2,254 research outputs found

    Extended non-chiral quark models confronting QCD

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    We discuss the low energy effective action of QCD in the quark sector. When it is built at the CSB (chiral symmetry breaking) scale by means of perturbation theory it has the structure of a generalized Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model with CSB due to attractive forces in the scalar channel. We show that if the lowest scalar meson state is sufficiently lighter than the heavy pseudoscalar π\pi' then QCD favors a low-energy effective theory in which higher dimensional operators (of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio type) are dominated and relatively strong. A light scalar quarkonium (mσ=500÷600m_\sigma = 500 \div 600 MeV) would provide an evidence in favor to this NJL mechanism. Thus the non-chiral Quasilocal Quark Models (QQM) in the dynamical symmetry-breaking regime are considered as approximants for low-energy action of QCD. In the mean-field (large-N_c) approach the equation on critical coupling surface is derived. The mass spectrum of scalar and pseudoscalar excited states is calculated in leading-log approach which is compatible with the truncation of the QCD effective action with few higher-dimensional operators. The matching to QCD based on the Chiral Symmetry Restoration sum rules is performed and it helps to select out the relevant pattern of CSB as well as to enhance considerably the predictability of this approach.Comment: 10 pages, Latex, talk at the Workshop HADRON 99, Coimbra, Portuga

    Spontaneous parity violation in extreme conditions: an effective lagrangian analysis

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    We investigate how large baryon densities (and possibly high temperatures) may induce spontaneous parity violation in the composite meson sector of vector-like gauge theory (presumably QCD or techni-QCD) . The analysis at intermediate energy scales is done by using an extended σ\sigma-model lagrangian that includes two scalar and two pseudoscalar multiplets and fulfills low-energy constraints for vector-like gauge theories. We elaborate on a novel mechanism of parity breaking based on the interplay between lightest and heavier meson condensates, which therefore cannot be realized in the simplest σ\sigma model. The results are relevant for an idealized homogeneous and infinite nuclear (quark or techniquark) matter where the influence of density can be examined with the help of a constant chemical potential. The model is able to describe satisfactorily the first-order phase transition to stable nuclear matter, and predicts a second-order phase transition to a state where parity is spontaneously broken. We argue that the parity breaking phenomenon is quite generic when a large enough chemical potential is present. Current quark masses are explicitly taken into account in this work and shown not to change the general conclusions.Comment: 24 pages, substantial revisio

    Meson mass spectrum and OPE: matching to the large-N_c QCD

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    The relations between masses and decay constants of variety of meson resonances in the energy range 0--3 GeV are verified from the string-like, linear mass spectrum for vector, axial-vector, scalar and pseudoscalar mesons with a universal slope. The way to match the universality with the Operator Product Expansion (OPE) is proposed. The necessity of small deviations from linearity in parameterization of the meson mass spectrum and their decay constants is proven from matching to OPE.Comment: 4 pages, more refs added, Talk at V Int. Conference "Quark Confinement and the Hadron Spectrum", 10-14 Sept. 2002, Garda Lake, Ital

    Systems with Higher-Order Shape Invariance: Spectral and Algebraic Properties

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    We study a complex intertwining relation of second order for Schroedinger operators and construct third order symmetry operators for them. A modification of this approach leads to a higher order shape invariance. We analyze with particular attention irreducible second order Darboux transformations which together with the first order act as building blocks. For the third order shape-invariance irreducible Darboux transformations entail only one sequence of equidistant levels while for the reducible case the structure consists of up to three infinite sequences of equidistant levels and, in some cases, singlets or doublets of isolated levels.Comment: 18 pages, LaTeX, editorial page is remove