64,082 research outputs found

    The Relativistic Rotation

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    The classical rotation is not self-consistent in the framework of the special theory of relativity. the Relativistic rotation is obtained, which takes the relativistic effect into account. It is demonstrated that the angular frequency of classical rotation is only valid in local approximation. The properties of the relativistic rotation and the relativistic transverse Doppler shift are discussed in this work

    A Survey of Positioning Systems Using Visible LED Lights

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    © 2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.As Global Positioning System (GPS) cannot provide satisfying performance in indoor environments, indoor positioning technology, which utilizes indoor wireless signals instead of GPS signals, has grown rapidly in recent years. Meanwhile, visible light communication (VLC) using light devices such as light emitting diodes (LEDs) has been deemed to be a promising candidate in the heterogeneous wireless networks that may collaborate with radio frequencies (RF) wireless networks. In particular, light-fidelity has a great potential for deployment in future indoor environments because of its high throughput and security advantages. This paper provides a comprehensive study of a novel positioning technology based on visible white LED lights, which has attracted much attention from both academia and industry. The essential characteristics and principles of this system are deeply discussed, and relevant positioning algorithms and designs are classified and elaborated. This paper undertakes a thorough investigation into current LED-based indoor positioning systems and compares their performance through many aspects, such as test environment, accuracy, and cost. It presents indoor hybrid positioning systems among VLC and other systems (e.g., inertial sensors and RF systems). We also review and classify outdoor VLC positioning applications for the first time. Finally, this paper surveys major advances as well as open issues, challenges, and future research directions in VLC positioning systems.Peer reviewe

    Shaping of molecular weight distribution using b-spline based predictive probability density function control

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    Issues of modelling and control of molecular weight distributions (MWDs) of polymerization products have been studied under the recently developed framework of stochastic distribution control, where the purpose is to design the required control inputs that can effectively shape the output probability density functions (PDFs) of the dynamic stochastic systems. The B-spline Neural Network has been implemented to approximate the function of MWDs provided by the mechanism model, based on which a new predictive PDF control strategy has been developed. A simulation study of MWD control of a pilot-plant styrene polymerization process has been given to demonstrate the effectiveness of the algorithms
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