649 research outputs found

    Oscillations of high energy neutrinos in matter: Precise formalism and parametric resonance

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    We present a formalism for precise description of oscillation phenomena in matter at high energies or high densities, V > \Delta m^2/2E, where V is the matter-induced potential of neutrinos. The accuracy of the approximation is determined by the quantity \sin^2 2\theta_m \Delta V/2\pi V, where \theta_m is the mixing angle in matter and \Delta V is a typical change of the potential over the oscillation length (l \sim 2\pi/V). We derive simple and physically transparent formulas for the oscillation probabilities, which are valid for arbitrary matter density profiles. They can be applied to oscillations of high energy (E > 10 GeV) accelerator, atmospheric and cosmic neutrinos in the matter of the Earth, substantially simplifying numerical calculations and providing an insight into the physics of neutrino oscillations in matter. The effect of parametric enhancement of the oscillations of high energy neutrinos is considered. Future high statistics experiments can provide an unambiguous evidence for this effect.Comment: LaTeX, 5 pages, 1 figure. Linestyles in the figure corrected to match their description in the caption; improved discussion of the accuracy of the results; references added. Results and conclusions unchange

    Secularly growing loop corrections in strong electric fields

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    We calculate one--loop corrections to the vertexes and propagators of photons and charged particles in the strong electric field backgrounds. We use the Schwinger--Keldysh diagrammatic technique. We observe that photon's Keldysh propagator receives growing with time infrared contribution. As the result, loop corrections are not suppressed in comparison with tree--level contribution. This effect substantially changes the standard picture of the pair production. To sum up leading IR corrections from all loops we consider the infrared limit of the Dyson--Schwinger equations and reduce them to a single kinetic equation.Comment: 16 pages, no figures; Minor correction

    Supernova prompt neutronization neutrinos and neutrino magnetic moments

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    It is shown that the combined action of spin-flavor conversions of supernova neutrinos due to the interactions of their Majorana-type transition magnetic moments with the supernova magnetic fields and flavor conversions due to the mass mixing can lead to the transformation of \nu_e born in the neutronization process into their antiparticles \bar{\nu}_e. Such an effect would have a clear experimental signature and its observation would be a smoking gun evidence for the neutrino transition magnetic moments. It would also signify the leptonic mixing parameter |U_{e3}| in excess of 10^{-2}.Comment: LaTex, 25 pages, 3 figures. v4: Discussion section expanded, references added. Matches the published versio

    Parametric resonance for antineutrino conversions using LSND best-fit results with a 3+1 flavor scheme

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    An analytical solution to a parametric resonance effect for antineutrinos in a 3+1 flavor (active+sterile) scheme using multiple non-adiabatic density shifts is presented. We derive the conditions for a full flavor conversion for antineutrino oscillations νˉανˉs\bar{\nu}_\alpha \to \bar{\nu}_s (α=e,μ,τ)(\alpha=e,\mu,\tau) under the assumption that LSND best-fits for the mixing parameters are valid in a short-baseline accelerator experiment. We show that the parametric resonance effect can be exploited to increase the effective antineutrino oscillation length by a factor of 10-40, thus sustaining a high oscillation probability for a much longer period of time than in the vacuum scenario. We propose a realistic experimental setup that could probe for this effect which leaves a signature in terms of a specific oscillation probability profile. Moreover, since the parametric resonance effect is valid in any 2 or 1+1 flavor approximation, our results could be suggestive for future short-baseline accelerator neutrino detection experiments.Comment: 6 pages, 4 figure

    Distinguishing magnetic moment from oscillation solutions of the solar neutrino problem with Borexino

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    Assuming that the observed deficit of solar neutrinos is due to the interaction of their transition magnetic moment with the solar magnetic field we derive the predictions for the forthcoming Borexino experiment. Three different model magnetic field profiles which give very good global fits of the currently available solar neutrino data are used. The expected signal at Borexino is significantly lower than those predicted by the LMA, LOW and VO neutrino oscillation solutions of the solar neutrino problem. It is similar to that of the SMA oscillation solution which, however, is strongly disfavoured by the Super-Kamiokande data on day and night spectra and zenith angle distribution of the events. Thus, the neutrino magnetic moment solution of the solar neutrino problem can be unambiguously distinguished from the currently favoured oscillation solutions at Borexino