975 research outputs found

    Supersymmetric chameleons and ultra-local models

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    Super-chameleon models where all types of matter belong to three secluded sectors, i.e. the dark, supersymmetry breaking and matter sectors, are shown to be dynamically equivalent to ultra-local models of modified gravity. In the dark sector, comprising both dark matter and dark energy, the interaction range between the dark energy field and dark matter is constrained to be extremely short, i.e. shorter than the inverse gravitino mass set by supersymmetry breaking. This realises an extreme version of chameleon screening of the dark energy interaction. On the other hand, the baryonic matter sector decouples from the dark energy in a Damour-Polyakov way. These two mechanisms preclude the existence of any modification of gravity locally in the Solar System due to the presence of the super-chameleon field. On larger scales, the super-chameleon can have effects on the growth of structure and the number of dark matter halos. It can also affect the dynamics of galaxies where the fifth force interaction that it induces can have the same order of magnitude as Newton's interaction.Comment: 23 pages, 14 figures. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:1605.0293

    Non-zero density-velocity consistency relations for large scale structures

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    We present exact kinematic consistency relations for cosmological structures that do not vanish at equal times and can thus be measured in surveys. These rely on cross-correlations between the density and velocity, or momentum, fields. Indeed, the uniform transport of small-scale structures by long wavelength modes, which cannot be detected at equal times by looking at density correlations only, gives rise to a shift in the amplitude of the velocity field that could be measured. These consistency relations only rely on the weak equivalence principle and Gaussian initial conditions. They remain valid in the non-linear regime and for biased galaxy fields. They can be used to constrain non-standard cosmological scenarios or the large-scale galaxy bias.Comment: 5 page

    Single vs double ballot and party coalitions: the impact on fiscal policy. Evidence from Italy

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    We use data for all Italian municipalities, from 2001-2006, to empirically test the extent to which two electoral rules, which hold, for small and large municipalities, affect fiscal policy decisions. Municipalities with fewer than 15,000 inhabitants elect their mayors in accordance with a single ballot plurality rule while the rest of the municipalities uses a run-off plurality rule. Per capita total taxes, charges and current expenditure in large municipalities are lower than in small ones if the mayor of the large municipality does not need a broad coalition to be elected

    Design rules for combined label-free and fluorescence Bloch surface wave biosensors

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    We report on the fabrication and physical characterization of optical biosensors implementing simultaneous label-free and fluorescence detection and taking advantage of the excitation of Bloch surface waves at a photonic crystal’s truncation interface. Two types of purposely-designed one dimensional photonic crystals on molded organic substrates with micro-optics were fabricated. These feature either high or low finesse of the Bloch surface wave resonances and were tested on the same optical readout system. The experimental results show that designing biochips with a large resonance quality factor does not necessarily lead in the real case to an improvement of the biosensor performance. Conditions for optimal biochips’ design and operation of the complete bio-sensing platform are established

    Solving String Problems on Graphs Using the Labeled Direct Product

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    Suffix trees are an important data structure at the core of optimal solutions to many fundamental string problems, such as exact pattern matching, longest common substring, matching statistics, and longest repeated substring. Recent lines of research focused on extending some of these problems to vertex-labeled graphs, either by using efficient ad-hoc approaches which do not generalize to all input graphs, or by indexing difficult graphs and having worst-case exponential complexities. In the absence of an ubiquitous and polynomial tool like the suffix tree for labeled graphs, we introduce the labeled direct product of two graphs as a general tool for obtaining optimal algorithms in the worst case: we obtain conceptually simpler algorithms for the quadratic problems of string matching (SMLG) and longest common substring (LCSP) in labeled graphs. Our algorithms run in time linear in the size of the labeled product graph, which may be smaller than quadratic for some inputs, and their run-time is predictable, because the size of the labeled direct product graph can be precomputed efficiently. We also solve LCSP on graphs containing cycles, which was left as an open problem by Shimohira et al. in 2011. To show the power of the labeled product graph, we also apply it to solve the matching statistics (MSP) and the longest repeated string (LRSP) problems in labeled graphs. Moreover, we show that our (worst-case quadratic) algorithms are also optimal, conditioned on the Orthogonal Vectors Hypothesis. Finally, we complete the complexity picture around LRSP by studying it on undirected graphs.Peer reviewe

    Effective tunneling processes in an interferometer of helical edge states with an antidot

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    We consider an interferometer of edge states of a two-dimensional topological insulator with an antidot. We analyze the mechanisms leading to an effective tunneling with spin flip between different helical states.Fil: Rizzo, Bruno. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones CientĂ­ficas y TĂ©cnicas. Oficina de CoordinaciĂłn Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de FĂ­sica de Buenos Aires. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de FĂ­sica de Buenos Aires; ArgentinaFil: Camjayi, Alberto. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones CientĂ­ficas y TĂ©cnicas. Oficina de CoordinaciĂłn Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de FĂ­sica de Buenos Aires. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de FĂ­sica de Buenos Aires; ArgentinaFil: Arrachea, Liliana del Carmen. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones CientĂ­ficas y TĂ©cnicas. Oficina de CoordinaciĂłn Administrativa Ciudad Universitaria. Instituto de FĂ­sica de Buenos Aires. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales. Instituto de FĂ­sica de Buenos Aires; Argentin
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