1,273 research outputs found

    Effective coupling between two Brownian particles

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    We use the system-plus-reservoir approach to study the dynamics of a system composed of two independent Brownian particles. We present an extension of the well-known model of a bath of oscillators which is capable of inducing an effective coupling between the two particles depending on the choice made for the spectral function of the bath oscillators. The coupling is non-linear in the variables of interest and an exponential dependence on these variables is imposed in order to guarantee the translational invariance of the model if the two particles are not subject to any external potential. The effective equations of motion for the particles are obtained by the Laplace transform method and besides recovering all the local dynamical properties for each particle we end up with an effective interaction potential between them. We explicitly analyze one of its possible forms.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figur

    Dissipative quantum systems modeled by a two level reservoir coupling

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    The coupling between a quantum dynamical system and a two-level system reservoir is analysed within the framework of the Feynman-Vernon theory. We stress the differences between this new reservoir and the well-known bath of oscillators and show that, in order to obtain the Langevin equation for the system of interest in the high temperature regime, we have to choose a spectral distribution function J(ω)J(\omega) which is finite for ω=0\omega=0.Comment: 6 pages, RevteX, preprint UNICAM

    Dynamical decoupling induced renormalization of the non-Markovian dynamics

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    In this work we develop a numerical framework to investigate the renormalization of the non-Markovian dynamics of an open quantum system to which dynamical decoupling is applied. We utilize a non-Markovian master equation which is derived from the non-Markovian quantum trajectories formalism. It contains incoherent Markovian dynamics and coherent Schr\"odinger dynamics as its limiting cases and is capable of capture the transition between them. We have performed comprehensive simulations for the cases in which the system is either driven by the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck noise or or is described by the spin-boson model. The renormalized dynamics under bang-bang control and continuous dynamical decoupling are simulated. Our results indicate that the renormalization of the non-Markovian dynamics depends crucially on the spectral density of the environment and the envelop of the decoupling pulses. The framework developed in this work hence provides an unified approach to investigate the efficiency of realistic decoupling pulses. This work also opens a way to further optimize the decoupling via pulse shaping

    The mobility and diffusion of a particle coupled to a Luttinger liquid

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    We study the mobility of a particle coupled to a one dimensional interacting fermionic system, a Luttinger liquid. We bosonize the Luttinger liquid and find the effective interaction between the particle and the bosonic system. We show that the dynamics of this system is completely equivalent to the acoustic polaron problem where the interaction has purely electronic origin. This problem has a zero mode excitation, or soliton, in the strong coupling limit which corresponds to the formation of a polarization cloud due to the fermion-fermion interaction around the particle. We obtain that, due to the scattering of the residual bosonic modes, the soliton has a finite mobility and diffusion coefficient at finite temperatures which depend on the fermion-fermion interaction. We show that at low temperatures the mobility and the diffusion coefficient are proportional to T4T^{-4} and T5T^5 respectively and at high temperatures the mobility vanishes as T1T^{-1} while the diffusion increases as TT.Comment: 9 pages, Revtex, UIUC preprin