2 research outputs found

    Multi-Hazard Analysis in Gunungkidul Regency Using Spatial Multi-Criteria Evaluation

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    This study has two aims: to determine the spatial distribution of multi-hazard levels and to discover the interactions, interdependencies, and effects that cascade among hazards in Gunungkidul Regency, Special Region of Yogyakarta. A multi-hazard map was created with a scale of 1:250,000 and modelled using SMCE (Spatial Multi-Criteria Evaluation). The conditioning factors used included slope, rainfall, historical data, river distance, geomorphology, land cover, lithology, and fault distance. The selected conditioning factors for each hazard were then weighted using weighted overlay analysis. The results showed that the area of Gunungkidul can be included in the high-risk category for floods, since the probability of flooding is 56.72%, the probability of landslides is 9.14%, that of drought is 48.86%, and that of seismic disturbance is 20.83%. (Multi-hazard maps are created by overlaying flood, landslide, seismic, and drought hazard maps.) After these risk factors were calculated, the regions on the multi-hazard map were re-categorized into five hazard classes. All areas in Gunungkidul Regency have multiple hazards, with risk factors of different magnitudes. The interaction between hazards can generate new hazards that are called cascading hazards. The cascading hazards in the study area are most likely to occur in the north of Gunungkidul Regency with its very high seismic and landslide hazard risk factors, due to the geological and geomorphological conditions of the Baturagung Structural Hills

    ZONASI DAERAH RAWAN GEMPA BUMI DI KECAMATAN PUNDONG, BANTUL BERDASARKAN PENDEKATAN GEOMORFOLOGI

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    Gempabumi 27 Mei 2006 mengakibatkan kerusakan berat pada bangunan di Kecamatan Pundong, Kabupaten Bantul, Yogyakarta. Kerusakan bangunan yang diakibatkan oleh gempabumi bervariasi di setiap bentuklahan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan geomorfologi dengan satuan bentuklahan sebagai unit analisis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa karakteristik bentuklahan dapat menjadi indikator tingkat kerusakan bangunan akibat gempabumi. Aspek-aspek geomorfologi memiliki tingkat pengaruh yang berbeda di suatu daerah dan pengaruh aspek-aspek geomorfologi tersebut membentuk suatu zona rmvan gempabumi di Kecamatan Pundong. Zona kerawanan tinggi terhadap gempabumi berada pada kelompok bentuklahan Dataran Fluvio-VulkanikMerapi Muda. Zona kerawanan sedang terhadap gempabumi terdapat pada bentuklahan Lereng Kaki Koluvial Material Lava, Breksi, dan Tuf Zona kerawanan rendah terhadap gempabumi terletak pada lereng tengah dan lereng atas perbukitan struktural di sebelah timur Kecamatan Pundong. The earthquake May 27, 2006 caused severe damage on buildings in Pundong District, Bantul Regency, Yogyakarta. Earthquake-induced buildings damage vary at each landform. This research is using geomOlphological approach with landform unit as an analysis unit. The result shows that landform characteristics can be an indicator level of earthquakeinduced buildings damage. The geomorphological aspects has levels of induce in a certain area and the induce of geomorphological aspectsformed a certain earthquake prone zone in Pundong District. The high prone zone is located at the group of landforms Fluvio-Volcanic Young Merapi Plain. The moderate prone zone is located at Colluvial Footslope consist of breccias, lava, and tuff. The slight prone zone is located in the middle and upper slope of structural hills in the east part of Pundong District
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