91 research outputs found

    Coupling Matrix Representation of Nonreciprocal Filters Based on Time Modulated Resonators

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    This paper addresses the analysis and design of non-reciprocal filters based on time modulated resonators. We analytically show that time modulating a resonator leads to a set of harmonic resonators composed of the unmodulated lumped elements plus a frequency invariant element that accounts for differences in the resonant frequencies. We then demonstrate that harmonic resonators of different order are coupled through non-reciprocal admittance inverters whereas harmonic resonators of the same order couple with the admittance inverter coming from the unmodulated filter network. This coupling topology provides useful insights to understand and quickly design non-reciprocal filters and permits their characterization using an asynchronously tuned coupled resonators network together with the coupling matrix formalism. Two designed filters, of orders three and four, are experimentally demonstrated using quarter wavelength resonators implemented in microstrip technology and terminated by a varactor on one side. The varactors are biased using coplanar waveguides integrated in the ground plane of the device. Measured results are found to be in good agreement with numerical results, validating the proposed theory

    Analysis of Finite Microstrip Structures Using an Efficient Implementation of the Integral Equation Technique

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    An efficient numerical implementation of the Integral Equation technique (IE) has been developed for the analysis of the electrical characteristics of finite microstrip structures. The technique formulates a volume version of the IE for the finite dielectric objects, and a standard surface IE technique for the metallic areas. The system of integral equations formu- lated are solved with special numerical techniques described in this paper. The input impedances of several microstrip antennas have been computed, showing good agreement with respect mea- surements. The technique has shown to be accurate even for complex geometries containing several stacked dielectric layers. The radiation patterns of the structures have also been com- puted, and measured results from real manufactured hardware confirm that backside radiation and secondary lobes are accurately predicted by the theoretical model. The paper also discuss a suitable excitation model for finite size ground planes, and investigates the possibilities for an independent meshing of the metallic areas and the dielectric objects inside a given geom- etry. The practical value of the approach derived is that microstrip circuits can be designed minimizing the volume and size of the dielectric substrates.This work has been supported bythe Spanish National Project ESP2001-4546-PE, and RegionalSeneca Project PB/4/FS/02

    Synthesis and design of suspended substrate stripline filters for digital microwave power amplifiers

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    In this paper, a synthesis method for suspended substrate stripline filters for digital microwave power amplifier applications is presented. The synthesis method combines a lumped element and full-wave mixed approach in a very efficient way. In order to achieve high amplifier efficiency the filter must exhibit a high input impedance in the stopband. This has been implemented for the first time by using a capacitively end coupled filter combined with stepped impedance resonators. A third order filter was designed. Simulations show that the final stage drain efficiency of the power amplifier and suppression of out-of-band frequency components can be significantly improved when the new structure is used
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