534 research outputs found

    The Role of Zakat in National Economic Transformation through Regional Economic Growth in South Sulawesi Province

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    This study aims to determine the contribution of Zakat to economic growth in South Sulawesi Province. The economy of South Sulawesi in the second quarter grew significantly by 7.66 percent, higher than the first quarter of 2021 which recorded a contraction of 0.21 percent. The economic recovery was mainly supported by domestic consumption, which rebounded in line with the increasing mobility of the people. The regional income of South Sulawesi Province was IDR 4.19 trillion, dominated by transfer income. Regional revenue and expenditure budget expenditures were realized at IDR 3.44 trillion in the second quarter of 2021 (31.28% of the 2021 ceiling). Lower than the second quarter of 2020 which reached 41.39%? Most of the budget absorption was realized for operational expenditures (58.79% share) and capital expenditures (25.34%). The business sector, transportation, warehousing, trade, and construction are the main contributors to economic improvement in South Sulawesi Province, which experienced growth during the national economic recovery period of 73.95 percent

    Steelwork design guide using locally produced steel sections second edition

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    Aims principally at students who are following courses in steelwork design as well as at practicing professionals who are interested in the subject. The book consists of design calculations of building elements such as beams, columns, and connections, using locally produced steel sections. Step by step calculations in the design of these elements are presented here to assist civil engineering students and interested professionals alike. The design is based on BS 5950: Part1:1990 Structural use of steelwork in buildings using the dimensions and properties of hot-rolled steel sections produced locally by PERWAJA Steel Sdn. Bhd

    Understanding Malaysian State Governments Fiscal Behavior: The Role of Intergovernmental Transfers

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    As of late, several state governments in Malaysia have been identified as having serious difficulty in meeting their financial needs, to the extent of the government being qualified as on the verge of bankruptcy. One of the explanations put forward is that state governments have been acting irresponsibly in managing finances. Thus, the question that ensues is: why do state governments behave in such irresponsible manner fiscally and financially in the first place? In this paper, we relate the financial difficulties faced by these governments within the confines of the institutional and political environment currently in place within the country. We will examine one of the institutional features of the intergovernmental system in Malaysia – the intergovernmental grants systems. More precisely, there are two hypotheses that will be tested in this research.. First, federal transfers may stimulate more spending by state governments which leads them to increase spending beyond the means available to them. Second, financial problems may be the consequence of a state governments’ incapacity to utilize tax capacities to the fullest, which in turn may be explained by the disincentives effects that are embedded (whether intended or not) within the transfer system.State Governments, Fiscal Behavior, Intergovernmental Relations

    Sample Biochemical Methane Potential from the Digestion of Domestic Mixed Sewage Sludge in Batch Tests

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    Biochemical methane potential (BMP) is a standard test to assess the biogas (including methane) production from the anaerobic digestion of any organic waste. In many anaerobic digestions of sewage sludge, the inoculum to substrate ratio and mixing were variable to take into consideration for efficient performance. However, the organic content in sewage sludge varied due to the composition of the raw wastewater being treated and the treatment condition. This study is focused on the methane production from the digestion of domestic mixed sewage sludge in the batch reactor at different organic contents. Biochemical methane potential (BMP) was conducted at the inoculum to substrate ratio (I/S) ratio of 2:0, each with different organic content. On the termination day of the BMP assay, the sample from each BMP reactor was tested for pH, and alkalinity to determine the status of the anaerobic process. Results showed that the anaerobic process was stable since the pH remained in the pH range which is suitable for the anaerobic process to take place. The anaerobic process was also confirmed stabled as indicated by low value (< 0.3) of intermediate alkalinity to partial alkalinity ratio (IA/PA). The ultimate methane yield was 588.3 ml CH4/g VS at the organic content of 0.52 and 1244.5 ml CH4/g VS at the organic content of 0.68 respectively. For the organic content of 0.68, the maximum methane production rate constant  was 13.97 mL CH4/g VS /hr. For the case of lower organic content, the maximum methane production rate constant was 6.41 mL CH4/g VS /hr. However, the lag phase of the methane yield curve for both organic content was less than one (1) day, showing the good biodegradability of domestic mixed sewage sludge.

    MEMBUDAYAKAN PRINSIP 5S DI ARSYIFA BAKERY

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    Meski memiliki potensi skala kecil, pemilik usaha, termasuk UMKM, harus memperhatikan lingkungan fisik kerja. Produktivitas karyawan akan dipengaruhi oleh tempat kerja yang rapi, nyaman, dan bersih. Keterbatasan ruang membutuhkan solusi yang tepat untuk mencegah lingkungan kerja yang kurang tertata, bersih, dan tidak nyaman. Budaya 5S (Seiri, Seiton, Seiso, Seiketsu, dan Shitsuke) dapat diterapkan di lingkungan produksi sebagai jawaban yang dapat dilakukan. Meskipun perusahaan besar telah sering menggunakan strategi ini, UMKM kecil seperti Arsyifa Bakery juga dapat mengadopsinya. Dengan permasalahan yang dihadapi Arsyifa Bakery antara lain keterbatasan ruang, pemahaman karyawan terhadap budaya 5S dan kebersihan ruang, maka bermaksud untuk menerapkan budaya 5S dengan harapan dapat meningkatkan kebersihan, ketertiban dan kedisiplinan baik barang maupun peralatan serta karyawan UMKM Arsyifa Bakery. Temuan kegiatan menunjukkan bahwa UMKM dapat memperoleh manfaat yang signifikan dari pendekatan 5S. Karyawan mempelajari peralatan dan item mana yang perlu dikategorikan serta bagaimana mengaturnya. Hal ini dibuktikan berdasarkan hasil evaluasi menggunakan 19 indikator yang mana 10 dari 19 indikator mengalami peningkatan penilaian. 9 indikator lainnya tidak memiliki perubahan penilaian dari sebelumnya mengingat indikaotr-indikator tersebut sudah baik pada kondisi sebelum penerapan

    PERBEDAAN HASIL BELAJAR DENGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN INKUIRI DAN GROUP INVESTIGATION (GI) DITINJAU DARI SIKAP ILMIAH PESERTA DIDIK KELAS V PADA MATA PELAJARAN IPA

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    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan hasil belajar, sikap ilmiah, serta interaksi model inkuiri dan GI peserta didik kelas V pada mata pelajaran IPA SDN 37 Cakranegara tahun pelajaran 2019/2020. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif eksperimen, jenis Quasi Eksperimental Design tipe Non Equivalent Control Group Design. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas V SDN 37 Cakranegara sebanyak 47 siswa  yang terbagi menjadi dua kelas yakni kelas A dan B. Tehnik sampling yang digunakan adalah tehnik sampling jenuh yaitu tehnik penentuan sampel yang dimana semua anggota populasi digunakan sebagai sampel. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode tes dan non tes. Data yang diperoleh kemudian dianalisis dengan menggunakan aplikasi SPSS untuk mengetahui adakah perbedaan model inkuiri dan GI terhadap hasil belajar IPA. Berdasarkan hasil post-test diperoleh nilai rata-rata hasil belajar IPA siswa pada kelas inkuiri  (51,78) dan kelas GI (62,81). Hasil perhitungan SPSS diperoleh nilai sig. 0,001 < 0,005 untuk hasil belajar yang dapat dikatakan signifikan, selanjutnya sig. 0,199 > 0,005 pada sikap ilmiah yang menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan antara sikap ilmiah terhadap hasil belajar, dan sig. 0,687 > 0,05 untuk interaksi yang dapat disimpulkan bahwa tidak ada interaksi antara model pembelajaran dan sikap ilmiah terhadap hasil belajar peserta didik kelas V mata pelajaran IPA SDN 37 Cakranegara Tahun pelajaran 2019/202

    Fixed investment, household consumption, and economic growth : a structural vector error correction model (SVECM) study of Malaysia

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    This paper examines the dynamic linkages between economic growth, fixed investment, and household consumption in Malaysia by using a structural vector error correction model (SVECM) approach. The empirical results revealed that household consumption and fixed investment are only significantly influenced output growth in the short run. This finding tends to support the alternative view of growth hypothesis, namely fixed investment-led growth, and household consumption-led growth in the short run. In the long run, there is no significant effect of fixed investment and household consumption on growth. However, in the long run, there is a permanent effect of economic growth on household consumption and investment. This empirical finding signals that a demand side policy (for example, fiscal and monetary policy) by affecting the household consumption and investment is ineffective to stimulate the economic growth in the long run

    Assessing the socio-economic benefits of public R&D activities in Malaysia

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    As an open economy, Malaysia needs to constantly generate and establish new sources of economic growth in order to remain competitive in the long run. This objective can be achieved if Malaysia is capable of increasing its capacity in the use as well as in the development of science, technology and innovation (STI) through research and development (R&D) programmes. Therefore, the Government of Malaysia has introduced various science and technology programmes for the purpose of encouraging R&D and technological innovation to acquire and to advance technological capability. The existence of such programmes shows that the Government is aware of the importance of R&D towards achieving a more prosperous economy and as such, it has played an active role in promoting R&D in the country. The Government-funded R&D programmes are established for the purpose of generating knowledge, creating wealth, and upgrading societal well-being. The involvement of the Malaysian Government in promoting R&D activities has started since the Fifth Malaysia Plan, 1986-1990 with the introduction of the Intensification of Research in Priority Areas (IRPA) grant. This study used econometric analysis in order to examine the extent to which R&D activities contributed towards social and economic development in Malaysia. Our findings suggest that R&D public investments are important to promote economic growth in a long-term period

    Preparation And Characterization Of Kenaf Filled Natural Rubber Latex Foam

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    Kenaf fiber have attracted great interest as filler material in polymer matrix composites (PMC) due to its low cost, and the ability to enhance properties such as tensile strength and modulus, chemical resistance and thermal stability of PMC. However, poor dispersion and incompatibility of kenaf in NRLF still remain as challenging issue for their practical application in various environment. In this research kenaf filled NRLF composite containing 0 to 7 part per hundred rubbers (phr) of kenaf loading was prepared through a well-known Dunlop processing method. Kenaf filled NRLF shows reduction of tensile properties, swelling resistance and thermal stability properties of kenaf filled NRLF composites as compared to the unfilled NRLF. The less physical interaction via penetration and/or interlocking of NRLF chains at kenaf surface contributed to weak interfacial adhesion between kenaf and NRLF which leads to the decreased in properties of kenaf filled NRLF composites. However, with some modification to the kenaf and NRLF, the properties of kenaf filled NRLF were improved. Studies on the partial replacement of kenaf by starch were carried out to determine the potential of starch as replacement for kenaf in NRLF composites. Series of five composites of kenaf/starch filled NRLF composites with different kenaf/starch fraction loading (i.e. 7/0, 5/2, 3.5/3.5, 2/5 and 0/7 phr) were prepared. Partial replacement of kenaf by starch produced hybrid filler composites showed great potential as co-filler with kenaf NRLF composites, at which the tensile properties, swelling resistance, compression and hardness was improved with increased in starch fraction. The thermal stability was higher at 3.5/3.5 kenaf/starch fraction. Based on this series of studies, the corn starch was then used as a co-filler in the formulation of kenaf filled NRLF with fix amount of starch (3 phr). The results show that the tensile strength, elongation at break, swelling resistance, hardness, thermal stability and density were higher compared with samples without corn starch. The morphological study by SEM shows that samples with co-filler have smaller pores size and better distribution. The effect of treated kenaf by alkaline treatment on the properties of kenaf filled NRLF composites were then studied separately. The dispersion of kenaf in NRLF and interfacial adhesion between kenaf and NRLF was further enhanced with the addition of treated kenaf, which enhanced tensile properties, hardness, compression, thermal stability and swelling resistance of the kenaf filled NRLF composites. The used of prevulcanized NRL shows the improvement of several properties of kenaf filled NRLF. The results show that 24 hours was the optimum time for prevulcanization of NRL. By comparing with samples without prevulcanized, samples with prevulcanized NRLF shows higher tensile properties, swelling resistance, density, hardness and thermal stability due to the crosslink density effects. Morphological study by using SEM shows the good interfacial adhesion and uniform pores size of kenaf filled prevulcanized NRLF
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