426 research outputs found

    Nuclear fragmentation by tunneling

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    Fragmentation of nuclear system by tunneling is discussed in a molecular dynamics simulation coupled with imaginary time method. In this way we obtain informations on the fragmenting systems at low densities and temperatures. These conditions cannot be reached normally (i.e. above the barrier) in nucleus-nucleus or nucleon-nucleus collisions. The price to pay is the small probability of fragmentation by tunneling but we obtain observables which can be a clear signature of such phenomena.Comment: Phys.Rev.C (submitted

    Higher Order Corrections to Density and Temperature of Fermions from Quantum Fluctuations

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    A novel method to determine the density and temperature of a system based on quantum Fermionic fluctuations is generalized to the limit where the reached temperature T is large compared to the Fermi energy {\epsilon}f . Quadrupole and particle multiplicity fluctuations relations are derived in terms of T . The relevant Fermi integrals are numerically solved for any values of T and compared to the analytical approximations. The classical limit is obtained, as expected, in the limit of large temperatures and small densities. We propose simple analytical formulas which reproduce the numerical results, valid for all values of T . The entropy can also be easily derived from quantum fluctuations and give important insight for the behavior of the system near a phase transition. A comparison of the quantum entropy to the entropy derived from the ratio of the number of deuterons to neutrons gives a very good agreement especially when the density of the system is very low

    Large Momenta Fluctuations Of Charm Quarks In The Quark-Gluon Plasma

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    We show that large fluctuations of D mesons kinetic energy (or momentum) distributions might be a signature of a phase transition to the quark gluon plasma (QGP). In particular, a jump in the variance of the momenta or kinetic energy, as a function of a control parameter (temperature or Fermi energy at finite baryon densities) might be a signature for a first order phase transition to the QGP. This behaviour is completely consistent with the order parameter defined for a system of interacting quarks at zero temperature and finite baryon densities which shows a jump in correspondance to a first order phase transition to the QGP. The J/ΨJ/\Psi shows exactly the same behavior of the order parameter and of the variance of the D mesons. We discuss implications for relativistic heavy ion collisions within the framework of a transport model and possible hints for experimental data.Comment: 4 pages 3 figure
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