727 research outputs found

### Differential Rigidity of Anosov Actions of Higher Rank Abelian Groups and Algebraic Lattice Actions

We show that most homogeneous Anosov actions of higher rank Abelian groups
are locally smoothly rigid (up to an automorphism). This result is the main
part in the proof of local smooth rigidity for two very different types of
algebraic actions of irreducible lattices in higher rank semisimple Lie groups:
(i) the Anosov actions by automorphisms of tori and nil-manifolds, and (ii) the
actions of cocompact lattices on Furstenberg boundaries, in particular,
projective spaces. The main new technical ingredient in the proofs is the use
of a proper "non-stationary" generalization of the classical theory of normal
forms for local contractions.Comment: 28 pages, LaTe

### Entropy and Poincar\'e recurrence from a geometrical viewpoint

We study Poincar\'e recurrence from a purely geometrical viewpoint. We prove
that the metric entropy is given by the exponential growth rate of return times
to dynamical balls. This is the geometrical counterpart of Ornstein-Weiss
theorem. Moreover, we show that minimal return times to dynamical balls grow
linearly with respect to its length. Finally, some interesting relations
between recurrence, dimension, entropy and Lyapunov exponents of ergodic
measures are given.Comment: 11 pages, revised versio

### Geometric variations of the Boltzmann entropy

We perform a calculation of the first and second order infinitesimal
variations, with respect to energy, of the Boltzmann entropy of constant energy
hypersurfaces of a system with a finite number of degrees of freedom. We
comment on the stability interpretation of the second variation in this
framework.Comment: 9 pages, no figure

### A "metric" complexity for weakly chaotic systems

We consider the number of Bowen sets which are necessary to cover a large
measure subset of the phase space. This introduce some complexity indicator
characterizing different kind of (weakly) chaotic dynamics. Since in many
systems its value is given by a sort of local entropy, this indicator is quite
simple to be calculated. We give some example of calculation in nontrivial
systems (interval exchanges, piecewise isometries e.g.) and a formula similar
to the Ruelle-Pesin one, relating the complexity indicator to some initial
condition sensitivity indicators playing the role of positive Lyapunov
exponents.Comment: 15 pages, no figures. Articl

### Invariant sets for discontinuous parabolic area-preserving torus maps

We analyze a class of piecewise linear parabolic maps on the torus, namely
those obtained by considering a linear map with double eigenvalue one and
taking modulo one in each component. We show that within this two parameter
family of maps, the set of noninvertible maps is open and dense. For cases
where the entries in the matrix are rational we show that the maximal invariant
set has positive Lebesgue measure and we give bounds on the measure. For
several examples we find expressions for the measure of the invariant set but
we leave open the question as to whether there are parameters for which this
measure is zero.Comment: 19 pages in Latex (with epsfig,amssymb,graphics) with 5 figures in
eps; revised version: section 2 rewritten, new example and picture adde

### Slow Diffeomorphisms of a Manifold with Two Dimensions Torus Action

The uniform norm of the differential of the n-th iteration of a
diffeomorphism is called the growth sequence of the diffeomorphism. In this
paper we show that there is no lower universal growth bound for volume
preserving diffeomorphisms on manifolds with an effective two dimensions torus
action by constructing a set of volume-preserving diffeomorphisms with
arbitrarily slow growth.Comment: 12 p

### Analysis of Round Off Errors with Reversibility Test as a Dynamical Indicator

We compare the divergence of orbits and the reversibility error for discrete
time dynamical systems. These two quantities are used to explore the behavior
of the global error induced by round off in the computation of orbits. The
similarity of results found for any system we have analysed suggests the use of
the reversibility error, whose computation is straightforward since it does not
require the knowledge of the exact orbit, as a dynamical indicator. The
statistics of fluctuations induced by round off for an ensemble of initial
conditions has been compared with the results obtained in the case of random
perturbations. Significant differences are observed in the case of regular
orbits due to the correlations of round off error, whereas the results obtained
for the chaotic case are nearly the same. Both the reversibility error and the
orbit divergence computed for the same number of iterations on the whole phase
space provide an insight on the local dynamical properties with a detail
comparable with other dynamical indicators based on variational methods such as
the finite time maximum Lyapunov characteristic exponent, the mean exponential
growth factor of nearby orbits and the smaller alignment index. For 2D
symplectic maps the differentiation between regular and chaotic regions is well
full-filled. For 4D symplectic maps the structure of the resonance web as well
as the nearby weakly chaotic regions are accurately described.Comment: International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, 201

### The link between coherence echoes and mode locking

We investigate the appearance of sharp pulses in the mean field of Kuramoto-type globally- coupled phase oscillator systems. In systems with exactly equidistant natural frequencies self- organized periodic pulsations of the mean field, called mode locking, have been described re- cently as a new collective dynamics below the synchronization threshold. We show here that mode locking can appear also for frequency combs with modes of finite width, where the natu- ral frequencies are randomly chosen from equidistant frequency intervals. In contrast to that, so called coherence echoes, which manifest themselves also as pulses in the mean field, have been found in systems with completely disordered natural frequencies as the result of two consecutive stimulations applied to the system. We show that such echo pulses can be explained by a stimula- tion induced mode locking of a subpopulation representing a frequency comb. Moreover, we find that the presence of a second harmonic in the interaction function, which can lead to the global stability of the mode-locking regime for equidistant natural frequencies, can enhance the echo phenomenon significantly. The non-monotonous behavior of echo amplitudes can be explained as a result of the linear dispersion within the self-organized mode-locked frequency comb. Fi- nally we investigate the effect of small periodic stimulations on oscillator systems with disordered natural frequencies and show how the global coupling can support the stimulated pulsation by increasing the width of locking plateaus

### Local dynamics for fibered holomorphic transformations

Fibered holomorphic dynamics are skew-product transformations over an
irrational rotation, whose fibers are holomorphic functions. In this paper we
study such a dynamics on a neighborhood of an invariant curve. We obtain some
results analogous to the results in the non fibered case

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