28,973 research outputs found

    Patterns of creation and usage of wikipedia content

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    This is the Post-print version of the Article. The official Published version can be accessed from the link below - Copyright @ 2012 IEEEWikipedia is the largest online service storing user-generated content. Its pages are open to anyone for addition, deletion and modifications, and the effort of contributors is recorded and can be tracked in time. Although potentially the Wikipedia web content could exhibit unbounded growth, it is still not clear whether the effort of developers and the output generated are actually following patterns of continuous growth. It is also not clear how the users access such content, and if recurring patterns of usage are detectable showing how the Wikipedia content typically is viewed by interested readers. Using the category of Wikipedia as macro-agglomerates, this study reveals that Wikipedia categories face a decreasing growth trend over time, after an initial, exponential phase of development. On the other hand the study demonstrates that the number of views to the pages within the categories follow a linear, unbounded growth. The link between software usefulness and the need for software maintenance over time has been established by Lehman and other; the link betweenWikipedia usage and changes to the content, unlike software, appear to follow a two-phase evolution of production followed by consumption.This study is partly funded by the University of East London

    Exact and heuristic algorithms for variable selection: Extended Leaps and Bounds

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    An implementation of enhanced versions of the classical Leaps and Bounds algorithm for variable selection is provided. Features of this implementation include: (i) The availability of general routines capable of handling many different statistical methodologies and comparison criteria. (ii) Routines designed for exact and heuristic searches. (iii) The possibility of dealing with problems with more variables than observations. The implementation is supplied in two different ways: i) as a C++ library with abstract classes that can be specialized to different problems and criteria. ii) as a console application ready to be applied to searches according to some of the most important comparison criteria proposed to date. The code of the C++ library and console application described here, can be freely obtained by sending an email to the author.Variable Selection Algorithms; All-Subsets; Heuristics

    The evolution of Giant Molecular Filaments

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    In recent years there has been a growing interest in studying giant molecular filaments (GMFs), which are extremely elongated (> 100pc in length) giant molecular clouds (GMCs). They are often seen as inter-arm features in external spiral galaxies, but have been tentatively associated with spiral arms when viewed in the Milky Way. In this paper, we study the time evolution of GMFs in a high-resolution section of a spiral galaxy simulation, and their link with spiral arm GMCs and star formation, over a period of 11Myrs. The GMFs generally survive the inter-arm passage, although they are subject to a number of processes (e.g. star formation, stellar feedback and differential rotation) which can break the giant filamentary structure into smaller sections. The GMFs are not gravitationally bound clouds as a whole, but are, to some extent, confined by external pressure. Once they reach the spiral arms, the GMFs tend to evolve into more substructured spiral arm GMCs, suggesting that GMFs may be precursors to arm GMCs. Here, they become incorporated into the more complex and almost continuum molecular medium that makes up the gaseous spiral arm. Instead of retaining a clear filamentary shape, their shapes are distorted both by their climb up the spiral potential and their interaction with the gas within the spiral arm. The GMFs do tend to become aligned with the spiral arms just before they enter them (when they reach the minimum of the spiral potential), which could account for the observations of GMFs in the Milky Way.Comment: 15 pages, 11 figures, MNRAS accepte
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