6 research outputs found

    Predicting Distress in Islamic Banks: The Effectiveness of Capital Measures in CAMELS Framework

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    This study aims to identify key capital adequacy measures and other parameters that effectively predict distress in Islamic banks taking a panel of 65 banks from 13 countries between 2008-2017 using logistic regression model. The paper also intends to see whether simpler ratios perform better than more complex, risk weighted measures in predicting distress in these banks. A total of nine alternative capital and leverage indicators are used in the model that mainly rely on financial and accounting data, which are supplemented by the addition of market leverage for listed banks. In order to capture variability in cross country analysis and impact of economic conditions and shocks, the study also adds several macroeconomic indicators in the model. The results suggest that most of the standard CAMELS indicators are relevant for studying distress in Islamic banks. Further, it is shown that three other capital ratios – Tier 1, tangible common ratio and market leverage - are equally effective in studying Islamic bank failures. The findings, however, reflect that Basel III leverage ratio and other accounting-based ratios do not offer effective early warning signals of Islamic bank stress. Overall, equity based risk-weighted capital ratios offer a more robust framework of regulation and supervision in Islamic banks

    Exploring sustainability from the Islamic finance perspective

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    The article explores a sample of papers on Islamic finance and sustainability to define some streams of literature on this topic. The paper aims to validate whether it is possible to interpret the multitude of contributions on the subject in three different research streams that consider environmental, economic, and social sustainability. The research conducts a structured literature review on 73 articles extracted from Scopus. The bibliometric analysis revealed the descriptive statistics on this field and the main themes through the authors’ keywords. The different perspectives showed the multicultural nature of the topic, which is not only addressed by Islamic countries. Moreover, it made it possible to find correspondence in the theorisation underlying the article and to categorise the topics covered by the authors

    Determinants of capital structure decisions among publicly listed Islamic banks

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    This research aims to examine bank specific, market and regulatory determinants of leverage and capital structure based on a panel data of publicly listed Islamic banks in 12 countries over the peri-od 2008-2017. Apart from testing standard corporate finance parameters using both OLS and M-Estimators, this study adds several idiosyncratic and regulatory environment related determinants of leverage unique to Islamic banks. The significance of potential determinants is tested for market and book leverage as well as newly introduced ‘Islamic banking leverage’. Overall, the results show that Islamic banks with higher growth opportunities, tangibility, low profitability and low risk are likely to have a high leverage. Similarly, the findings suggest important role played by debt market conditions, share of investment accounts and regulatory environment in such decisions, providing an evidence of the significance of trade-off and pecking order theory in capital structure in Islamic banks. The results are more robust for market and Islamic banking leverage, rather than book leverage. The findings offer insights to regulators, standard setters and especially Islamic banks regarding parameters to strengthen their capital, enhance resilience and thus contribute to the stability of relevant financial. This paper is among the few extant studies that focus on listed Islamic banks and tests de-terminants based on stock market data

    The external environment driving internal organizational change: empirical evidence from commercial banks’ adoption of Islamic financial transactions in Libya

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    This paper examines the Libyan commercial banks’ adoption of Islamic financial transactions to achieve a real value for stakeholders related to internal environmental adaptation. Accordingly, a questionnaire was designed and distributed to 14 commercial banks in Libya. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) has been employed for testing the hypotheses. In the context of hypothesized modeling, the conceptual framework portrayed the constructs of the variables employed in the study to be Libyan commercial banks’ adoption of financial transactions as the dependent variable and the external environment as factors driving organizational change as the independent variable. The adaptation of the commercial banks’ internal environment acts as a mediating variable. The Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) is applied to the relationship between measures of constructs and indicators. The results showed that the estimations of maximum likelihood (ML) were satisfactory. The results of SEM showed that commercial banks’ adoption of Islamic financial transactions is more related to their capability of adapting their internal environment than achieving an economic and social value of stakeholders. Finally, the article provides future research directions on commercial banks’ ability to adapt to their internal environment to drive change and commercial banks’ adoption of Islamic financial transactions

    Developing conceptual framework for zakat distribution impact on social welfare using financial technology and its implications on sustainable development goals (SDGs) in OIC countries

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    Although an Islamic social finance including zakat witness upsurge development in the size which was reached to 2trillionin2015andexpectedtoexceed2 trillion in 2015 and expected to exceed 3 trillion by 2020, there is lack of transparency and timely reporting which resulted in a mismatch between zakat data collection and distribution. This is due to the lack of adoption the Financial technology spe-cifically block chain and artificial intelligence system in zakat management to facilitate prop-er, timely and effective reporting in all OIC countries. Therefore, this research aims to pro-pose a ‘Islamic Social Welfare Financial Technology’ (ISW FinTech) as an innovative frame-work that assess zakat institutions operational efficiency and effective reporting of zakat col-lection, transparency and efficient distribution. This model will guide zakat management and distribution policies and practices as part of Islamic Social Welfare. It will establish transpar-ent and reliable system that will increase confidence and trust in the society on zakat collec-tion. With a more effective system it will accelerate poverty alleviation initiatives and achieve SDGs among OIC countries