5 research outputs found

    Atomic Structure and Special Reactivity Toward Methanol Oxidation of Vanadia Nanoclusters on TiO<sub>2</sub>(110)

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    We have grown highly controlled VO<sub><i>x</i></sub> nanoclusters on rutile TiO<sub>2</sub>(110). The combination of photoemission and photoelectron diffraction techniques based on synchrotron radiation with DFT calculations has allowed identifying these nanostructures as exotic V<sub>4</sub>O<sub>6</sub> nanoclusters, which hold vanadyl groups, even if vanadium oxidation state is formally +3. Our theoretical investigation also indicates that on the surface of titania, vanadia mononuclear species, with oxidation states ranging from +2 to +4, can be strongly stabilized by aggregation into tetramers that are characterized by a charge transfer to the titania substrate and a consequent decrease of the electron density in the vanadium 3d levels. We then performed temperature programmed desorption experiments using methanol as probe molecule to understand the impact of these unusual electronic and structural properties on the chemical reactivity, obtaining that the V<sub>4</sub>O<sub>6</sub> nanoclusters can selectively convert methanol to formaldehyde at an unprecedented low temperature (300 K)

    Room Temperature Metalation of 2H-TPP Monolayer on Iron and Nickel Surfaces by Picking up Substrate Metal Atoms

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    Here, it is demonstrated, using high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy and density functional theory calculations, that 2<i>H</i>-tetraphenyl porphyrins metalate at room temperature by incorporating a surface metal atom when a (sub)monolayer is deposited on 3d magnetic substrates, such as Fe(110) and Ni(111). The calculations demonstrate that the redox metalation reaction would be exothermic when occurring on a Ni(111) substrate with an energy gain of 0.89 eV upon embedding a Ni adatom in the macrocycle. This is a novel way to form, <i>via</i> chemical modification and supramolecular engineering, 3d-metalā€“organic networks on magnetic substrates with an intimate bond between the macrocycle molecular metal ion and the substrate atoms. The achievement of a complete metalation by Fe and Ni can be regarded as a test case for successful preparation of spintronic devices by means of molecular-based magnets and inorganic magnetic substrates

    Chemistry of the Methylamine Termination at a Gold Surface: From Autorecognition to Condensation

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    13The self-assembly of the naphthylmethylamine molecules (NMA) on the Au(111) surface is investigated by a combined experimental and theoretical approach. Three well-defined phases are observed upon different thermal treatments at the monolayer stage. The role played by the methylamine termination is evidenced in both the moleculeā€“molecule and moleculeā€“substrate interactions. The autorecognition process of the amino groups is identified as the driving factor for the formation of a complex hydrogen bonding scheme in small molecular clusters, possibly acting also as a precursor of a denitrogenation condensation process induced by thermal annealing.reservedmixedDri, Carlo; Fronzoni, Giovanna; Balducci, Gabriele; Furlan, Sara; Stener, Mauro; Feng, Zhijing; Comelli, Giovanni; Castellarin-Cudia, Carla; Cvetko, Dean; Kladnik, Gregor; Verdini, Alberto; Floreano, Luca; Cossaro, AlbanoDri, Carlo; Fronzoni, Giovanna; Balducci, Gabriele; Furlan, Sara; Stener, Mauro; Feng, Zhijing; Comelli, Giovanni; Castellarin Cudia, Carla; Cvetko, Dean; Kladnik, Gregor; Verdini, Alberto; Floreano, Luca; Cossaro, Alban

    Insight into Organometallic Intermediate and Its Evolution to Covalent Bonding in Surface-Confined Ullmann Polymerization

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    We provide insight into surface-catalyzed dehalogenative polymerization, analyzing the organometallic intermediate and its evolution into planar polymeric structures. A combined study using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), low energy electron diffraction (LEED), near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy and first-principles calculations unveils the structural conformation of substrate-bound phenylene intermediates generated from 1,4-dibromobenzene precursors on Cu(110), showing the stabilizing role of the halogen. The appearance of covalently bonded conjugated structures is followed in real time by fast-XPS measurements (with an acquisition time of 2 s per spectrum and heating rate of 2 K/s), showing that the detaching of phenylene units from the copper substrate and subsequent polymerization occur upon annealing above 460 Ā± 10 K

    Role of the Anchored Groups in the Bonding and Self-Organization of Macrocycles: Carboxylic versus Pyrrole Groups

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    A combination of variable temperature scanning tunneling microscopy, near edge X-ray adsorption fine structure and density functional theory has been used to investigate the chemisorption and self-assembly of metal-free protoporphyrin IX molecules on Cu(110) surface. The molecules in contact with the substrate suffer irreversible molecular transformations, mainly deprotonation of the carboxylic groups and metalation of the pyrroline subunits. The carboxylate group has been revealed as the anchored group versus the tetrapyrrole ring. We study the role played by the carboxylic acid groups in the surface-molecular bonding and how its presence affects the supramolecular structure