99,391 research outputs found

    Rotating raster generator

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    A rotating raster generator is provided which enables display of a television raster at any arbitrary roll angle. The generator includes four integrator circuits each of which receives a first voltage input corresponding to the sine or cosine of the desired roll angle and a second input comprising conventional horizontal or vertical sync pulses. The integrator circuits each comprise an operational amplifier and a capacitor connected for producing a ramp output having a rate of change proportional to the roll angle input, an electronic switch responsive to the sync input for resetting the integrator, and a summer that adds the ramp output of the integrator to the roll angle input so as to provide a zero-centered deflection control voltage

    Thermodynamic consistency of liquid-gas lattice Boltzmann simulations

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    Lattice Boltzmann simulations have been very successful in simulating liquid-gas and other multi-phase fluid systems. However, the underlying second order analysis of the equation of motion has long been known to be insufficient to consistently derive the fourth order terms that are necessary to represent an extended interface. These same terms are also responsible for thermodynamic consistency, i.e. to obtain a true equilibrium solution with both a constant chemical potential and a constant pressure. In this article we present an equilibrium analysis of non-ideal lattice Boltzmann methods of sufficient order to identify those higher order terms that lead to a lack of thermodynamic consistency. We then introduce a thermodynamically consistent forcing method.Comment: 12 pages, 8 figure

    Modeling Probabilities of Patent Oppositions in a Bayesian Semiparametric Regression Framework

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    Most econometric analyses of patent data rely on regression methods using a parametric form of the predictor for modeling the dependence of the response given certain covariates. These methods often lack the capability of identifying non-linear relationships between dependent and independent variables. We present an approach based on a generalized additive model in order to avoid these shortcomings. Our method is fully Bayesian and makes use of Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) simulation techniques for estimation purposes. Using this methodology we reanalyze the determinants of patent oppositions in Europe for biotechnology/pharmaceutical and semiconductor/computer software patents. Our results largely confirm the findings of a previous parametric analysis of the same data provided by Graham, Hall, Harhoff&Mowery (2002). However, our model specification clearly verifies considerable non-linearities in the effect of various metrical covariates on the probability of an opposition. Furthermore, our semiparametric approach shows that the categorizations of these covariates made by Graham et al. (2002) cannot capture those non--linearities and, from a statistical point of view, appear to somehow ad hoc

    Propagation of flexural and membrane waves with fluid loaded NASTRAN plate and shell elements

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    Modeling of flexural and membrane type waves existing in various submerged (or in vacuo) plate and/or shell finite element models that are excited with steady state type harmonic loadings proportioned to e(i omega t) is discussed. Only thin walled plates and shells are treated wherein rotary inertia and shear correction factors are not included. More specifically, the issue of determining the shell or plate mesh size needed to represent the spatial distribution of the plate or shell response is of prime importance towards successfully representing the solution to the problem at hand. To this end, a procedure is presented for establishing guide lines for determining the mesh size based on a simple test model that can be used for a variety of plate and shell configurations such as, cylindrical shells with water loading, cylindrical shells in vacuo, plates with water loading, and plates in vacuo. The procedure for doing these four cases is given, with specific numerical examples present only for the cylindrical shell case

    Effect of resonance-oblateness coupling on a satellite orbit

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    Second order effects of the coupling between geopotential resonance and oblateness on a satellite orbit are calculated. Results show that: (1) these effects arise from the interaction of resonance with the secular changes of the orbit's node, perigee, and mean anomaly; (2) they have the same period and phase as first order resonance perturbations; and (3) their amplitudes are proportional to the square of the period and dominate the first order effects as the orbit becomes commensurate. A striking example of this coupling is seen in the 18 day resonance variation of the node of the orbit of the first earth resources technology satellite. Analysis of this one arc second (31m) variation yielded a strong 14th order constraint to the geopotential for odd degree terms. This constraint is poorly predicted by current models

    The restricted problem of three bodies /3/ Final report

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    Variations of limiting asymptotic orbits with mass ratio for restricted three body proble

    The geopotential at synchronous-orbit altitudes

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    The earth's gravity potential at synchronous orbit satellite altitudes is studied by analyzing the small effects of the resonant harmonic of gravity in tracking data from eight satellites during 21 distinct drift-free arcs. Results show: (1) absolute accuracy of second degree resonant geopotential coefficients better than three percent and coefficients through fourth degree better than 15 percent; (2) positions of equilibrium points for geostationary satellites better than 1/2 degree; and (3) accuracy in predicting orbits for 24-hour satellites better than 1 degree for periods greater than 2 years