3,740 research outputs found

    Inflation in asymptotically safe f(R) theory

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    We discuss the existence of inflationary solutions in a class of renormalization group improved polynomial f(R) theories, which have been studied recently in the context of the asymptotic safety scenario for quantum gravity. These theories seem to possess a nontrivial ultraviolet fixed point, where the dimensionful couplings scale according to their canonical dimensionality. Assuming that the cutoff is proportional to the Hubble parameter, we obtain modified Friedmann equations which admit both power law and exponential solutions. We establish that for sufficiently high order polynomial the solutions are reliable, in the sense that considering still higher order polynomials is very unlikely to change the solution.Comment: Presented at 14th Conference on Recent Developments in Gravity: NEB 14, Ioannina, Greece, 8-11 Jun 201

    Dynamical System Analysis of Cosmologies with Running Cosmological Constant from Quantum Einstein Gravity

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    We discuss a mechanism that induces a time-dependent vacuum energy on cosmological scales. It is based on the instability induced renormalization triggered by the low energy quantum fluctuations in a Universe with a positive cosmological constant. We employ the dynamical systems approach to study the qualitative behavior of Friedmann-Robertson-Walker cosmologies where the cosmological constant is dynamically evolving according with this nonperturbative scaling at low energies. It will be shown that it is possible to realize a "two regimes" dark energy phases, where an unstable early phase of power-law evolution of the scale factor is followed by an accelerated expansion era at late times.Comment: 26 pages, 4 figures. To appear in New Journal of Physic

    Quantum Gravity effects near the null black hole singularity

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    The structure of the Cauchy Horizon singularity of a black hole formed in a generic collapse is studied by means of a renormalization group equation for quantum gravity. It is shown that during the early evolution of the Cauchy Horizon the increase of the mass function is damped when quantum fluctuations of the metric are taken into account.Comment: 15 Pages, one figure. Minor changes in the presentation, to appear on Phys.Rev.

    Improved Action Functionals in Non-Perturbative Quantum Gravity

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    Models of gravity with variable G and Lambda have acquired greater relevance after the recent evidence in favour of the Einstein theory being non-perturbatively renormalizable in the Weinberg sense. The present paper builds a modified Arnowitt-Deser-Misner (ADM) action functional for such models which leads to a power-law growth of the scale factor for pure gravity and for a massless phi**4 theory in a Universe with Robertson-Walker symmetry, in agreement with the recently developed fixed-point cosmology. Interestingly, the renormalization-group flow at the fixed point is found to be compatible with a Lagrangian description of the running quantities G and Lambda.Comment: Latex file. Record without file already exists on SLAC-SPIRES, and hence that record and the one for the present arxiv submission should become one record onl

    Chiral symmetry breaking in the Wegner-Houghton approach

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    The Wegner-Houghton formulation of the exact renormalization group evolution equation is used in order to study the chiral symmetry breaking of the linear sigma model coupled to an isospin doublet of quarks. A numerical investigation for a particular truncation of the equation which includes the scalar field renormalization function is presented.Comment: 4 pages,4 eps figures. Contribution to CRIS2000, Catania, May 200

    Cosmological Perturbations in Renormalization Group Derived Cosmologies

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    A linear cosmological perturbation theory of an almost homogeneous and isotropic perfect fluid Universe with dynamically evolving Newton constant GG and cosmological constant Λ\Lambda is presented. A gauge-invariant formalism is developed by means of the covariant approach, and the acoustic propagation equations governing the evolution of the comoving fractional spatial gradients of the matter density, GG, and Λ\Lambda are thus obtained. Explicit solutions are discussed in cosmologies where both GG and Λ\Lambda vary according to renormalization group equations in the vicinity of a fixed point.Comment: 22 pages, revtex, subeqn.sty, to appear on IJMP

    Proper Time Flow Equation for Gravity

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    We analyze a proper time renormalization group equation for Quantum Einstein Gravity in the Einstein-Hilbert truncation and compare its predictions to those of the conceptually different exact renormalization group equation of the effective average action. We employ a smooth infrared regulator of a special type which is known to give rise to extremely precise critical exponents in scalar theories. We find perfect consistency between the proper time and the average action renormalization group equations. In particular the proper time equation, too, predicts the existence of a non-Gaussian fixed point as it is necessary for the conjectured nonperturbative renormalizability of Quantum Einstein Gravity.Comment: 11 pages, revtex4, no figures, bibte

    Relativistic effects in the solar EOS

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    We study the sensitivity of the sound speed to relativistic corrections of the equation of state (EOS) in the standard solar model by means of a helioseismic forward analysis. We use the latest GOLF/SOHO data for ℓ=0,1,2,3\ell = 0,1,2,3 modes to confirm that the inclusion of the relativistic corrections to the adiabatic exponent Γ1\Gamma_1 computed from both OPAL and MHD EOS leads to a more reliable theoretical modelling of the innermost layers of the Sun.Comment: 3 pages, 3 figures, aa.cls, to appear on Astronomy and Astrophysic
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