168 research outputs found

    Soliton localization in Bose-Einstein condensates with time-dependent harmonic potential and scattering length

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    We derive exact solitonic solutions of a class of Gross-Pitaevskii equations with time-dependent harmonic trapping potential and interatomic interaction. We find families of exact single-solitonic, multi-solitonic, and solitary wave solutions. We show that, with the special case of an oscillating trapping potential and interatomic interaction, a soliton can be localized indefinitely at an arbitrary position. The localization is shown to be experimentally possible for sufficiently long time even with only an oscillating trapping potential and a constant interatomic interaction.Comment: 19 pages, 11 figures, accepted for publication in J.Phys.

    Directional flow of solitons with asymmetric potential wells: Soliton diode

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    We study the flow of bright solitons through two asymmetric potential wells. The scattering of a soliton by certain type of single potential wells, e.g., Gaussian or Rosen-Morse, is distinguished by a critical velocity above which solitons can transmit almost completely and below which solitons can reflect nearly perfectly. For two such wells in series with certain parameter combinations, we find that there is an appreciable velocity range for which solitons can propagate in one direction only. Our study shows that this directional propagation or diode behavior is due to a combined effect of the sharp transition in the transport coefficients at the critical velocity and a slight reduction in the center-of-mass speed of the soliton while it travels across a potential well.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figure

    Nonlinear coupling between scissors modes of a Bose-Einstein condensate

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    We explore the nonlinear coupling of the three scissors modes of an anisotropic Bose-Einstein condensate. We show that only when the frequency of one of the scissors modes is twice the frequency of another scissors mode, these two modes can be resonantly coupled and a down conversion can occur. We perform the calculation variationally using a gaussian trial wave function. This enables us to obtain simple analytical results that describe the oscillation and resonance behaviour of the two coupled modes.Comment: 12 pages, 3 figures, submitted to Phys. Rev.

    Kinetic Theory of Collective Modes in Atomic Clouds above the Bose-Einstein Transition Temperature

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    We calculate frequencies and damping rates of the lowest collective modes of a dilute Bose gas confined in an anisotropic trapping potential above the Bose-Einstein transition temperature. From the Boltzmann equation with a simplified collision integral we derive a general dispersion relation that interpolates between the collisionless and hydrodynamic regimes. In the case of axially symmetric traps we obtain explicit expressions for the frequencies and damping rates of the lowest modes in terms of a phenomenological collision time. Our results are compared with microscopic calculations and experiments.Comment: Nordita preprint NORDITA-1999/46 C