenoid type. This chaos is shown to be robust
with respect to variations of parameters and boundary conditions.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

### Solving the difference initial-boundary value problems by the operator exponential method

We suggest a modification of the operator exponential method for the
numerical solving the difference linear initial boundary value problems. The
scheme is based on the representation of the difference operator for given
boundary conditions as the perturbation of the same operator for periodic ones.
We analyze the error, stability and efficiency of the scheme for a model
example of the one-dimensional operator of second difference

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