24 research outputs found

    A review of Islamic credit card models in Malaysia

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    Islamic credit card or better known as Credit Card-i is one of the alternative banking products introduced by Islamic financial institutions in Malaysia to substitute the conventional credit card. This paper aims at reviewing the structures and instruments applied by Islamic Financial Institutions in Malaysia from Shariah Compliance perspectives. The instruments include tawarruk, inah, and ujrah. The method used is descriptive and positive analytical criticism which aims at improving the existing structure

    Herd immunity in buffaloes after intranasal live gdhA derivative P. multocida B:2 vaccine

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    The results of a live attenuated gdhA derivative P. multocida B:2 vaccine on immunity in buffalo herds is described. Three groups of 30 to 50 buffaloes selected from a haemorrhagic septicaemia-endemic and non-endemic area were used. Thirty percent of animals in each group were given intranasal 5 ml inoculum 106 cfu/mL live attenuated gdhA derivative P. multocida B:2. After exposure, vaccinated buffaloes were mingled with non-vaccinated animals of the same group. A booster dose was given 10 months after the first exposure. Serum samples were randomly collected from 30% of each group before vaccination and at 2-month intervals for 22 months to determine herd immune status by ELISA. Endemic or non-endemic herd status was compared with 15 non-vaccinated controls. Results revealed high herd antibody levels in endemic and non-endemic areas before vaccination. After vaccination, herd antibody levels in both areas gradually increased to peak values by the 6th month and then started to gradually decline until month 10. Following booster dose at 10th month, antibodies declined to levels similar to those in unvaccinated animal at 12 to 14 months. Antibody levels then recovered at 22-months (end of study). It was concluded that field vaccination using gdhA derivative P. multocida B:2 increased herd immunity for 8 to 10 months before a booster dose was required

    Lexical verbs in verb-noun collocations : empirical evidence from a Malay ESL learner corpus

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    Previous studies have shown that verbs are indeed one of the essential lexical items that seem to dominate a text. At tertiary levels, learners are often presented with a list of verbs that are essential for English for Academic Purposes (EAP) courses such as academic writing. However, it is believed that the learning and teaching of these verbs goes far beyond the lists of EAP verbs. This is because knowledge of lexical verbs entails not only the knowledge of grammatical structures, but also the knowledge of semantic and syntactic structures. Therefore, this study aims to investigate how commonly used lexical verbs are used in learner writing in the perspectives of grammatical, semantic and syntactic features of verb-noun collocations. To achieve this, a corpus-based study using WordSmith Tools was employed on a learner corpus of Malay ESL learners to identify most-commonly used lexical verbs. These verbs were further given a linguistic analysis using a phraseological-based approach. The findings revealed that the use of transitive verbs led to several occurrences of verb-noun collocations and that the phraseological patterns of these verbs are bound by both lexical and grammatical patterns. This leads to the conclusion that the teaching of lexical verbs, specifically Verb-Noun collocations in academic writing should not only include the semantic elements, but also the syntactical elements of the verbs. It is then recommended that a lesson on lexical verbs should incorporate the teaching and learning of both lexis and grammar

    Reading material selection for bibliotherapy based on blood type in young adult groups

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    Blood type as biological information is still considered a prophecy and pseudoscience that still needs to be proven. It is the easiest and cheapest among other genetic identification tools.This study aimed to map reading material selections based on blood type personality. This study was a quantitative approach through cross-sectional survey. Identification was obtained from data in identity cards and laboratory blood type tests. The study population was 100 UPI LIS students with 80 samples of young adults aged 18-22 through random sampling with stratification. The samples were: 9 respondents with AB blood type and 25 with A blood type. Respondents of O and B blood types each followed the selection of the expected sample was 20 people. Each homogeneous sample filled out a questionnaire on reading material selection aspects. Results showed that 55.6% of the AB blood type chose non-fiction books such as 'how-to' related to hobbies, and 52% of A blood type tended to select non-fiction books that support their tasks and work. Also, 81.8% of B blood type chose fiction books and adventure stories opening up fantasy horizons, and 80% of O blood type chose books that did not always have to be brought to the big screen/filmed; however, they were recommended and told. In conclusion, this blood type personality model can identify young adult clients' profiles to develop bibliotherapy service programs in different types of libraries and make it easier for librarians and bibliotherapists to recommend reading materials suitable for the benefit of preventive-curative bibliotherapy.

    The implications of library 2.0 tools in Malaysian academic libraries towards reference services / Rafidah Abdul Aziz, Zuraidah Arif, Ruzita Ramly... [et.al].

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    A library 2.0 application is an adaptation of Web 2.0 into a library environment to strategically adopt new technology in enhancing the role of libraries. Usage of Library 2.0 tools is just recently present in Malaysian academic libraries. In this paper, the authors attempt to study the implications of implementing Library 2.0 in Malaysian academic libraries. The study is about the implications brought on by e Library 2.0 in Malaysian academic libraries. The purpose of this research is to identify the current trends of the Library 2.0 tools in Malaysian academic libraries towards reference services. The paper attempts to determine the use and the implications of Library 2.0 in reference services in the Malaysian academic libraries. The study covers six research questions including, Which academic libraries fully utilized Library 2.0 tools?, Which Library 2.0 tools are highly used by the academic libraries in Malaysia?, What is the usage statistics of Library 2.0 tools?, What are the implications of Library 2.0 tools in the Malaysian academic libraries?, Which Library 2.0 tools are appropriate for reference services in the Malaysian academic libraries?, and How does Library 2.0 tools assist reference services?.The study used the qualitative method whereby the research performed two approaches: website observation of 15 Malaysian academic library websites and semi-structured interview with five librarians from different academic libraries. The results indicated that Facebook is the most popular with 9 of 15 academic libraries in Malaysia had used this application. Most of the academic libraries used Library 2.0 for the purpose of increasing the interaction with library users in informal ways. Findings from the research are useful for librarians and researchers in studying the usage of Library 2.0 in Malaysia and the benefits gained by the libraries

    Effect Of Cooling Medium And Tempering On Microstructures And Hardness Of SK3 High Carbon Steel

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    This paper presents a study on the effect of heat treatments i. e annealing, quenching, normalizing, and tempering on the characteristics of SK3 high carbon steel. The specimens were heated to austenitizing temperatures at 760C, 840C, 920C, 1000C and 1080°C, before cooled by using different cooling medium i.e. oil quenching, air cooling, and furnace cooling. Tempering process was conducted on the quenched specimen by reheating at 500°C and cooled to room temperature. Material characterization techniques such as hardness test and morphological investigation were carried out for all specimens. The heat treatment has significantly improved the hardness of the material. The quenched specimen (rapid cooling) shows the highest increment of hardness by 709%. This was followed by the normalized specimen (moderate cooling) and annealed specimen (slow cooling) which shows 425% and 170% of increment respectively. However, tempering treatment on the quenched specimen has shown a slight decrease in the hardness value. In terms of microstructure, the annealed specimen produced coarse grain size while the quenched specimen produced a fine grain size. The hardness of the specimen subjected to tempering process is lower than that of quenching process
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