673 research outputs found

    Avalia√ß√£o das pr√°ticas de fomento da economia circular em Manaus-AM: estudo de m√ļltiplos casos em uma escola p√ļblica e em duas empresas do polo industrial

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    Relat√≥rio apresentado √† Universidade Fernando Pessoa como parte dos requisitos para o cumprimento do programa de P√≥s-Doutoramento em Ci√™ncias EmpresariaisA proposta deste trabalho incidiu em investigar as pr√°ticas de gest√£o, com base nas premissas da economia circular, em uma escola p√ļblica da cidade de Manaus, em uma empresa que atua no polo industrial da regi√£o e em uma microempresa que atua no ramo de produ√ß√£o de utens√≠lios de madeira. Com respeito √† escola p√ļblica, a proposta consistiu na avalia√ß√£o da percep√ß√£o dos alunos sobre os conceitos relacionados √† educa√ß√£o e sustentabilidade, e como a economia circular pode ser impulsionada na sociedade por meio de pol√≠ticas educacionais consistentes. Com base na aplica√ß√£o de um question√°rio aos alunos, foi poss√≠vel avaliar sua percep√ß√£o sobre o tema ambiental e a promo√ß√£o de a√ß√Ķes circulares. Como conclus√£o do estudo na escola, a exist√™ncia de uma pol√≠tica educacional s√≥lida √© capaz de impulsionar os conceitos preconizados pela economia circular, criando um c√≠rculo virtuoso natural para que esses conceitos estejam fortemente enraizados em todas as camadas da forma√ß√£o educacional do indiv√≠duo. J√° a marcenaria sustent√°vel explora o conceito de economia circular com base no uso de res√≠duos de madeira provenientes do processo produtivo de uma empresa que atua no setor de produtos de higiene e limpeza do Polo Industrial de Manaus, que alimentam o processo de fabrica√ß√£o de uma Oficina Sustent√°vel que fabrica produtos personalizados. A metodologia deste trabalho consistiu em explorar as etapas de seu processo de fabrica√ß√£o e revelou o potencial a ser explorado na regi√£o devido √†s oportunidades econ√īmicas e aos impactos socioambientais. Por fim, o √ļltimo estudo deste trabalho incidiu na avalia√ß√£o do desenvolvimento de um produto a partir de sobras do processo produtivo de uma empresa fabricante de l√°pis de cor. O planejamento de um produto com os atuais princ√≠pios de economia circular aumentou a criatividade e a inova√ß√£o para criar novos m√©todos que podem ser aplicados desde a fase de planejamento at√© o produto final chegar ao mercado.The purpose of this work was to investigate management practices, based on the premises of the circular economy, in a public school in the city of Manaus, in a company that operates in the industrial pole of the region and in a micro company that operates in the branch of production of wooden utensils. With respect to the public school, the proposal consisted of evaluating the students' perception of the concepts related to education and sustainability, and how the circular economy can be boosted in society through consistent educational policies. Based on the application of a questionnaire to students, it was possible to assess their perception of the environmental theme and the promotion of circular actions. As a conclusion of the study at school, the existence of a solid educational policy is capable of boosting the concepts advocated by the circular economy, creating a natural virtuous circle so that these concepts are strongly rooted in all layers of the individual's educational background. Sustainable joinery, on the other hand, explores the concept of circular economy based on the use of wood residues from the production process of a company that operates in the hygiene and cleaning products sector of the Manaus Industrial Pole, which feeds the manufacturing process of a Workshop Sustainable that manufactures customized products. The methodology of this work consisted of exploring the stages of its manufacturing process and revealed the potential to be explored in the region due to the economic opportunities and socio-environmental impacts. Finally, the last study of this work focused on evaluating the development of a product based on leftovers from the production process of a company that produces colored pencils. The planning of a product with the current principles of circular economy has increased creativity and innovation to create new methods that can be applied from the planning phase until the final product reaches the market.N/

    Sistema de gest√£o da manuten√ß√£o baseada no grau de maturidade da organiza√ß√£o no √Ęmbito da manuten√ß√£o

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    Tese de Doutoramento em Engenharia Industrial e SistemasO presente trabalho incide na proposta de um modelo de maturidade que suporte as decis√Ķes das organiza√ß√Ķes no √Ęmbito da gest√£o da manuten√ß√£o, promovendo assim a sua melhoria cont√≠nua. O modelo baseia-se na an√°lise do estado atual das √°reas de manuten√ß√£o das organiza√ß√Ķes e, mediante a avalia√ß√£o das pr√°ticas em distintas classes que est√£o relacionadas com as atividades de manuten√ß√£o, permite obter uma classifica√ß√£o segundo os n√≠veis de maturidade propostos. Com base nas respostas a um inqu√©rito envolvendo diversas organiza√ß√Ķes, pesquisas de campo, na an√°lise cr√≠tica dos modelos de maturidades existentes, foi poss√≠vel fundamentar e validar as classes definidas para o modelo. O modelo foi validado por meio da realiza√ß√£o de casos de estudo envolvendo duas empresas de distintos setores industrias, em dois pa√≠ses diferentes. A partir da aplica√ß√£o do modelo, ser√° poss√≠vel desenvolver uma estrat√©gia para que as √°reas de manuten√ß√£o alcancem os n√≠veis imediatamente superiores da escala de maturidade, com o objetivo de alcan√ßar e manter n√≠veis de desempenho reconhecidos como de excel√™ncia ou classe mundial.This work focuses on the proposal for a maturity model that supports the decisions of the organizations in the management of maintenance, thus fostering its continuous improvement. The model is based on the analysis of the status of the maintenance areas of organizations and, by evaluating the practices in different classes that are related to maintenance activities, allows for a classification according to the proposed maturity levels. Based on responses from a survey involving various organizations, field research, critical analysis of existing maturity models and statistical tests, it was possible to support and validate the classes defined for the model. The model was validated by conducting case studies involving two companies from distinct industrial sectors, in two different countries. From the application of the model, maintenance areas can develop a strategy to reach the immediately upper levels of the maturity scale, in order to achieve and maintain performance levels recognized as excellent or World-class

    Health equity as an ethical landmark in bioethics

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    Este texto tem como objetivo contribuir com a aplica√ß√£o da equidade, enquanto marco √©tico, na reflex√£o bio√©tica em tem√°ticas de sa√ļde p√ļblica. Foram seguidos os seguintes passos metodol√≥gicos: descri√ß√£o da origem conceitual da equidade; sua aplica√ß√£o na esfera da sa√ļde p√ļblica e, por √ļltimo, an√°lise da equidade como marco √©tico inserido na dimens√£o social da bio√©tica. A raiz conceitual de equidade fundamenta-se no pensamento aristot√©lico, o qual distingue equidade de justi√ßa no momento em que esta se divide em justo legal e justo natural, compreendidos na no√ß√£o de justi√ßa pol√≠tica. Na esfera da sa√ļde p√ļblica, a no√ß√£o de equidade parte do pressuposto de que os indiv√≠duos s√£o diferentes e, portanto, merecem tratamento diferenciado, consent√Ęneo com as suas vulnerabilidades. A bio√©tica latino-americana tem como orienta√ß√£o a redu√ß√£o das iniquidades ou disparidades sociais, sendo um de seus frutos a inclus√£o da equidade entre um dos objetivos da Declara√ß√£o Universal sobre Bio√©tica e Direitos Humanos (DUBDH): "Promover o acesso equitativo aos desenvolvimentos m√©dicos, cient√≠ficos e tecnol√≥gicos". Assim, a equidade ganha for√ßa como marco √©tico no processo decis√≥rio da aloca√ß√£o de recursos p√ļblicos, associada √† no√ß√£o de justi√ßa social.The aim of this paper is to contribute for the application of equity as an ethical landmark in bioethics reflection on public health issues. Methodology was done as follow: description of the conceptual origin of equity, its application in public health, and equity analysis as ethical landmark inserted into social dimension of bioethics. The conceptual foundation of equity is based on Aristotelian thought, which distinguishes justice equity at the time it is divided into legal rights and natural rights, including concepts of politics justice. In public health, the notion of equity assumes that individuals are different, therefore, they deserve different treatment according to their vulnerabilities. Latin American bioethics has as principle the reduction of inequities and social disparities, as described in Universal Declaration of Bioethics and Human Rights "To promote equitable access to medical, scientific and technological developments". Thus, equity is strengthened as ethical landmark in decision taking and allocation of public funds associated with social justice

    Equidade em sa√ļde como marco √©tico da bio√©tica

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    Este texto tem como objetivo contribuir com a aplica√ß√£o da equidade, enquanto marco √©tico, na reflex√£o bio√©tica em tem√°ticas de sa√ļde p√ļblica. Foram seguidos os seguintes passos metodol√≥gicos: descri√ß√£o da origem conceitual da equidade; sua aplica√ß√£o na esfera da sa√ļde p√ļblica e, por √ļltimo, an√°lise da equidade como marco √©tico inserido na dimens√£o social da bio√©tica. A raiz conceitual de equidade fundamenta-se no pensamento aristot√©lico, o qual distingue equidade de justi√ßa no momento em que esta se divide em justo legal e justo natural, compreendidos na no√ß√£o de justi√ßa pol√≠tica. Na esfera da sa√ļde p√ļblica, a no√ß√£o de equidade parte do pressuposto de que os indiv√≠duos s√£o diferentes e, portanto, merecem tratamento diferenciado, consent√Ęneo com as suas vulnerabilidades. A bio√©tica latino-americana tem como orienta√ß√£o a redu√ß√£o das iniquidades ou disparidades sociais, sendo um de seus frutos a inclus√£o da equidade entre um dos objetivos da Declara√ß√£o Universal sobre Bio√©tica e Direitos Humanos (DUBDH): "Promover o acesso equitativo aos desenvolvimentos m√©dicos, cient√≠ficos e tecnol√≥gicos". Assim, a equidade ganha for√ßa como marco √©tico no processo decis√≥rio da aloca√ß√£o de recursos p√ļblicos, associada √† no√ß√£o de justi√ßa social.The aim of this paper is to contribute for the application of equity as an ethical landmark in bioethics reflection on public health issues. Methodology was done as follow: description of the conceptual origin of equity, its application in public health, and equity analysis as ethical landmark inserted into social dimension of bioethics. The conceptual foundation of equity is based on Aristotelian thought, which distinguishes justice equity at the time it is divided into legal rights and natural rights, including concepts of politics justice. In public health, the notion of equity assumes that individuals are different, therefore, they deserve different treatment according to their vulnerabilities. Latin American bioethics has as principle the reduction of inequities and social disparities, as described in Universal Declaration of Bioethics and Human Rights "To promote equitable access to medical, scientific and technological developments". Thus, equity is strengthened as ethical landmark in decision taking and allocation of public funds associated with social justice

    The new Brazilian legal framework of science & technology: Barriers, borders and opportunities for innovation

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    The recognition of science and technology as a risk activity, focusing on results rather than procedures, means that researchers are more effectively engaged in activities involving innovation. The purpose of this article is to analyze the applicability of law known as the Legal Framework of Science and Technology, and it was constructed with bibliographical support seeking to contribute to a different view of the control organs regarding the research. The new Brazilian legislation brings with it the expectation that research and market have a process of approximation, reducing the distance between the knowledge produced in universities and their transformation into wealth. The possibilities arising from the new legislation tend to have effects in solving problems of quality, productivity, cost reduction, with the possibility of incorporating benefits to production and competitiveness, with the introduction of technology, methods and processes aligned with lean production. It concludes that the Legal Framework for Science and Technology, with its specific purpose of reducing bureaucracy in the country\u27s research and innovation activities in general, is an important instrument in the integration of the academic and scientific community at all levels, and companies, representing a new path to boost the process of education

    Aproximando e calculando áreas com recursos diversos: uma proposição para a licenciatura em matemática

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    O c√°lculo de √°rea de figuras planas com a utiliza√ß√£o de integrais definidas em um intervalo num√©rico √© um dos t√≥picos estudados na disciplina c√°lculo diferencial e Integral. A abordagem desse conte√ļdo √© procedimental e mediante uma escassez de recursos did√°ticos, por√©m, com a valoriza√ß√£o de resolu√ß√£o de listas de exerc√≠cios. Sinalizamos uma possibilidade de ruptura dessa pr√°tica convencional em fun√ß√£o do uso de recursos did√°ticos variados. Acreditamos que uma proposi√ß√£o, como a ilustrada neste artigo, favorece a participa√ß√£o, a investiga√ß√£o e o desenvolvimento do senso cr√≠tico de futuros professores de matem√°tica para constru√≠rem atividades mais desafiadoras em suas aulas

    The Lean Healthcare approach in health services: A Systematic Review of the Literature

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    Lean principles are being successfully applied in the most diverse sectors beyond industry. In the health area, the so-called Lean Healthcare is gaining space with the implementation of lean methods that contribute to the maximization of value and quality to the patient. The objective of this work was to carry out a systematic review of the literature to identify and analyze the practice of Lean Healthcare and its tools in hospital environments. Scientific articles available in the database of the CAPES Periodic Portal were selected, and 161 articles were found, among which, 16 were selected. The results point to recent research, with practical applications where case studies are predominant. Lean tools have been applied in several countries to promote improvements in hospital environments, and the main ones are MFV, 5S, Standardization, Kaizen and Kanban. With this study, it was possible to observe that the use of lean techniques in health has been promoting significant benefits in the work environments, in the team\u27s conduct, and the patients\u27 experience, and that the human factor is what most hinders the implementation of these techniques

    The circular economy in the perspective of sustainable joinery: a case study in the Amazon / A economia circular na perspectiva da carpintaria sustent√°vel: um estudo de caso na Amaz√īnia

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    This article explores the concept of the circular economy based on the use, as base material, of wood residues from the production process of a company that operates in the hygiene and cleaning products sector based at the Manaus Industrial Pole. These residues feed the manufacturing process of a Sustainable Joinery, which, in turn, manufactures custom products, as well as those from its catalog. It is intended to explore the manufacturing process, in the context of the pillars of the circular economy. The methodology of this work consisted of exploring the stages of its manufacturing process, the process flows, the chain involved, and the waste management of this process. In this study, the life cycle stages of raw material supply and end-of-life pathways of wooden pallets were assessed environmentally from different perspectives with lifecycle assessment (LCA). In addition, it reveals the potential to be explored in the region due to the economic opportunities and social and environmental impacts, since, considering only the year 2019, 21 tons of wood were reprocessed, representing an average monthly revenue in the order of $ 5,000

    Cost management: bibliometrics in the annals of the national production engineering meeting

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    The National Meeting of Production Engineering (ENEGEP) is an event organized by the Brazilian Association of Production Engineering (ABEPRO) in which brings together the academic community of researchers working in the sector of Production Engineering and constitutes one of the leading promoters of technical and scientific production in the area. Among the various topics transiting the meeting, cost management is one of those who has relevant interaction. This article aims to analyze the academic contributions published in the Annals ENEGEP from 2008 to 2018 and trends in the area of ‚Äč‚ÄčEconomic Management, Cost Management subarea. Methodologically it made the use of bibliometric analysis techniques, analyzing, quantitatively and qualitatively, 219 articles, considering the following variables: quantitative evolution of publications; authoring features per article; authors; educational institutions; keywords; and themes. The main results identified an average of twenty papers per year with the cost management issue, the vast majority of publications were carried out with two or more authors, in relation to the authorship, 71% of authors had only one article, the southern region is the one most representative authors of publications, and as to the keywords which is evident most frequently are "Cost Management" and "costs"
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