489 research outputs found

    Multiscaling to Standard Scaling Crossover in the Bray-Humayun Model for Phase Ordering Kinetics

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    The Bray-Humayun model for phase ordering dynamics is solved numerically in one and two space dimensions with conserved and non conserved order parameter. The scaling properties are analysed in detail finding the crossover from multiscaling to standard scaling in the conserved case. Both in the nonconserved case and in the conserved case when standard scaling holds the novel feature of an exponential tail in the scaling function is found.Comment: 21 pages, 10 Postscript figure

    Lifshitz-Slyozov Scaling For Late-Stage Coarsening With An Order-Parameter-Dependent Mobility

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    The coarsening dynamics of the Cahn-Hilliard equation with order-parameter dependent mobility, λ(ϕ)∝(1−ϕ2)α\lambda(\phi) \propto (1-\phi^2)^\alpha, is addressed at zero temperature in the Lifshitz-Slyozov limit where the minority phase occupies a vanishingly small volume fraction. Despite the absence of bulk diffusion for α>0\alpha>0, the mean domain size is found to grow as ∝t1/(3+α) \propto t^{1/(3+\alpha)}, due to subdiffusive transport of the order parameter through the majority phase. The domain-size distribution is determined explicitly for the physically relevant case α=1\alpha = 1.Comment: 4 pages, Revtex, no figure

    Glassy dynamics near zero temperature

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    We numerically study finite-dimensional spin glasses at low and zero temperature, finding evidences for (i) strong time/space heterogeneities, (ii) spontaneous time scale separation and (iii) power law distributions of flipping times. Using zero temperature dynamics we study blocking, clustering and persistence phenomena

    Scaling and Crossover in the Large-N Model for Growth Kinetics

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    The dependence of the scaling properties of the structure factor on space dimensionality, range of interaction, initial and final conditions, presence or absence of a conservation law is analysed in the framework of the large-N model for growth kinetics. The variety of asymptotic behaviours is quite rich, including standard scaling, multiscaling and a mixture of the two. The different scaling properties obtained as the parameters are varied are controlled by a structure of fixed points with their domains of attraction. Crossovers arising from the competition between distinct fixed points are explicitely obtained. Temperature fluctuations below the critical temperature are not found to be irrelevant when the order parameter is conserved. The model is solved by integration of the equation of motion for the structure factor and by a renormalization group approach.Comment: 48 pages with 6 figures available upon request, plain LaTe

    Dynamical Scaling: the Two-Dimensional XY Model Following a Quench

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    To sensitively test scaling in the 2D XY model quenched from high-temperatures into the ordered phase, we study the difference between measured correlations and the (scaling) results of a Gaussian-closure approximation. We also directly compare various length-scales. All of our results are consistent with dynamical scaling and an asymptotic growth law L∼(t/ln⁡[t/t0])1/2L \sim (t/\ln[t/t_0])^{1/2}, though with a time-scale t0t_0 that depends on the length-scale in question. We then reconstruct correlations from the minimal-energy configuration consistent with the vortex positions, and find them significantly different from the ``natural'' correlations --- though both scale with LL. This indicates that both topological (vortex) and non-topological (``spin-wave'') contributions to correlations are relevant arbitrarily late after the quench. We also present a consistent definition of dynamical scaling applicable more generally, and emphasize how to generalize our approach to other quenched systems where dynamical scaling is in question. Our approach directly applies to planar liquid-crystal systems.Comment: 10 pages, 10 figure

    Non-trivial exponents in the zero temperature dynamics of the 1D Ising and Potts models

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    URL: http://www-spht.cea.fr/articles/T94/069International audienceWe consider the Glauber dynamics of the q q -state Potts model in one dimension at zero temperature. Starting with a random initial configuration, we measure the density rt r_t of spins which have never flipped from the beginning of the simulation until time t. t. We find that for large t, t, the density rt r_t has a power law decay (rt∼t−θ) \left(r_t \sim t^{-\theta} \right) where the exponent θ \theta varies with q. q. Our simulations lead to θ≃.37 \theta \simeq .37 for q=2, q=2, θ≃.53 \theta \simeq .53 for q=3 q=3 and θ⟶1 \theta \longrightarrow 1 as $ q \longrightarrow \infty .

    The Effect of Shear on Phase-Ordering Dynamics with Order-Parameter-Dependent Mobility: The Large-n Limit

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    The effect of shear on the ordering-kinetics of a conserved order-parameter system with O(n) symmetry and order-parameter-dependent mobility \Gamma({\vec\phi}) \propto (1- {\vec\phi} ^2/n)^\alpha is studied analytically within the large-n limit. In the late stage, the structure factor becomes anisotropic and exhibits multiscaling behavior with characteristic length scales (t^{2\alpha+5}/\ln t)^{1/2(\alpha+2)} in the flow direction and (t/\ln t)^{1/2(\alpha+2)} in directions perpendicular to the flow. As in the \alpha=0 case, the structure factor in the shear-flow plane has two parallel ridges.Comment: 6 pages, 2 figure

    Survival Probability of a Ballistic Tracer Particle in the Presence of Diffusing Traps

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    We calculate the survival probability P_S(t) up to time t of a tracer particle moving along a deterministic trajectory in a continuous d-dimensional space in the presence of diffusing but mutually noninteracting traps. In particular, for a tracer particle moving ballistically with a constant velocity c, we obtain an exact expression for P_S(t), valid for all t, for d<2. For d \geq 2, we obtain the leading asymptotic behavior of P_S(t) for large t. In all cases, P_S(t) decays exponentially for large t, P_S(t) \sim \exp(-\theta t). We provide an explicit exact expression for the exponent \theta in dimensions d \leq 2, and for the physically relevant case, d=3, as a function of the system parameters.Comment: RevTeX, 4 page

    Theory of Phase Ordering Kinetics

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    The theory of phase ordering dynamics -- the growth of order through domain coarsening when a system is quenched from the homogeneous phase into a broken-symmetry phase -- is reviewed, with the emphasis on recent developments. Interest will focus on the scaling regime that develops at long times after the quench. How can one determine the growth laws that describe the time-dependence of characteristic length scales, and what can be said about the form of the associated scaling functions? Particular attention will be paid to systems described by more complicated order parameters than the simple scalars usually considered, e.g. vector and tensor fields. The latter are needed, for example, to describe phase ordering in nematic liquid crystals, on which there have been a number of recent experiments. The study of topological defects (domain walls, vortices, strings, monopoles) provides a unifying framework for discussing coarsening in these different systems.Comment: To appear in Advances in Physics. 85 pages, latex, no figures. For a hard copy with figures, email [email protected]

    Interface fluctuations, bulk fluctuations and dimensionality in the off-equilibrium response of coarsening systems

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    The relationship between statics and dynamics proposed by Franz, Mezard, Parisi and Peliti (FMPP) for slowly relaxing systems [Phys.Rev.Lett. {\bf 81}, 1758 (1998)] is investigated in the framework of non disordered coarsening systems. Separating the bulk from interface response we find that for statics to be retrievable from dynamics the interface contribution must be asymptotically negligible. How fast this happens depends on dimensionality. There exists a critical dimensionality above which the interface response vanishes like the interface density and below which it vanishes more slowly. At d=1d=1 the interface response does not vanish leading to the violation of the FMPP scheme. This behavior is explained in terms of the competition between curvature driven and field driven interface motion.Comment: 11 pages, 3 figures. Significantly improved version of the paper with new results, new numerical simulations and new figure
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