379 research outputs found

    Antineutrino flux from the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant

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    We present a calculation of the antineutrino flux produced by the reactors at the Laguna Verde Nuclear Power Plant in M\'exico, based on the antineutrino spectra produced in the decay chains of the fission fragments of the main isotopes in the reactor core, and their fission rates, that have been calculated using the DRAGON simulation code. We also present an estimate of the number of expected events in a detector made of plastic scintillator with a mass of 1 ton, at 100 m from the reactor cores.Comment: 15 pages, 8 figures, 4 table

    Buddhist Thought: Murakami Senshō and Critical Buddhism

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    Status of FNAL SciBooNE experiment

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    SciBooNE is a new experiment at FNAL which will make precision neutrino-nucleus cross section measurements in the one GeV region. These measurements are essential for the future neutrino oscillation experiments. We started data taking in the antineutrino mode on June 8, 2007, and collected 5.19 \times 10^{19} protons on target (POT) before the accelerator shutdown in August. The first data from SciBooNE are reported in this article.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figures. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Topics in Astroparticle and Underground Physics (TAUP) 2007, Sendai, Japan, September 11-15, 200

    First measurement of the muon neutrino charged current quasielastic double differential cross section

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    A high-statistics sample of charged-current muon neutrino scattering events collected with the MiniBooNE experiment is analyzed to extract the first measurement of the double differential cross section (d(2)sigma/dT(mu)dcos theta(mu)) for charged-current quasielastic (CCQE) scattering on carbon. This result features minimal model dependence and provides the most complete information on this process to date. With the assumption of CCQE scattering, the absolute cross section as a function of neutrino energy (sigma[E-nu]) and the single differential cross section (d sigma/dQ(2)) are extracted to facilitate comparison with previous measurements. These quantities may be used to characterize an effective axial-vector form factor of the nucleon and to improve the modeling of low-energy neutrino interactions on nuclear targets. The results are relevant for experiments searching for neutrino oscillations.This work was conducted with support from Fermilab, the U.S. Department of Energy, and the National Science Foundation.Peer reviewe

    Search for core-collapse supernovae using the MiniBooNE neutrino detector

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    We present a search for core-collapse supernovae in the Milky Way galaxy, using the MiniBooNE neutrino detector. No evidence is found for core-collapse supernovae occurring in our Galaxy in the period from December 14, 2004 to July 31, 2008, corresponding to 98% live time for collection. We set a limit on the core-collapse supernova rate out to a distance of 13.4 kpc to be less than 0.69 supernovae per year at 90% C. L.We acknowledge the support of Fermilab, the Department of Energy, and the National Science Foundation. We are grateful to John Beacom for his valuable insight and advice. We thank Alessandro Mirizzi, Georg G. Raffelt, and Pasquale D. Serpico for providing the probability distribution for the Milky Way.Peer reviewe

    Magnus Expansion and Three-Neutrino Oscillations in Matter

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    We present a semi-analytical derivation of the survival probability of solar neutrinos in the three generation scheme, based on the Magnus approximation of the evolution operator of a three level system, and assuming a mass hierarchy among neutrino mass eigenstates. We have used an exponential profile for the solar electron density in our approximation. The different interesting density regions that appear throughout the propagation are analyzed. Finally, some comments on the allowed regions in the solar neutrino parameter space are addressed.Comment: RevTex4 style, 5 pages including 5 figures. Presented at Mexican School of Astrophysics 2002, Guanajuato, Mexico, 31 Jul - 7 Aug 2002. Final version to appear in the Proceedings of IX Mexican Workshop on Particles and Fields Physics Beyond the Standard Model, Colima Col. Mexico, November 17-22, 200

    Ionization efficiency for nuclear recoils in silicon from ∼50\sim 50 eV to 33 MeV

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    We present a model for the nuclear recoil ionization efficiency in silicon based on an extension of Lindhard's theory where atomic bond disruption is modeled as a function of the initial ion energy, the interatomic potential, and the average ion-vacancy production energy. A better description of the electronic stopping than the one assumed by Lindhard, the effect of electronic straggling, as well as charge screening and Coulomb repulsion effects of ions are also considered. The model describes the available data over nearly four orders of magnitude in nuclear recoil energy.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure
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