30,060 research outputs found

### Multi-excitons in self-assembled InAs/GaAs quantum dots: A pseudopotential, many-body approach

We use a many-body, atomistic empirical pseudopotential approach to predict
the multi-exciton emission spectrum of a lens shaped InAs/GaAs self-assembled
quantum dot. We discuss the effects of (i) The direct Coulomb energies,
including the differences of electron and hole wavefunctions, (ii) the exchange
Coulomb energies and (iii) correlation energies given by a configuration
interaction calculation. Emission from the groundstate of the $N$ exciton
system to the $N-1$ exciton system involving $e_0\to h_0$ and $e_1\to h_1$
recombinations are discussed. A comparison with a simpler single-band,
effective mass approach is presented

### A summary report on system effectiveness and optimization study

Report treats optimization and effectiveness separately. Report illustrates example of dynamic programming solution to system optimization. Computer algorithm has been developed to solve effectiveness problem and is included in report

### Anomalous enhancement of a penguin hadronic matrix element in B->K eta'

We estimate the density matrix element for the pi^0, eta and eta' production
from the vacuum in the large-N_c limit. As a consequence, we find that the QCD
axial anomaly leads to highly non-trivial corrections to the usual flavour
SU(3) relations between B^0-> K^0 pi^0, B^0-> K^0 eta and B^0-> K^0 eta' decay
amplitudes. These corrections may explain why the B-> K eta' branching ratio is
about six times larger than the B-> K pi one.Comment: 5 pages, 1 figur

### Dielectric Response of Periodic Systems from Quantum Monte Carlo Calculations

We present a novel approach that allows to calculate the dielectric response
of periodic systems in the quantum Monte Carlo formalism. We employ a many-body
generalization for the electric enthalpy functional, where the coupling with
the field is expressed via the Berry-phase formulation for the macroscopic
polarization. A self-consistent local Hamiltonian then determines the
ground-state wavefunction, allowing for accurate diffusion quantum Monte Carlo
calculations where the polarization's fixed point is estimated from the average
on an iterative sequence, sampled via forward-walking. This approach has been
validated for the case of an isolated hydrogen atom, and then applied to a
periodic system, to calculate the dielectric susceptibility of
molecular-hydrogen chains. The results found are in excellent agreement with
the best estimates obtained from the extrapolation of quantum-chemistry
calculations.Comment: 5 page 2figure

### Shifts in hexapod diversification and what Haldane could have said

Data on species richness and taxon age are assembled for the extant hexapod orders (insects and their six-legged relatives). Coupled with estimates of phylogenetic relatedness, and simple statistical null models, these data are used to locate where, on the hexapod tree, significant changes in the rate of cladogenesis (speciation-minus-extinction rate) have occurred. Significant differences are found between many successive pairs of sister taxa near the base of the hexapod tree, all of which are attributable to a shift in diversification rate after the origin of the Neoptera (insects with wing flexion) and before the origin of the Holometabola (insects with complete metamorphosis). No other shifts are identifiable amongst supraordinal taxa. Whilst the Coleoptera have probably diversified faster than either of their putative sister lineages, they do not stand out relative to other closely related clades. These results suggest that any Creator had a fondness for a much more inclusive clade than the Coleoptera, definitely as large as the Eumetabola (Holometabola plus bugs and their relatives), and possibly as large as the entire Neoptera. Simultaneous, hence probable causative events are discussed, of which the origin of wing flexion has been the focus of much attention

### Comparison of two methods for describing the strain profiles in quantum dots

The electronic structure of interfaces between lattice-mismatched
semiconductor is sensitive to the strain. We compare two approaches for
calculating such inhomogeneous strain -- continuum elasticity (CE, treated as a
finite difference problem) and atomistic elasticity (AE). While for small
strain the two methods must agree, for the large strains that exist between
lattice-mismatched III-V semiconductors (e.g. 7% for InAs/GaAs outside the
linearity regime of CE) there are discrepancies. We compare the strain profile
obtained by both approaches (including the approximation of the correct C_2
symmetry by the C_4 symmetry in the CE method), when applied to C_2-symmetric
InAs pyramidal dots capped by GaAs.Comment: To appear in J. Appl. Physic

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