246 research outputs found

    Longitudinal Assessment of Critical Thinking Skills Across a Dental Curriculum

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    Peer Reviewedhttps://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/153614/1/jddjde018088.pd

    Association Between Dental Student√Ę Developed Exam Questions and Learning at Higher Cognitive Levels

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    Peer Reviewedhttps://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/153610/1/jddj0022033720157911tb06025x.pd

    Developing a Framework for Population Health in Interprofessional Training: An Interprofessional Education Module

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    Interprofessional education (IPE) is based on the concept that health professional students are best trained on the skills, knowledge, and attitudes that promote population health when they learn with and about others from diverse health science fields. Previously, IPE has focused almost exclusively on the clinical context. This study piloted and evaluated an IPE learning experience that emphasizes population health in a sample of public health undergraduate students. We hypothesized that students who completed the 2-hour online asynchronous module would better understand the value of public health's role in interprofessional teams, the benefit of interprofessional teamwork in improving health outcomes, and the value of collaborative learning with other interprofessional students. Students engaged in pre- and post-training assessments and individual reflections throughout the module. Sixty-seven undergraduate public health students completed the module and assessments. After completion, a greater proportion strongly agreed that students from different health science disciplines should be educated in the same setting to form collaborative relationships with one another (19 vs. 39% before and after completion, respectively). A greater proportion also strongly agreed that care delivered by an interprofessional team would benefit the health outcomes of a patient/client after the training (60 vs. 75% before and after, respectively). Mean scores describing how strongly students agreed with the above two statements significantly increased post-training. A greater proportion of students strongly agreed that incorporating the public health discipline as part of an interprofessional team is crucial to address the social determinants of health for individual health outcomes after taking the training (40 vs. 55% before and after, respectively). There was little change in attitudes about the importance of incorporating public health as part of an interprofessional team to address social determinants of health for population health outcomes, which were strongly positive before the training. Most students reported being satisfied with the module presentation and felt their understanding of interprofessional practice improved. This training may be useful for students from all health disciplines to recognize the benefits of engaging with and learning from public health students and to recognize the important role of public health in interprofessional practices

    Discovery and Annotation of Two Phages that Infect Microbacterium foliorum: Tedro and Bajuniper

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    We isolated and purified Tedro and BAjuniper which infect the host Microbacterium foliorium. Tedro is a lytic, cluster EF phage isolated from soil collected in Hawarden, Iowa. Its genome is 56,197 bp long, circularly permuted, and includes 83 protein-coding genes and no tRNA genes. We are examining two of Tedro’s genes, genes 56 and 57, both of which are predicted to encode a DnaE-like DNA polymerase III (alpha) in more detail. Tedro_57 is twice as large as Tedro_56 so we are using additional bioinformatic tools to understand these genes. BAjuniper was isolated from soil collected in a garden in Orange City, Iowa. Its genome is 41,985 bp long. It was assigned to cluster EB. BAjuniper’s genome includes one tRNA gene and we will finalize BAjuniper’s annotation shortly

    Impact of COVID-19 Infection During Pregnancy on Neonatal Birth Outcomes

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    Approximately 116 million births have been reported worldwide in the nine months following the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Currently, the effects of COVID-19 infection during pregnancy on birth outcomes are not fully understood. An IRB-approved study enrolled 115 mothers since March 2020, 5 of whom had a confirmed history of COVID-19 infection during pregnancy. For each COVID-19-infected mother, two mothers of similar age, gestation period, and race who were not infected with COVID-19 during pregnancy were matched 2-to-1 for a case-control analysis. Descriptive statistics were generated, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare continuous variables between the two groups. Fisher’s Exact test was used to evaluate categorical outcomes between the groups. Phttps://digitalcommons.unmc.edu/surp2021/1007/thumbnail.jp
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