419 research outputs found

    Fluctuations of the Josephson current and electron-electron interactions in superconducting weak links

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    We derive a microscopic effective action for superconducting contacts with arbitrary transmission distribution of conducting channels. Provided fluctuations of the Josephson phase remain sufficiently small our formalism allows to fully describe fluctuation and interaction effects in such systems. As compared to the well studied tunneling limit our analysis yields a number of qualitatively new features which occur due to the presence of subgap Andreev bound states in the system. We investigate the equilibrium supercurrent noise and evaluate the electron-electron interaction correction to the Josephson current across superconducting contacts. At T=0 this correction is found to vanish for fully transparent contacts indicating the absence of Coulomb effects in this limit.Comment: 12 pages, 4 figure

    Non-local Andreev reflection under ac bias

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    We theoretically analyze non-local electron transport in multi-terminal normal-metal-superconductor-normal-metal (NSN) devices in the presence of an external ac voltage bias. Our analysis reveals a number of interesting effects, such as, e.g., photon-assisted violation of balance between crossed Andreev reflection (CAR) and elastic cotunneling (EC). We demonstrate that at sufficiently small (typically subgap) frequencies of an external ac signal and at low temperatures the non-local conductance of the NSN device turns negative implying that in this regime CAR contribution to the non-local current dominates over that of EC. Our predictions can be directly tested in future experiments.Comment: published version, 6 pages, 3 figure