914 research outputs found

### Long range triplet Josephson effect through a ferromagnetic trilayer

We study the Josephson current through a ferromagnetic trilayer, both in the
diffusive and clean limits. For colinear (parallel or antiparallel)
magnetizations in the layers, the Josephson current is small due to short range
proximity effect in superconductor/ferromagnet structures. For non colinear
magnetizations, we determine the conditions for the Josephson current to be
dominated by another contribution originating from long range triplet proximity
effect.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figure

### Long range statistical fluctuations of the crossed Josephson current

We investigate the crossed Josephson effect in a geometry consisting of a
double ferromagnetic bridge between two superconductors, with tunnel
interfaces. The crossed Josephson current vanishes on average because the
Andreev reflected hole does not follow the same sequence of impurities as the
incoming electron. We show that i) the root mean square of the crossed
Josephson current distribution is proportional to the square root of the
junction area; and ii) the coherent coupling mediated by fluctuations is ``long
range'' since it decays over the ferromagnet phase coherence length $l_\phi$,
larger than the exchange length. We predict a crossed Josephson current due to
fluctuations if the length of the ferromagnets is smaller than $l_\phi$ and
larger than the exchange length $\xi_h$.Comment: 8 pages, 3 figures, modifications in the presentatio

### Long ranged singlet proximity effect in ferromagnetic nanowires

Recently a long ranged superconductor/ferromagnet (S/F) proximity effect has
been reported in Co crystalline nanowires [1, Nature, 6 389 (2010)]. Since the
authors of [1] take care to avoid the existence of magnetic domains, the
triplet character of the long ranged proximity effect is improbable. Here we
demonstrate that in the one-dimensional ballistic regime the standard singlet
S/F proximity effect becomes long ranged. We provide an exact solution for the
decay of the superconducting correlations near critical temperature ($T_{c}$)
and for arbitrary impurities concentration. In particular we find a specific
regime, between the diffusive and ballistic ones, where the decay length is
simply the electronic mean-free path. Finally possible experiments which could
permit to elucidate the nature of the observed long ranged proximity effect in
Co nanowires are discussed.Comment: 4 page

### Peculiar properties of the Josephson junction at the transition from 0 to Pi state

It is demonstrated that in the diffusive
superconductor-ferromagnet-superconductor (S/F/S) junctions the current-phase
relation is practically sinusoidal everywhere except in a narrow region near
the 0-Pi transition. In this region the second harmonic dominates the scenario
of the 0-Pi transition. We predict a first order transition for the S/F/S
junctions with a homogeneous F barrier. However, in real junctions a small
modulation of the thickness of the barrier may favor the continious 0-Pi
transition and the realisation of the Josephson junction with an arbitrary
ground state phase difference. The performed calculations of the second
harmonic amplitude provide a natural explanation of the recent contradictory
results on the second harmonic measurements.Comment: Corrected version. To be published in PRB Rapid Communication

### Scanning Tunneling Spectroscopy of the superconducting proximity effect in a diluted ferromagnetic alloy

We studied the proximity effect between a superconductor (Nb) and a diluted
ferromagnetic alloy (CuNi) in a bilayer geometry. We measured the local density
of states on top of the ferromagnetic layer, which thickness varies on each
sample, with a very low temperature Scanning Tunneling Microscope. The measured
spectra display a very high homogeneity. The analysis of the experimental data
shows the need to take into account an additional scattering mechanism. By
including in the Usadel equations the effect of the spin relaxation in the
ferromagnetic alloy, we obtain a good description of the experimental data.Comment: 7 pages, 6 figure

### Triplet contribution to the Josephson current in the nonequilibrium superconductor/ferromagnet/superconductor junction

The Josephson current through a long s-wave superconductor/weak
ferromagnet/s-wave superconductor weak link is studied theoretically in the
regime of nonequilibrium spin-dependent occupation of electron states in the
ferromagnetic intelayer. While under the considered nonequilibrium condition
the standard supercurrent, carried by the singlet part of current-carrying
density of states, is not modified, the additional supercurrent flowing via the
triplet part of the current-carrying density of states appears. Depending on
voltage, controlling the particular form of spin-dependent nonequilibrium in
the interlayer, this additional current can enhance or reduce the usual current
of the singlet component and also switch the junction between 0- and
$\pi$-states.Comment: 4 pages, 1 figur

### Proximity effect in atomic-scaled hybrid superconductor/ferromagnet structures: crucial role of electron spectra

We study the influence of the configuration of the majority and minority spin
subbands of electron spectra on the properties of atomic-scaled
superconductor-ferromagnet S-F-S and F-S-F hybrid structures. At low
temperatures, the S/F/S junction is either a 0 or junction depending on the
energy shift between S and F materials and the anisotropy of the Fermi
surfaces. We found that the spin switch effect in F/S/F system can be reversed
if the minority spin electron spectra in F metal is of the hole-like type

### What is the value of the superconducting gap of a F/S/F trilayer ?

Based on the model of F/S/F trilayer with atomic thickness [A. Buzdin and M.
Daumens, cond-mat/0305320] we discuss the relative roles of pair-breaking and
proximity effects, as a function of the exchange field, of disorder and of a
finite thickness in the superconducting layer. The exchange field can be small
(weak ferromagnets) or large (strong ferromagnets) compared to the
superconducting gap. With weak ferromagnets we show the existence of a
reentrant superconducting gap for the F/S/F trilayer with atomic thickness in
the parallel alignment (equivalent to the F/S bilayer). Qualitatively small
disorder is equivalent to reducing the value of the hopping parameters. In the
presence of a finite thickness in the superconducting layer the superconducting
gap in the antiparallel alignment is larger than in the parallel alignment,
meaning that pair breaking dominates over the proximity effect.Comment: 7 pages, 3 figure

### Resonant peak in the density of states in the normal metal / diffusive ferromagnet / superconductor junctions

The conditions for the formation of zero-energy peak in the density of states
(DOS) in the normal metal / insulator / diffusive ferromagnet / insulator /
s-wave superconductor (N/I/DF/I/S) junctions are studied by solving the Usadel
equations. The DOS of the DF is calculated in various regimes for different
magnitudes of the resistance, Thouless energy and the exchange field of the DF,
as well as for various resistances of the insulating barriers. The conditions
for the DOS peak are formulated for the cases of weak proximity effect (large
resistance of the DF/S interface) and strong proximity effect (small resistance
of the DF/S interface).Comment: 4 pages, 4 figure

### Nonsinusoidal current-phase relations and the $0-\pi$ transition in diffusive ferromagnetic Josephson junctions

We study the effect of the interfacial transparency on the Josephson current
in a diffusive ferromagnetic contact between two superconductors. In contrast
to the cases of the fully transparent and the low-transparency interfaces, the
current-phase relation is shown to be nonsinusoidal for a finite transparency.
It is demonstrated that even for the nearly fully transparent interfaces the
small corrections due to weak interfacial disorders contribute a small
second-harmonic component in the current-phase relation. For a certain
thicknesses of the ferromagnetic contact and the exchange field this can lead
to a tiny minimum supercurrent at the crossover between 0 and $\pi$ states of
the junction. Our theory has a satisfactory agreement with the recent
experiments in which a finite supercurrent was observed at the transition
temperature. We further explain the possibility for observation of a large
residual supercurrent if the interfaces have an intermediate transparency.Comment: 7 pages, 4 figure

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