3,501 research outputs found

    Spin Torque Dynamics with Noise in Magnetic Nano-System

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    We investigate the role of equilibrium and nonequilibrium noise in the magnetization dynamics on mono-domain ferromagnets. Starting from a microscopic model we present a detailed derivation of the spin shot noise correlator. We investigate the ramifications of the nonequilibrium noise on the spin torque dynamics, both in the steady state precessional regime and the spin switching regime. In the latter case we apply a generalized Fokker-Planck approach to spin switching, which models the switching by an Arrhenius law with an effective elevated temperature. We calculate the renormalization of the effective temperature due to spin shot noise and show that the nonequilibrium noise leads to the creation of cold and hot spot with respect to the noise intensity.Comment: 10 pages, 7 figure

    Quantum decay of dark solitons in one dimensional Bose systems

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    Unless protected by the exact integrability, solitons are subject to dissipative forces, originating from a thermally fluctuating background. At low enough temperatures TT background fluctuations should be considered as being quantized which enables us to calculate finite lifetime of the solitons τT4\tau\sim T^{-4}. We also find that the coherent nature of the quantum fluctuations leads to long-range interactions between the solitons mediated by the superradiation. Our results are of relevance to current experiments with ultracold atoms, while the approach may be extended to solitons in other media.Comment: 5 pages, 1 figure. Accepted for publication in PRL

    Time-evolution and dynamical phase transitions at a critical time in a system of one dimensional bosons after a quantum quench

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    A renormalization group approach is used to show that a one dimensional system of bosons subject to a lattice quench exhibits a finite-time dynamical phase transition where an order parameter within a light-cone increases as a non-analytic function of time after a critical time. Such a transition is also found for a simultaneous lattice and interaction quench where the effective scaling dimension of the lattice becomes time-dependent, crucially affecting the time-evolution of the system. Explicit results are presented for the time-evolution of the boson interaction parameter and the order parameter for the dynamical transition as well as for more general quenches.Comment: final published versio

    Weak Charge Quantization as an Instanton of Interacting sigma-model

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    Coulomb blockade in a quantum dot attached to a diffusive conductor is considered in the framework of the non-linear sigma-model. It is shown that the weak charge quantization on the dot is associated with instanton configurations of the Q-field in the conductor. The instantons have a finite action and are replica non--symmetric. It is argued that such instantons may play a role in the transition regime to the interacting insulator.Comment: 4 pages. The 2D case substantially modifie

    Coulomb Gas on the Keldysh Contour: Anderson-Yuval-Hamann representation of the Nonequilibrium Two Level System

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    The nonequilibrium tunnelling center model of a localized electronic level coupled to a fluctuating two-state system and to two electronic reservoirs, is solved via an Anderson-Yuval-Hamann mapping onto a plasma of alternating positive and negative charges time-ordered along the two "Keldysh" contours needed to describe nonequilibrium physics. The interaction between charges depends both on whether their time separation is small or large compared to a dephasing scale defined in terms of the chemical potential difference between the electronic reservoirs and on whether their time separation is larger or smaller than a decoherence scale defined in terms of the current flowing from one reservoir to another. A renormalization group transformation appropriate to the nonequilibrium problem is defined. An important feature is the presence in the model of a new coupling, essentially the decoherence rate, which acquires an additive renormalization similar to that of the energy in equilibrium problems. The method is used to study interplay between the dephasing-induced formation of independent resonances tied to the two chemical potentials and the decoherence which cuts off the scaling and leads to effectively classical long-time behavior. We determine the effect of departures from equilibrium on the localization-delocalization phase transition.Comment: discussion and references added, to appear in PR

    Relaxation, pre-thermalization and diffusion in a noisy Quantum Ising Chain

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    We study the dynamics of thermalization resulting from a time-dependent noise in a Quantum Ising Chain subject to a sudden quench of the transverse magnetic field. For weak noise the dynamics shows a pre-thermalized state at intermediate time scales, eventually drifting towards an asymptotic infinite temperature steady state characterized by diffusive behavior. By computing analytically the density of kinks, as well as the transverse and longitudinal magnetic field correlators, we characterize these two regimes, their observability and their signatures in the various physical quantities.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures. Accepted for publication in PRB Rapid Communication