375 research outputs found

    Comment on "Design of acoustic devices with isotropic material via conformal transformation" [Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 044101 (2010)]

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    The paper presents incorrect formulas for the density and bulk modulus under a conformal transformation of coordinates. The fault lies with an improper assumption of constant acoustic impedance.Comment: 1 pag

    Pure shear axes and elastic strain energy

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    It is well known that a state of pure shear has distinct sets of basis vectors or coordinate systems: the principal axes, in which the stress is diagonal, and pure shear bases, in which diag(stress)=0. The latter is commonly taken as the definition of pure shear, although a state of pure shear is more generally defined by tr(stress)=0. New results are presented that characterize all possible pure shear bases. A pair of vector functions are derived which generate a set of pure shear basis vectors from any one member of the triad. The vector functions follow from compatibility condition for the pure shear basis vectors, and are independent of the principal stress values. The complementary types of vector basis have implications for the strain energy of linearly elastic solids with cubic material symmetry: for a given state of stress or strain, the strain energy achieves its extreme values when the material cube axes are aligned with principal axes of stress or with a pure shear basis. This implies that the optimal orientation for a given state of stress is with one or the other vector basis, depending as the stress is to be minimized or maximized, which involves the sign of one material parameter.Comment: 11 pages, 1 figur

    Poisson's ratio in cubic materials

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    Expressions are given for the maximum and minimum values of Poisson's ratio ν\nu for materials with cubic symmetry. Values less than -1 occur if and only if the maximum shear modulus is associated with the cube axis and is at least 25 times the value of the minimum shear modulus. Large values of ν|\nu| occur in directions at which the Young's modulus is approximately equal to one half of its 111 value. Such directions, by their nature, are very close to 111. Application to data for cubic crystals indicates that certain Indium Thallium alloys simultaneously exhibit Poisson's ratio less than -1 and greater than +2.Comment: 20 pages, 6 figure