1,858 research outputs found

    Intensity limits for stationary and interacting multi-soliton complexes

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    We obtain an accurate estimate for the peak intensities of multi-soliton complexes for a Kerr-type nonlinearity in the (1+1) - dimension problem. Using exact analytical solutions of the integrable set of nonlinear Schrodinger equations, we establish a rigorous relationship between the eigenvalues of incoherently-coupled fundamental solitons and the range of admissible intensities. A clear geometrical interpretation of this effect is given.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figure

    Modulation instability, Fermi-Pasta-Ulam recurrence, rogue waves, nonlinear phase shift, and exact solutions of the Ablowitz-Ladik equation

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    We study modulation instability (MI) of the discrete constant-background wave of the Ablowitz-Ladik (A-L) equation. We derive exact solutions of the A-L equation which are nonlinear continuations of MI at longer times. These periodic solutions comprise a family of two-parameter solutions with an arbitrary background field and a frequency of initial perturbation. The solutions are recurrent, since they return the field state to the original constant background solution after the process of nonlinear evolution has passed. These solutions can be considered as a complete resolution of the Fermi-Pasta-Ulam paradox for the A-L system. One remarkable consequence of the recurrent evolution is the nonlinear phase shift gained by the constant background wave after the process. A particular case of this family is the rational solution of the first-order or fundamental rogue wave.The authors acknowledge the support of the A.R.C. (Discovery Project DP110102068). One of the authors (N.A.) is a grateful recipient of support from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation (Germany)

    Higher-order integrable evolution equation and its soliton solutions

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    We consider an extended nonlinear Schrödinger equation with higher-order odd and even terms with independent variable coefficients. We demonstrate its integrability, provide its Lax pair, and, applying the Darboux transformation, present its first and second order soliton solutions. The equation and its solutions have two free parameters. Setting one of these parameters to zero admits two limiting cases: the Hirota equation on the one hand and the Lakshmanan–Porsezian–Daniel (LPD) equation on the other hand. When both parameters are zero, the limit is the nonlinear Schrödinger equation.A.A. and N.A. acknowledge the support of the Australian Research Council (Discovery Project DP110102068) and also thank the Volkswagen Foundation for financial support

    Nonautonomous "rogons" in the inhomogeneous nonlinear Schrodinger equation with variable coefficients

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    The analytical nonautonomous rogons are reported for the inhomogeneous nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation with variable coefficients in terms of rational-like functions by using the similarity transformation and direct ansatz. These obtained solutions can be used to describe the possible formation mechanisms for optical, oceanic, and matter rogue wave phenomenon in optical fibres, the deep ocean, and Bose-Einstein condensates, respectively. Moreover, the snake propagation traces and the fascinating interactions of two nonautonomous rogons are generated for the chosen different parameters. The obtained nonautonomous rogons may excite the possibility of relative experiments and potential applications for the rogue wave phenomenon in the field of nonlinear science.Comment: 11 pages, 6 figure

    Modulation instability, Akhmediev Breathers and continuous wave supercontinuum generation

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    Numerical simulations of the onset phase of continuous wave supercontinuum generation from modulation instability show that the structure of the field as it develops can be interpreted in terms of the properties of Akhmediev Breathers. Numerical and analytical results are compared with experimental measurements of spectral broadening in photonic crystal fiber using nanosecond pulsesComment: 22 pages, 6 figure

    Multiple Breathers on a Vortex Filament

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    In this paper we investigate the correspondence between the Da Rios-Betchov equation, which appears in the three-dimensional motion of a vortex filament, and the nonlinear Schrödinger equation. Using this correspondence we map a set of solutions corresponding to breathers in the nonlinear Schrödinger equation to waves propagating along a vortex filament. The work presented generalizes the recently derived family of vortex configurations associated with these breather solutions to a wider class of configurations that are associated with combination homoclinic/heteroclinic orbits of the 1D self-focussing nonlinear Schrödinger equation. We show that by considering these solutions of the governing nonlinear Schrödinger equation, highly nontrivial vortex filament configurations can be obtained that are associated with a pair of breather excitations. These configurations can lead to loop-like excitations emerging from an otherwise weakly perturbed helical vortex. The results presented further demonstrate the rich class of solutions that are supported by the Da Rios-Betchov equation that is recovered within the local induction approximation for the motion of a vortex filament

    Interplay between Coherence and Incoherence in Multi-Soliton Complexes

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    We analyze photo-refractive incoherent soliton beams and their interactions in Kerr-like nonlinear media. The field in each of M incoherently interacting components is calculated using an integrable set of coupled nonlinear Schrodinger equations. In particular, we obtain a general N-soliton solution, describing propagation of multi-soliton complexes and their collisions. The analysis shows that the evolution of such higher-order soliton beams is determined by coherent and incoherent contributions from fundamental solitons. Common features and differences between these internal interactions are revealed and illustrated by numerical examples.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures; submitted to Physical Revie

    Multisoliton complexes in a sea of radiation modes

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    We derive exact analytical solutions describing multi-soliton complexes and their interactions on top of a multi-component background in media with self-focusing or self-defocusing Kerr-like nonlinearities. These results are illustrated by numerical examples which demonstrate soliton collisions and field decomposition between localized and radiation modes.Comment: 7 pages, 7 figure

    Symmetry breaking and manipulation of nonlinear optical modes in an asymmetric double-channel waveguide

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    We study light-beam propagation in a nonlinear coupler with an asymmetric double-channel waveguide and derive various analytical forms of optical modes. The results show that the symmetry-preserving modes in a symmetric double-channel waveguide are deformed due to the asymmetry of the two-channel waveguide, yet such a coupler supports the symmetry-breaking modes. The dispersion relations reveal that the system with self-focusing nonlinear response supports the degenerate modes, while for self-defocusingmedium the degenerate modes do not exist. Furthermore, nonlinear manipulation is investigated by launching optical modes supported in double-channel waveguide into a nonlinear uniform medium.Comment: 10 page
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