64 research outputs found

    Magnetocrystalline anisotropy of Fe and Co slabs and clusters on SrTiO_3\_3 by first-principles

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    In this work, we present a detailed theoretical investigation of the electronic and magnetic properties of ferromagnetic slabs and clusters deposited on SrTiO_3\_3 via first-principles, with a particular emphasis on the magneto-crystalline anisotropy (MCA). We found that in the case of Fe films deposited on SrTiO_3\_3 the effect of the interface is to quench the MCA whereas for Cobalt we observe a change of sign of the MCA from in-plane to out-of-plane as compared to the free surface. We also find a strong enhancement of MCA for small clusters upon deposition on a SrTiO_3\_3 substrate. The hybridization between the substrate and the dd-orbitals of the cluster extending in-plane for Fe and out-of-plane for Co is at the origin of this enhancement of MCA. As a consequence, we predict that the Fe nanocrystals (even rather small) should be magnetically stable and are thus good potential candidates for magnetic storage devices.Comment: Physical ReviewB, 201

    Interaction of CO with an Au monatomic chain at different strains: electronic structure and ballistic transport

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    We study the energetics, the electronic structure, and the ballistic transport of an infinite Au monatomic chain with an adsorbed CO molecule. We find that the bridge adsorption site is energetically favored with respect to the atop site, both at the equilibrium Au-Au spacing of the chain and at larger spacings. Instead, a substitutional configuration requires a very elongated Au-Au bond, well above the rupture distance of the pristine Au chain. The electronic structure properties can be described by the Blyholder model, which involves the formation of bonding/antibonding pairs of 5{\sigma} and 2{\pi}* states through the hybridization between molecular levels of CO and metallic states of the chain. In the atop geometry, we find an almost vanishing conductance due to the 5{\sigma} antibonding states giving rise to a Fano-like destructive interference close to the Fermi energy. In the bridge geometry, instead, the same states are shifted to higher energies and the conductance reduction with respect to pristine Au chain is much smaller. We also examine the effects of strain on the ballistic transport, finding opposite behaviors for the atop and bridge conductances. Only the bridge geometry shows a strain dependence compatible with the experimental conductance traces

    Effect of stretching on the ballistic conductance of Au nanocontacts in presence of CO: a density functional study

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    CO adsorption on an Au monatomic chain is studied within density functional theory in nanocontact geometries as a function of the contact stretching. We compare the bridge and atop adsorption sites of CO, finding that the bridge site is energetically favored at all strains studied here. Atop adsorption gives rise to an almost complete suppression of the ballistic conductance of the nanocontact, while adsorption at the bridge site results in a conductance value close to 0.6 G0, in agreement with previous experimental data. We show that only the bridge site can qualitatively account for the evolution of the conductance as a function of the contact stretching observed in the experimental conductance traces. The numerical discrepancy between the theoretical and experimental conductance slopes is rationalized through a simple model for the elastic response of the metallic leads. We also verify that our conductance values are not affected by the specific choice of the nanocontact geometry by comparing two different atomistic models for the tips

    Magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy of Fe(001)(001), Fe(110)(110) slabs and nanoclusters: a detailed local analysis within a tight-binding model

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    We report tight-binding (TB) calculations of magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy (MAE) of Iron slabs and nanoclusters with a particuler focus on local analysis. After clarifying various concepts and formulations for the determination of MAE, we apply our realistic TB model to the analysis of the magnetic anisotropy of Fe(001)(001), Fe(110)(110) slabs and of two large Fe clusters with (001)(001) and (110)(110) facets only: a truncated pyramid and a truncated bipyramid containg 620 and 1096 atoms, respectively. It is shown that the MAE of slabs originates mainly from outer layers, a small contribution from the bulk gives rise, however, to an oscillatory behavior for large thicknesses. Interestingly, the MAE of the nanoclusters considered is almost solely due to (001)(001) facets and the base perimeter of the pyramid. We believe that this fact could be used to efficiently control the anisotropy of Iron nanoparticles and could also have consequences on their spin dynamics

    Out- versus in-plane magnetic anisotropy of free Fe and Co nanocrystals: tight-binding and first-principles studies

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    We report tight-binding (TB) and Density Function Theory (DFT) calculations of magnetocrystalline anisotropy energy (MAE) of free Fe (body centerd cubic) and Co (face centered cubic) slabs and nanocrystals. The nanocrystals are truncated square pyramids which can be obtained experimentally by deposition of metal on a SrTiO3_3(001) substrate. For both elements our local analysis shows that the total MAE of the nanocrystals is largely dominated by the contribution of (001) facets. However, while the easy axis of Fe(001) is out-of-plane, it is in-plane for Co(001). This has direct consequences on the magnetic reversal mechanism of the nanocrystals. Indeed, the very high uniaxial anisotropy of Fe nanocrystals makes them a much better potential candidate for magnetic storage devices.Comment: 8 pages, 7 figure

    Electronic and magnetic structure of the Cr(001)(001) surface.

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    International audienceCombined Density Functional Theory (DFT) and Tight-Binding (TB) calculations are carried out to study the electronic and magnetic structure of the (001)(001) surface of Chromium. Our aim is to identify and characterize the most prominent electronic surface states and make the connection with the main experimental results. We show that a low dispersive minority spin surface state at the center of the Surface Brillouin zone plays a crucial role. This surface states of őĒ1\Delta_1 symmetry at 0.58eV above the Fermi level exhibits predominantly a dz2d_{z^2} as well as pzp_z orbital character. Local density of states (LDOS) analysis in the vacuum above the surface shows that the sharp feature originating from this surface state persists far away above the surface because of the slow decay rate of pzp_z wave functions. Finally by artificially lowering the surface magnetic moment mSm_S on the outermost surface layer we find an excellent agreement with experiments for mS=1.75őľBm_S=1.75\mu_B. In addition we propose that some extra Spin Polarized Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy (SP-STS) experiments should be made at smaller tip-surface distances to reveal additional features originating from majority spin dz2d_{z^2} surface states

    Interaction of a CO molecule with a Pt monatomic wire: electronic structure and ballistic conductance

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    We carry out a first-principles density functional study of the interaction between a monatomic Pt wire and a CO molecule, comparing the energy of different adsorption configurations (bridge, on top, substitutional, and tilted bridge) and discussing the effects of spin-orbit (SO) coupling on the electronic structure and on the ballistic conductance of two of these systems (bridge and substitutional). We find that, when the wire is unstrained, the bridge configuration is energetically favored, while the substitutional geometry becomes possible only after the breaking of the Pt-Pt bond next to CO. The interaction can be described by a donation/back-donation process similar to that occurring when CO adsorbs on transition-metal surfaces, a picture which remains valid also in presence of SO coupling. The ballistic conductance of the (tipless) nanowire is not much reduced by the adsorption of the molecule on the bridge and on-top sites, but shows a significant drop in the substitutional case. The differences in the electronic structure due to the SO coupling influence the transmission only at energies far away from the Fermi level so that fully- and scalar-relativistic conductances do not differ significantly.Comment: 12 pages, 12 figures; figure misplacement and minor syntax issues fixed, some references updated and correcte

    Magnetic phenomena, spin-orbit effects, and Landauer conductance in Pt nanowire contacts

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    Platinum monatomic nanowires were predicted to spontaneously develop magnetism, involving a sizable orbital moment via spin orbit coupling, and a colossal magnetic anisotropy. We present here a fully-relativistic (spin-orbit coupling included) pseudo-potential density functional calculation of electronic and magnetic properties, and of Landauer ballistic conductance of Pt model nanocontacts consisting of short nanowire segments suspended between Pt leads or tips, reprented by bulk planes. Even if short, and despite the nonmagnetic Pt leads, the nanocontact is found to be locally magnetic with magnetization strictly parallel to its axis. Especially under strain, the energy barrier to flip the overall spin direction is predicted to be tens of meV high, and thus the corresponding blocking temperatures large, suggesting the use of static Landauer ballistic electrical conductance calculations. We carry out such calculations, to find that inclusion of spin-orbit coupling and of magnetism lowers the ballistic conductance by about 15√∑2015\div20% relative to the nonmagnetic case, yielding G‚ąľ2G0 G\sim 2 G_0 (G0=2e2/hG_0=2e^2/h), in good agreement with break junction results. The spin filtering properties of this highly unusual spontaneously magnetic nanocontact are also analysed.Comment: 10 pages, 5 figures, submitted to Phys. Rev.
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