15,286 research outputs found

    M theory, Joyce Orbifolds and Super Yang-Mills

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    We geometrically engineer d=4 N=1 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories by considering M theory on various Joyce orbifolds. We argue that the superpotential of these models is generated by fractional membrane instantons. The relation of this superpotential to membrane anomalies is also discussed.Comment: v2: A careless error which appeared at the end of section four and propagated to section six has been corrected. (The mistake was to identify the Coxeter number of the gauge group with the order of a certain finite group). The results are unchanged. Some references have also been added. v3: A previously unrecognised monodromy recognised. New monodromy free examples added. 21 pages, Late

    N=1 Heterotic/M-theory Duality and Joyce Manifolds

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    We present an ansatz which enables us to construct heterotic/M-theory dual pairs in four dimensions. It is checked that this ansatz reproduces previous results and that the massless spectra of the proposed dual pairs agree. The new dual pairs consist of M-theory compactifications on Joyce manifolds of G2G_2 holonomy and Calabi-Yau compactifications of heterotic strings. These results are further evidence that M-theory is consistent on orbifolds. Finally, we interpret these results in terms of M-theory geometries which are K3 fibrations and heterotic geometries which are conjectured to be T3T^3 fibrations. Even though the new dual pairs are constructed as non-freely acting orbifolds of existing dual pairs, the adiabatic argument is apparently not violated.Comment: 25 pages, Late

    Planes, branes and automorphisms: I. Static branes

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    This is the first of a series of papers devoted to the group-theoretical analysis of the conditions which must be satisfied for a configuration of intersecting M5-branes to be supersymmetric. In this paper we treat the case of static branes. We start by associating (a maximal torus of) a different subgroup of Spin(10) with each of the equivalence classes of supersymmetric configurations of two M5-branes at angles found by Ohta & Townsend. We then consider configurations of more than two intersecting branes. Such a configuration will be supersymmetric if and only if the branes are G-related, where G is a subgroup of Spin(10) contained in the isotropy of a spinor. For each such group we determine (a lower bound for) the fraction of the supersymmetry which is preserved. We give examples of configurations consisting of an arbitrary number of non-coincident intersecting fivebranes with fractions: 1/32, 1/16, 3/32, 1/8, 5/32, 3/16 and 1/4, and we determine the resulting (calibrated) geometry.Comment: 26 pages (Added a reference and modified one table slightly.

    Branes at angles and calibrated geometry

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    In a recent paper, Ohta and Townsend studied the conditions which must be satisfied for a configuration of two intersecting M5-branes at angles to be supersymmetric. In this paper we extend this result to any number of M5-branes or any number of M2-branes. This is accomplished by interpreting their results in terms of calibrated geometry, which is of independent interest.Comment: 16 pages, LaTeX2e (Minor correction in next to last paragraph of section 5.2
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