22,182 research outputs found

    Keyword-Linked Advertising, Trademark Infringement, and Google’s Contributory Liability

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    A number of trademark holders have recently challenged the policies of Google and other Internet search engines that allow the trademark owner\u27s competitors to purchase advertising space linked specifically to the owner\u27s trademarks when entered as search terms. This iBrief examines the application of trademark law to this practice and concludes that Google would be contributorially liable for trademark infringement only when the advertising links lead to consumer confusion about the identity of the advertiser

    Download, Stream, or Somewhere in Between: The Potential for Legal Music Use in Podcasting

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    Podcasting is an increasingly popular new digital technology with the potential to be a great conduit of expression. Currently, the use of music is limited in podcasting due in large part to uncertainty as to what rights must be licensed before copyrighted music can be used legitimately. This iBrief examines what legal rights are implicated by podcasting by analyzing U.S. copyright law and comparing related technologies. This iBrief concludes that onerous licensing requirements are unnecessary, and for podcasting to realize its potential, a simple licensing framework must be established

    The ‘relationship managers’: Towards a theorising of the Teacher-in-Role / Student relationship

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    This paper considers how arts practices (in this case drama) can invigorate learning and teaching across the curriculum. It explores the potential of the ‘teaching-in-role’ strategy to generate experiential learning environments and allow new assessment and management possibilities to emerge. The paper does this by comparing teaching-in-role with the relationship between theatre makers and audience members, in the process identifying the creative tensions that emerge when the theories and practices of arts education are compared with those of the arts industries. Tensions inevitably arise when drawing parallels between theatre and classroom drama, particularly process drama (not intended for an audience). While the goals of theatre and classroom drama may be very different, it is reasonable to argue that teaching-in-role, like theatre performance, is posited on a relationship between two parties. This relationship requires a shared understanding of social, behavioural and aesthetic conventions, and an agreement on how power will be shared. By scrutinizing teaching-in-role and theatre through a common lens of ‘relationship’ new resonances emerge, which usefully inform pedagogical practice in the classroom

    Female sex offenders : an examination into university student attitudes regarding adult sexual behaviour towards children : a thesis presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Psychology at Massey University

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    The purpose of the present study was to examine university student attitudes regarding illegal sexual behaviour of women towards children. Attitudes toward sexual abuse are an undeveloped area of research, particularly when a woman perpetrates the abuse. Sexual offences committed by women are rare, although low estimates are speculated to be a result of the myths surrounding the sexual nature of women and the gender role prescribed for them by society. Victims are less likely to report abuse by a female, and authorities are less likely to believe victims of female perpetrated abuse. To examine whether these findings hold true within the New Zealand population, attitudes towards adult sexual behaviours were investigated, using vignettes and the attitudes regarding women's and men's sexualised behaviour towards children questionnaire. The Massey University students in the present study were found to hold different attitudes towards male and female sexual behaviour, following a similar pattern to a United Kingdom study of social workers and police officers. Female sexual behaviour was perceived as less serious and less harmful compared to male sexual behaviour. Effects on the victims of female-perpetrated abuse are discussed as well as future directions for the research of attitudes towards women who commit sexual abuse against children

    Safe to speak? A teacher's story of one child's apparent 'liberation' and 'transformation' through the security of role.

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    The following article arose out of conversations between the authors, Shay Cowley, a second year student at the School of Education, The University of Waikato, and Dr. Viv Aitken, who lectures in Drama in Education at the same university. Shay contacted Viv to tell her about the successful drama unit she had taught on her first year teaching practicum and, in particular, to report th apparent 'transformation' that had occurred for one student in the class (referred to here as 'Kate'). Through continued discussion about Shay's experience, a decision was made to share her story and to position this within related theory on the transformative potential of drama. In terms of methodology, then, the article emerges from practitioner reflection: in this case, the anecdotal reflections of an emergent teacher. The student's narrative is then deconstructed and the anecdotal material is used as the basis for the exploration of hypothetical questions which are seen as having relevance and importance in the field of drama education

    Falling Tax Compliance and the Rise of the Virtual Budget in Russia

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    The decline in cash revenue in Russia has been the key macroeconomic policy failure of the transition. During 1994-98, a sharp deterioration in cash compliance was offset by a rise in non-cash revenue, as the government increasingly financed its spending through mutual arrears write-offs. This paper argues that the fall in cash compliance emerged when money printing was replaced with a method of budget financing that did not, in the short run, compromise the government's goals of low inflation, a stable exchange rate, and low interest rates, but which ultimately has led the government into a low cash revenue trap. Copyright 2002, International Monetary Fund

    Molecular Dynamics Simulations of the O2- Ion Mobility in Dense Ne Gas at Low Temperature: Influence of the Repulsive Part of the Ion-Neutral Interaction Potential

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    New Molecular Dynamics simulations have been carried out in order to get an insight on the physical mechanisms that determine the drift mobility of negative Oxygen ions in very dense Neon gas in the supercritical phase close to the critical point. Two ion-neutral interaction potentials have been used that differ by their repulsive part. We have observed that the potential with a harder repulsive part gives much better agreement with the experimental data. The differences with the softer repulsive potential previously used are discussed. We propose that the behavior of the ion mobility as a function of the gas density is related to the number of neutral atoms loosely bound in the first solvation shell around the ion.Comment: submitted to IEEE-TDEI, 6 pages, 9 figure

    Measuring trade policy intervention : a cross-country index of relative price dispersion

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    In the debate about the relationship between trade policy and growth, various measures for trade intervention have been used. The author presents a new measure based on a country's relative price structure and the structure of relative world prices. This measure, he argues, conforms more closely than existing measures to the concept of trade intervention. The relationship between openness and trade liberalization is more complicated than is often believed. Whether a country intervenes does not tell the whole story about its trade policy, and misses an essential aspect of intervention: which goods are favored by subsidies and which are protected by tariffs. The debate has been confused by the failure to distinguish between trade intervention and outward orientation. Trade intervention implies policies that distort the flow or pattern of trade; outward orientation implies incentives to export that are greater than incentives for import substitution. The two may be related but a heavily interventionist policy could be outwardly oriented. The index of relative price dispersion that the author develops has the advantage that it is objective, measures intervention in both exports and imports, is comparable across countries, and is independent of fluctuations in exchange rates caused by macroeconomic mismanagement.Environmental Economics&Policies,Economic Theory&Research,TF054105-DONOR FUNDED OPERATION ADMINISTRATION FEE INCOME AND EXPENSE ACCOUNT,Markets and Market Access,Access to Markets

    “She didn’t ask me about my grandma”. Using process drama to explore issues of cultural exclusion and educational leadership.

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    Purpose – This purpose of this paper is to describe a collaborative project from the University of Waikato, Hamilton New Zealand, in which the authors used process drama to engage final year teaching students with complex issues of cultural diversity, enabling them to “grow into” different kinds of leadership positions in an imagined educational setting. The paper describes the project and makes a case for process drama as a means of providing opportunities for leadership and as a potent tool for learning about issues of social justice. Design/methodology/approach – The drama was based on a fictional scenario described by Hall and Bishop, where a beginner teacher (of European descent) unwittingly diminishes the experiences of Maori and other non-European children in her class. Using a three-phase process planning model and with facilitators in role alongside the students, the drama explored the scenario from all points of view. Students were encouraged to build empathy for the beginner teacher and for the children and also to explore the dilemma faced by the teacher's tutor in deciding whether, and how, to confront the teacher on the issue. Findings – Through the drama, students built a sense of empathy for all sides of the issue and engaged in deep thinking about the experience of cultural exclusion. The safety and distance provided by the drama “frame” spurred students to take leadership roles and “stand up” for issues of social justice. The authors suggest that through such dramas students gain skills and perspectives that they may carry into their professional lives. Research limitations/implications – The paper describes a small project, over one lesson with a specific group of students. More research is needed into the effectiveness of process drama as a sustained strategy for teacher education. Originality/value – This scenario explored in the drama has currency in Aotearoa New Zealand, where the population is increasingly culturally diverse, where underachievement of Maori students continues to be of concern, and where research has shown the centrality of teacher-student relations in raising educational achievement for Maori. The authors believe this paper makes a compelling case for the value of drama as a tool for student teachers to encounter social justice issues in a meaningful way, and suggest that the paper is a valuable contribution to more than one discipline, as it straddles the fields of professional practice and drama as pedagogy
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